After having seen the recent issue of Batman'66 with a cameo from the Adventures of Superman versions of Clark, Lois, and Jimmy, I've decided to once more revise this post. Listen to this podcast episode for a longer explanation of why I'm making the changes. Scooby-Doo Team-Up has also inspired some of these changes. And if you miss the previous incarnation of this post, you can still find it in Worlds and Mythology, which you can purchase here.
Comic Books and Super-Heroes
There are a lot of valid crosses that connect to comic books, including those with super-heroes. Those crosses, especially from DC and Marvel, have a number of complications. Besides the aging issues mentioned with animated series, there is the issue that comic book universes are worlds where super-heroes are public, as well as alien invasions, monsters, magic, etc. In most horror stories, the world appears on the surface to be as mundane as the real world, with most people disbelieving in anything paranormal. Another issue is that with certain companies like DC, there have been multiple reboots creating multiple versions of the characters, and with crosses connected to all versions. When it comes to comics stories connected to the Horror Universe, I’ve had to make some restrictions. First, even if super-heroes existed, they must have worked secretly. Also, to take aging into consideration, they would have only operated for ten to twenty years before retiring. Finally, in the case of characters like Superman and Batman, who have several different versions crossed in, I use the concept that the original heroes had sons who carried on the heroic tradition.
THE MAIN TELEVISION CROSSOVER UNIVERSE TIMELINE (ALSO KNOWN AS THE HORROR UNIVERSE AND THE LIVE ACTION UNIVERSE. ALSO, FOR THE MOST PART, THE WHONIVERSE AND THE TVCU ARE THE SAME REALITY EXCEPT WHEN SPECIFICALLY NOTED OTHERWISE. THIS MAY ALSO BE THE SAME WORLD SEEN IN BATMAN'66, WHICH IN PRE-CRISIS CANON WAS CALLED EARTH-TV.)
SUPERMAN I (KAL-L/CLARK KENT)--Kal-L is alternately spelled Kal-El. In the Television Crossover Universe, Krypton was a world where its inhabitants were ordinary men on their world, but under a yellow sun, and a planet with lighter gravity such as Earth, they become Supermen. When the world faced destruction, scientist Jor-L sent his son to Earth, where he was was found in Smallville, Kansas by Ebin and Sarah Kent. He was named Clark Kent, and raised by the farmers. As an adult, he moved to Metropolis, where he became a reporter for the Daily Planet, while also using his powers to fight crime as Superman. In the TVCU, Superman I is represented by the golden age/Earth-2 comic book version of Superman, the radio drama, and the Fleischer Studios animated shorts. He is also the Superman seen in the Adventures of Superman television series. He is also for the most part the Superman from silver age/Earth-1 comics, though a lot of the comics canon can’t properly fit in the TVCU, and must be disregarded in favor of the on-screen appearances.
Superman (Clark Kent Junior)--This is the son of Kal-L. He is represented in the TVCU by Post-Crisis Superman stories. Obviously, though, not all of those stories can count in TVCU canon.
100 B.C. to 44 B.C.--G.I. JOE # 50 & 73/YEARBOOK # 3/SERPENTOR'S FILECARD--"The Battle of Springfield/Divided We Fall/My Dinner with Serpentor"--Life of Julius Caesar, whose DNA will be used to create Serpentor. Julius Caesar has also appeared in THE ABBOTT AND COSTELLO SHOW, ADVENTURES OF SUPERMAN, BEWITCHED, HERCULES: THE LEGENDARY JOURNEYS, RELIC HUNTER, XENA WARRIOR PRINCESS, and CARMEN SANDIEGO'S GREAT CHASE THROUGH TIME.
March 1917--TALES OF THE SHADOWMEN VOLUME 4: LORDS OF TERROR--"Three Men, A Martian, and a Baby"--En route to Earth, Kal-L's rocket crashes into the Doctor's TARDIS. The Doctor fixes the rocket and sends the baby onto its original destination. NOTES: THIS IS THE ORIGINAL SUPERMAN, KAL-L, AS A BABY ON HIS WAY TO EARTH. THE DOCTOR HERE IS DOCTOR OMEGA, WHO HAS BEEN IN RECENT YEARS SHOWN IN PUBLISHED WORKS TO ACTUALLY BE THE DOCTOR FROM DOCTOR WHO.
TALES OF THE SHADOWMEN VOLUME 5: THE VAMPIRES OF PARIS “THE MOST EXCITING GAME” (SHORT STORY BY XAVIER MAUMEJEAN)
Release Date: 2009 (Setting is 1930)
Series: Tales of the Shadowmen
Horror Crosses: Lovecraft’s Cthulhu Mythos
Non-Horror Crosses: The Shadow; Superman; Allan Quatermain; Hareton Ironcastle; The Lost World; Kull; Tarzan; Tintin; Nero Wolfe; Philo Vance; Doc Savage (see Notes); Lost Horizon; From the Earth to the Moon; Sherlock Holmes; The People of the Pole; the Most Dangerous Game
The Story: A ship arrives in the harbour of New York, the entire crew brutally murdered. D.A. Markham must solve the case, hopefully with some assistance from a certain vigilante.
Notes: Captain Marsh, from Lovecraft’s Shadow over Innsmouth is mentioned, thus providing the horror link. All the non-horror crosses above are mentioned or appear, thus bringing them all in. In this story, Margo Lane (girlfriend of the Shadow) mentions her sister Lois (as in Lois Lane, from Superman). This is a reference to Farmer’s joke in Doc Savage: His Apocalyptic Life that they are sisters. Later, an online essay “The Amazing Lanes” on Mark Brown’s website expands on that. Though I don’t include internet essays, this story indeed makes official for TVCU canon that Margo and Lois are sisters. This doesn’t bring in all Superman stories, but it does bring in at the very least the golden age (1938 to 1949 or so).
June 1938--Adventures of Superman--Superman on Earth--After Eben's death and now aware of his super powers, Clark Kent moves to Metropolis. Sarah has made a costume for him, and she tells him that he must use his powers for good. Superman makes his debut saving a man falling from a blimp. As Clark, he hustles the man to the Daily Planet, which scores a scoop. This convinces editor Perry White to hire Clark.
IT’S THAT TIME AGAIN 3: EVEN MORE NEW STORIES OF OLD-TIME RADIO “WAR BETWEEN TWO WORLDS” (SHORT STORY BY RICKY LOUIS PHILLIPS)
Release Date: 2006 (Setting is October 30, 1938, during the events of the War of the Worlds radio broadcast)
Series: Superman; War of the Worlds (radio)
The Story: During the second Martian invasion, a “man of action” fights of the invaders.
Notes: The first invasion was told in the 1898 novel version of War of the Worlds. The 1980s War of the Worlds television series ties together the novel, radio broadcast, and 1950s film as having been three previous invasion attempts. The “man of action” has the described characteristics of Superman. The “man of action” is a clue, as Superman debuted in Action Comics # 1. This should be the golden age version of Superman from the comics. But since this anthology is about stories featuring old time radio characters, we should assume this to be the radio version of the hero. This isn’t a contradiction, as a 1980s story in DC Comics’ World’s Finest Comics shows the original Superman of the golden age talking with the original Robin (Dick Grayson) of the golden age about an adventure they had once that was originally portrayed on the radio show. Thus we can assume that the golden age version of Superman from the comics is the radio show version, and that he exists in the TVCU, along with all versions of the War of the Worlds up to the 1980s television series.
1939--INDIANA JONES AND THE SARGASSO PIRATES--Indiana comes upon an island where the people stranded there are descendants of pirates, living there their whole life, and only knowing the pirate life. Indy escapes leaving them there. I wonder if these are the same pirates SUPERMAN later discovers.
February 12, 1940 to March 1, 1951--ADVENTURES OF SUPERMAN (RADIO)--Next, there's the old time radio program, "The Adventures of Superman". Now most of this show won't work, as there are too many contradictions. Most of this show takes place in the Old Time Radio Universe. But in the 1980s, Clark Kent has a discussion with Dick Grayson in which they recount having those adventures that were depicted in the Adventures of Superman storylines in which Batman and Robin had been guest-stars. So those team-ups are in the TVCU.
THE YOUNG ALL-STARS # 12 “‘M’ IS FOR ‘MONSTERS’” (DC COMICS)
Just before February 1978--SUPERMAN VS. MUHAMMAD ALI--The cover art for Superman vs Muhammed Ali shows cameos of several real and fictional characters, including the teacher and students from WELCOME BACK KOTTER, Columbo, and Lucy! And Donny & Marie Osmond, Sonny & Cher, the Jackson 5, etc.
Release Date: May 1988 (Setting is May 1942)
Series: Young All-Stars
Non-Horror Crosses: All-Star Squadron; TNT and Dan the Dyna-Mite; Aarn Munro; Hawkman (Golden Age); Robotman (Golden Age); Miss America; Justice Society of America; Superman (Golden Age); The War that Time Forgot; Wildcat; Metropolis; G.I. Robot; R.U.R.
The Story: Deathbolt attacks Project M to steal a T-Rex and place the Ultra-Humanite’s brain in it.
Notes: King Kong’s remains are seen at Project M. Project M is from the Creature Commandos series, which has been brought in via a New Adventures of Frankenstein tale by Donald F. Glut. This story does not bring in the entire Young All-Stars series or DC Comics line. The Utlra-Humanite was introduced in the golden age Superman series. Most people only know Luthor and Zod as Superman's foes.
May 1942--STING OF THE GREEN HORNET (NOW COMICS)--In this story, we find the Green Hornet encountering THE SHADOW (also a pulp hero who started in radio), and CAPTAIN AMERICA (though including Cap doesn't include all his appearances, just as with the TVCU Superman.) Also appearing are Clark Kent (SUPERMAN) and Lois Lane, NICK FURY, and President Franklin Delano Roosevelt. (Note that when real people appear in the TVCU, it is their TVCU counterparts, who usually are very similar to the real world versions, but have had additional experiences that replace real world experiences.) Also referenced are the SUB-MARINER and the YANKEE COMMANDO.
March 1945--THE ADVENTURES OF SUPERMAN--While working together, Superman learns the identities of Batman and Robin, but they don't learn his. (The Adventures of Superman radio show is in the TVCU because of a story in It's that Time Again, which features Superman fighting the Martians during 1938's War of the Worlds. Since the book's theme was old time radio characters, this means that it was indeed the version from the radio show. Since War of the Worlds is in the TVCU, then the Superman of the radio show is the Superman of the TVCU.) The Superman/Batman team-ups included are from the Radio show, not from the comic book.
September 1945--ADVENTURES OF SUPERMAN--When Lois Lane is accused of murder, Superman turns to Batman and Robin for help.
Early December 1945--ADVENTURES OF SUPERMAN--The Nazis create an Atom Man powered by Kryptonite. Meanwhile, the rest of the meteor has scattered around the world. Superman comes to Batman and Robin to help. He also reveals to them he knows their identities and comes clean with his own. Note in 1980, Superman and Dick Grayson will have a conversation that mentions this adventure.
January 1946--ADVENTURES OF SUPERMAN--After exposure to Kryptonite, Superman begins suffering from blackouts. Shortly after, a series of bank robberies occur which look be be the work of Superman, so Superman seeks out Batman and Robin for assistance.
April 1, 1946--ADVENTURES OF SUPERMAN--Batman helps Superman play a prank on his friends.
July 1946--ADVENTURES OF SUPERMAN--Batman helps protect Superman's identity.
September 1946--ADVENTURES OF SUPERMAN--When Dick's life is threatened, Superman comes to assist Batman.
November 1946--ADVENTURES OF SUPERMAN--Once more, Batman helps keep Superman's secret identity.
December 1946--ADVENTURES OF SUPERMAN--Batman and Superman work together to help an alien from the planet Utopia.
February 1947--ADVENTURES OF SUPERMAN--While in Metropolis, Robin is arrested for crimes committed by the Monkey Burglar. Under the request of Superman, they don't remove his mask. Superman and Batman must find the Monkey Burglar to free Robin.
May 1947--ADVENTURES OF SUPERMAN--Superman ends up missing due to a crooked politician with kryptonite. Batman and Robin search for him. They find him with amnesia pitching for a minor league baseball team.
September 1947--ADVENTURES OF SUPERMAN--Batman comes to Superman's aid when an experimental ray robs him temporarily of his powers.
February 1948--ADVENTURES OF SUPERMAN--Crooks learn the identities of Batman and Robin and blackmail them, until Superman comes to the rescue.
February 1948--ADVENTURES OF SUPERMAN--"The Last Knight"--Four men believe they are Arthur and three of his knights.
March 1948--ADVENTURES OF SUPERMAN--Clark Kent's apartment is robbed, and one of his Superman costumes is stolen. It's up to Batman and Robin to help protect his secret.
May 1948--ADVENTURES OF SUPERMAN--A case leads Superman out to California, so Batman assists by rounding up the remaining crooks in Metropolis.
June 1948--ADVENTURES OF SUPERMAN--Superman, Batman, and Robin travel to China on a case.
July 1948--Superman, Batman, and Robin team against the Scarlet Widow and Butcher Stark.
December 1948--ADVENTURES OF SUPERMAN--Once more Batman helps protect Superman's identity, this time from Clark Kent's co-workers.
January 1957--I LOVE LUCY--"Lucy and Superman"--In 1957, famed musician Ricky Ricardo wanted to get George Reeves to appear as Superman for his son's birthday party. Ricky had a lot of Hollywood connections, and it looked like it was going to work. But wait. I said that the show was real. Well, remember how those Fleischer cartoons were based on true stories? So was the show. The folks at DC were integral in the writing, and the casting of the show. The folks at DC knew a secret though. While most people thought Superman was a creation of DC Comics, in fact, they were getting their stories from Superman for the most part, though some things they got from the Planet stories and some they did make up. So when they cast Reeves, they found someone who was the spitting image practically of Superman. Now back to the story. Reeves had a scheduling conflict and couldn't come to the party. Ricky's wife Lucy, feeling bad, dressed as Superman. But unexpectedly, Superman showed up with Ricky. Now I say Superman, not Reeves. At first, everyone (except the kids) thinks it's Reeves. Sure he flies in, but it's in a way like seen on TV, where it could have been merely a stunt. But then, when a heavy piano needs to be moved, Ricky with the help of Fred and Ethel Mertz, try to move it, but the combined strength of all three cannot budge it. Then Superman moves it quickly and easily with one hand as if it was light as a feather. And that's how we know. He never breaks character, because he's not acting. It is Superman. (This takes place in the I Love Lucy episode "Lucy and Superman", and even in the credits, he's listed as Superman.) NOTES: THE TVCU'S CONCEPT FOR INCLUSION IS A SIX DEGREES OF LUCY RICARDO. EVERYTHING THAT'S IN SHOULD BE ABLE TO BE TRACED BACK TO LUCY, BECAUSE...WAIT FOR IT...I LOVE LUCY, OF COURSE.
October 1969--BEWITCHED--"Samantha's Caesar Salad"--Esmeralda accidentally pulls Julius Caesar from the past. Julius Caesar has also appeared on THE ABBOTT AND COSTELLO SHOW, THE ADVENTURES OF SUPERMAN, HERCULES: THE LEGENDARY JOURNEYS, RELIC HUNTER, and XENA: WARRIOR PRINCESS.
1971--Marcus Welby, M.D.--From Toby O'Brien: Point of O'Bservation - Any time a fictional character is mentioned in a TV show without reference to the source of origin, I accept that as tacit acceptance the character is real in Toobworld. Latest example - from a 1971 episode of 'Marcus Welby, M.D.' "You're not Superman, you know; you're a doctor." - Roger Nastili (Apache descendent of Hannibal Heyes). I won't be using that in Inner Toob until my August TV Western theme, but thought I'd share it with my crossover compadres now.....
1973--Popeye would later meet Superman in 1973.
MARVEL TEAM-UP # 79 “SWORD OF THE SHE-DEVIL” (MARVEL COMICS)
Release Date: March 1979 (Contemporary Setting)
Series: Spider-Man; Red Sonja
Horror Crosses: Doctor Strange
Non-Horror Crosses: Superman; Ms. Marvel; Conan the Barbarian
The Story: Kulan Gath possesses a security guard at a museum and draws the attention of Spider-Man. Mary Jane Watson also finds herself possessed, but by the heroic Red Sonja.
Notes: Carol Danvers is mentioned, but not her alter ego Ms. Marvel. Based on the various crosses with Marvel heroes in this guide, we can determine that many of the Marvel heroes must have had counterparts in the Horror Universe. If this is the case, I still doubt that superheroes were as publically known as in the MU. Like with the alien invasions and zombie outbreaks, I’m sure the general public is in denial about vigilantes with super-powers. The super-hero phenomenon must have come in waves. The first started in the late 1930s and died down after World War II. The second would have occurred from the early 1960s to the mid 1980s. Since then, heroes would have still operated, but with less and less frequency. Red Sonja is a spin-off character from Conan the Barbarian, and Kulan Gath was a Conan foe. Doctor Strange is also mentioned in this story. Clark Kent also arrives to cover the story. Of course, this is a fun cameo of the type that DC and Marvel liked to do regarding their friendly competition. But from an in-story point of view, a few questions arise. Why didn’t Superman get involved? Why was he in New York? Shouldn’t he be old? Clark often got sent out of Metropolis on assignment. So that question is easy to answer. He might have been there for another story and stumbled upon this one. As for a young Clark Kent, several crosses in this guide demonstrate that the golden age version of Superman existed in the Horror Universe. And there are crosses with the modern age (post-Crisis) version. And of course this is a silver age era story. To explain the longevity and multiple versions, I have to look towards what DC would refer to as “imaginary stories” or “Elseworlds”. In the 1970s, DC had a series of “Super Sons” stories, in which Superman and Batman had sons. Clark Kent Junior would later become the next Superman. In another series, “Superman 2020”, Superman also had a son who became the next Superman. And finally, DC One Million followed the same premise. Based on those three story series, I can theorize that the same case exists in the Horror Universe. Additionally, the Earth-2 stories and John Byrne’s Generations saga demonstrate the continued life of an aging Superman, which I can utilize. Pulling all that together, I believe that the golden age Superman follows pretty closely to the original stories. But then he retired, only occasionally going back into action. So in this story, he chooses to let the young heroes handle things. Besides which, being out of Metropolis, having Superman and Clark both both seen there would risk his secret identity, something even more important to him now that he’s married and a father. Plus Superman has a weakness against magic, something that in the Horror Universe couldn’t have been easy for him. The later appearances of a modern age version of Superman are likely to be Clark Kent Junior. Sword of the She-Devil features Red Sonja, who though from the comics, was a spin off of Conan, a literary character.
November 1979--SUPER COMICS # 1--"Super-Bob"--Little Bobby is visited by an alien from the planet Kookoorongba named Krazy-El. Krazy-El has been sent by the Great Unknown to tell Little Bobby that he has been chosen as Earth's champion. When he says "Powers of the world, give them to me" he will gain superpowers. Little Bobby becomes Super-Bob. Krazy-El trains him in the use of his powers, which are initially super strength, speed, invulnerability and flight. Other powers will come later, "when he is ready for them". One other power he seems to have is the ability to not be recognized. He wears a duplicate of Superman's costume but does not alter his face nor wear a mask, and in fact, for years still wears his glasses in costume. Real Life Notes: This story was originally meant to be a daydream fantasy of Little Bobby, but became more popular than the Little Bobby strip. In fact, this story is the beginning of the Super Comics Universe, aka the Wronskiverse. It should be noted though that the current Wronskivese version of this origin story has been greatly retconned. Over in my Wronskiverse book, you can find the better origin. But this is how it was originally told, and for the premise of this chronology about the TVCU, the original version is the one that fits. Krazy-El was a spin-off character from a previous sci-fi magazine I wrote called Adventures on Other Worlds. The Super-Bob series never talks about why Super-Bob's costume resembles Superman's. It just appears when he transforms, replacing whatever clothing he had been wearing. Later, in Powerkid, it's revealed that Superman is a comic book character on an alternate Earth, and that Little Bobby was a fan, as I was indeed a fan, and that it was the first thing he imagined for a heroic costume.
September 1980--Super Comics Presents # 1--"Warworld"--Super-Bob teams with a new heroine, Pretty Gal, against an alien called Mongul and his Warworld. Real Life Notes: This story is almost exactly the same as DC Comics Presents # 28, replacing Superman and Supergirl with Super-Bob and Pretty Gal. In fact, many of the stories of Superman and Superboy from 1979 to 1986 were copied to become Super-Bob/Powerkid stories. This is the one time where I didn't also replace the villain with one of my own. Thus, as far as TVCU apocrypha is concerned, Mongul was a Super-Bob foe, not a Superman foe. Pretty Gal was incidentally based on a girl I had a crush on in second grade.
September 1981--WORLD'S FINEST COMICS # 271--Clark Kent and Dick Grayson help Clark Kent Junior and Bruce Wayne Junior defeat a revived Atom Man (spelled Atoman in this story). NOTES: THIS STORY IS A SEQUEL TO A STORY FROM THE OLD RADIO SHOW.
c. January 21, 1982-THAT'S OUR RALPH!--"The Big Lie"--Ralph pretends he has to work late in order to go bowling with his friends. In this series, the setting is never named, nor is Ralph's occupation ever stated, but in this episode, Ralph refers to his boss as Mr. White, adding "Boy, does he hate being called Chief." He also says he has to work late because he's the only reliable employee, as Clark, Lois and Jimmy are always leaving the office sticking Ralph with all the work. Clearly, this is a Superman reference, and so the series must take place in Metropolis.
August 1982--POWERKID # 3 AND 4--"Karate Spears"/"Powerkid meets Superman"--Powerkid encounters Karate Spears for the first time, who nearly kills the hero because he realized his weakness: apple crisp! Powerkid manages to flee and being a fan of comics, knows the theory of the multiverse, and flies into the Forbidden Forest to travel to another universe where he might find a hero to help. He ends up on Earth-1, and with Superman's help, Karate Spears is defeated.
September 1982--POWERKID # 1--"Powerkid"--Super-Bob becomes Powerkid, with a new costume. Real Life Notes: The story almost acts as if the Super-Bob stories weren't canon. This short story was the first writing assignment I did for fourth grade, and because I didn't think my teacher would get all the backstory, I gave the character a complete reboot, that really ripped off Superman's origin. Later stories would ignore this story, and reincorporate the Super-Bob stuff. Later, a story would be told in which Krazel (retconned Krazy-El) completes training Super-Bob, and offers him to wear the costume of the Powermen (police force) of his homeworld of Kookoorongba, thus he becomes Powerkid, with an almost all red suit, with the yellow upside down triangle on the chest with a P in the center. He still wears the glasses for another year. This story also references Zap, Master of Power, as Powerkid's best friend though he hadn't yet appeared in any stories, and Karate Spears as Powerkid's arch-foe, though again, he'd never before appeared. Both were the creations of two of my friends, Phil Sheridan and Charlie Spears, who would regularly contribute to Super Comics. They would end up appearing in stories soon, and getting their own origins.
SEPTEMBER 1982--POWERKID POLICE # 1--"The Super-Trio"--A magical evil calling himself Doctor Deadly comes to Orange from outer space. He claims to have once ruled this world, and now wants to reclaim it. Arriving on the scene to battle this alien wizard is Powerkid, Zap, and a new speedster hero called Speedy. Together, the three are able to stop him where one would have failed. Doctor Deadly flees into outer space. Powerkid and Zap, who are cousins Bobby Wronski and Philip Sheridan, find that this new hero is also their cousin, Shon Ames. The three realize that only by working together were they able to defeat the villain, and that some threats only can be stopped by a team. And so they put the word out that they wish to form a team, and are calling on any new heroes (since there had been a recent explosion of new heroes) who would like to join. The team ends up consisting of initially: Powerkid, Zap, Speedy, the Unknown, Man-Killer, Space Hero, Waterman, Avenger, The Toy, Bird Boy and Bird Girl, Screamer, Witch Woman, Stretch, Vic-20, Tornado Man, and Fireman. Later members would be Kitten Girl, Powergirl, and mascot Chris Whaland. Real Life Notes: During the Super-Bob era, there had been another Super-Trio consisting of Super-Bob, Super-Len, and Witch Woman. Doctor Deadly will later be revealed to be Morgoth from the Lord of the Rings, who is possessing an alien scientist's body. The Powerkid Police is obviously my version of the Justice League of America. Phil Sheridan came up with the name. Powerkid is the PKP version of the JLA's Superman. Zap is the PKP's version of the JLA's Martian Manhunter. Speedy is the PKP's version of the JLA's Flash. Incidentally, a year later, Speedy, under the new name of the Speedster, gets his own series, where he becomes a janitor at a museum in CENTRAL CITY, because he just feels the city needs a speedster. In this reality, the Flash apparently doesn't exist, at least not in the early 80s. Of course, in the TVCU, he does exist in the early 1980s in the Super Friends. I guess there's more than one Central City. The Unknown is the PKP's version of Batman. Man-Killer fills in for Wonder Woman. Space Hero fills for Green Lantern. Waterman for Aquaman. The Toy for the Atom. Bird Boy and Bird Girl are the PKP's Hawkman and Hawkwoman. Interestingly, later, Bird Boy was found to be constantly hopping around in time due to the Crisis. He was the Bird Boy/Bird Man of the 1950s/1960s Wonder Woman stories, the Bird Man of the 1960s cartoon, and later, Harvey Birdman, Attorney-At-Law. Screamer is Black Canary, obviously. Witch Woman fills in for Zatanna. Stretch fills in for Elongated Man, but is actually Stretch Armstrong, as in the toy where you could grab his arms and stretch him out. Vic-20 and Tornado Man took the place of Red Tornado. Tornado Man here is an older hero among the group, formerly having been a member of the Mighty Heroes. Fireman is the replacement for Firestorm. Kitten Girl and Powergirl joined two years later, with no JLA counterpart. Chris Whaland was the Snapper Carr of the group. The PKP disbanded in 1985, but in 1987, I wrote a story from 1984 that retroactively added the character.
RETURN OF THE KILLER TOMATOES (FILM)
Release Date: April 22, 1988 (Contemporary Setting)
Series: Attack of the Killer Tomatoes
Non-Horror Crosses: Superman
The Story: Set in a divergent timeline, it’s ten years after the events of Attack of the Killer Tomatoes, known as the Great Tomato War. Tomatoes are now outlawed. But a mad scientist plans on unleashing a new tomato menace.
Notes: Superman makes a cameo appearance, but doesn’t really affect the plot. This would likely be the second Superman, Clark Kent Junior. This film follows Attack of the Killer Tomatoes and is followed by Killer Tomatoes Strike Back.
SECRET ORIGINS # 27 “A SYMPHONY OF SHADOWS: THE SECRET ORIGINS OF ZATARA AND ZATANNA” (DC COMICS)
Release Date: June 1988 (Contemporary Setting, along with numerous flashbacks from ancient times up to the 1960s)
Series: Zatara; Zatanna
Horror Crosses: Doctor Fate; Faust; Hellblazer; Doctor Occult; Sargon the Sorcerer; Spectre; Deadman; Phantom Stranger
Non-Horror Crosses: She; Justice League of America; Super Friends; All-Star Squadron; Justice Society of America; Hawkman (silver age); Batman (silver age); Atom (silver age); Green Lantern (silver age); Elongated Man; Hawkman (golden age); Starman (golden age); Flash (golden age); Green Lantern (golden age); Atom (golden age); Sandman (golden age); Johnny Thunder (golden age); Superman (silver age); Flash (silver age); Green Arrow (silver age)
The Story: Felix Faust captures Zatanna, and as they discuss his motivations, we are told not only the origins of Zatara and Zatanna, but also of Doctor Mist and Felix Faust.
Notes: This was meant to be the post crisis revised origins of Zatara and Zatanna. However, from pre-crisis to post-crisis, the canon of those characters didn’t really change, and this story really just expands on the older origin without altering it. This story also features the origins of Doctor Mist and Felix Faust, tying the four’s histories together. In the original version of the story, proposed by Jean Marc Lofficier, Wotan was meant to be the main villain. Wotan is from mythology, but this was the version who was an enemy of Doctor Fate. DC had it changed to Felix Faust, an enemy of the Justice League of America. This story conflates Felix Faust with the original Faust. This story reveals that when Zatanna was young, she had an affair with John Constantine. The flashbacks show Zatara as a member of the All-Star Squadron. Zatanna is shown in flashbacks to have worked with many members of the (DC) supernatural community. Doctor Mist is a member of the Global Guardians, first appearing in the Super Friends comic book, but he is based on a character from H. Rider Haggard’s Wisdom’s Daughter. There is a flashback to Zatanna’s original quest storyline. The Justice Society are shown in flashback to the storyline in which they are brought before congress and forced to retire, leading to the end of the golden age of heroes. Zatanna is also shown in flashback as a member of the Justice League of America.
1993--ICON--From Salvatore Cucinotta: Just found an odd crossover with Doctor Who of all things. The Milestone comic series "Icon" is probably best known for its label as the "Black Superman", but it's a lot more than that, writer Dwayne McDuffie made it that way. Good stuff. I've finally had a chance to read it, and in issue #26, Icon returns to earth after testifying on behalf of earth, to battle the alien death-obsessed psychopath calling itself "Oblivion". He arrives on earth thanks to a "Transmat", a teleportation technology that first appeared in "Doctor Who", though here, it's a company. Looks like a pretty legitimate crossover to me, as much as any crossover with "Doctor Who" is. Here, specifically, Transmat is referred to as a company ("Thank you for traveling Transmat", but it can easily be thought of as a brand name that overtook the market (IE: Bandaids vs. Adhesive Medical Strips).
November 1993--THE PHILADELPHIA EXPERIMENT 2--From Caeric ArcLight: In THE PHILADELPHIA EXPERIMENT 2, there's a discussion of Superman - "The Man of Steel" - retiring because adamantium is tougher than steel.
SUPERMAN/ALIENS # 1 - 3 (DC AND DARK HORSE COMICS)
Release Date: July - September 1995 (Contemporary Setting)
Series: Superman (modern age/Post-Crisis); Alien
The Story: Superman finds a ship in space from Krypton. The last survivors of Argo City had managed to escape before Krypton’s destruction, but they had been overtaken by Aliens, and now only the young girl Kara has survived. Superman and Kara fight to survive in a Red Sun environment, in which the Man of Steel is slowly losing his powers.
Notes: For Horror Universe purposes, this is Superman III, the grandson of the original. Supergirl was the cousin of the original last son of Krypton. Since no previous versions of Kara has been incorporated into the Horror Universe, there’s not a conflict in this being Kal-L’s cousin Kara.
1996--FINAL NIGHT--A Sun Eater tries to eat our sun. This leads to several days of cold weather (in the TVCU. This happened in the summer, so all the shows didn't cover it.) Superman, whose powers were reduced by the lack of sunlight, is aided by a version of the Legion of Super-Heroes from an alternate future. They go to see Luthor in order to get use of the same ship Superman had to borrow the previous year for the events of Superman/Aliens, which he directly references. Note the entirety of Final Night is not TVCU canon, but this Superman crossover absolutely counts. I should say that the ending in which Hal Jordan sacrifices his life counts still, as much of the Green Lantern saga (1940 to present) is in the TVCU. There are lots of TVCU Green Lantern crossovers.
June to August 1997--The Superman/Madman Hullabaloo--From John D Lindsey Jr: In The Superman/Madman Hullaballoo, by Mike Allred, Mr. Pink from Reservoir Dogs (drawn to look just like Steve Buscemi) turns up and briefly gets infused with Superman's power. The comic is a cross-dimensional crossover between Superman's world and Madman's world, but Mr. Pink is native to Supes' world. Of course, one has to question the wisdom of any gangster that would even bother to set up shop in Metropolis…
1999--SUPERMAN VS. THE TERMINATOR: DEATH TO THE FUTURE--Sarah and John Connor have been travelling the nation hiding from Terminators. When in the Metropolis of New York, the mother and son are attacked by a Terminator who teleports in from the year 2032. This is noticed by Superman (Clark Kent II) who flies in and ends up teleported to the future. There he finds a future of the Terminators, and discovers John Henry Irons (Steel) still alive and part of the resistance. In the present, Sarah is aided by Lois Kent (they're married now), Supergirl II, and the current Superboy. (See notes.) Meanwhile, "Cyborg Superman" gives information to the Terminators on how to create upgraded Terminators to fight Superman, and Lex Luthor reveals that he helped fund Skynet under the belief that should it get activated, he would be able to control it. NOTES: TERMINATOR--THIS IS PART OF THE TIMELINE THAT FOLLOWS THE FIRST TWO MOVIES. THE SARAH CONNOR CHRONICLES IS PART OF THE TVCU 2. THE THIRD FILM ISN'T REALLY CANON OUTSIDE THE "TERMINATOR CINEMATIC UNIVERSE". THE FINAL MOVIE IS CANON WITH ALL THE TIMELINES. SUPERMAN--SUPERMAN HERE IS CLARK KENT II WHO ISN'T FROM ANY SERIES BUT IS USED BY ME TO EXPLAIN WHEN THERE ARE POST-CRISIS CROSSOVERS WITH TV AND FILM CHARACTERS THAT ARE PART OF THE TVCU. SO HE'S BASICALLY THE POST-CRISIS SUPERMAN, BUT WITHOUT ALL THE DCU STUFF PULLED IN. LOIS LANE--THIS IS ACTUALLY LOIS KENT. (THEY GOT MARRIED IN THE COMICS.) HER REAL NAME PROBABLY ISN'T "LOIS LANE" BUT I'M TOO LAZY TO IDENTIFY HER. STEEL--JOHN HENRY IRONS' ORIGINAL ORIGIN WAS PARTIALLY TIED INTO DEATH OF SUPERMAN, BUT THAT DIDN'T HAPPEN IN THE TVCU. HOWEVER, THE NEW 52 HAS SHOWN THAT THERE ARE OTHER ALTERNATIVE WAYS TO INTRODUCE THE CHARACTER. THE SAME GOES FOR SUPERBOY AND THE CYBORG. SUPERBOY--THIS IS THE CLONE OF SUPERMAN. HE WAS CREATED BY PROJECT: CADMUS. SUPERGIRL--THIS IS A CLONE THAT WAS CREATED IN AN ALTERNATE "POCKET REALITY", BUT THEN MERGED WITH A GIRL AND GIVEN A SOUL BY GOD, AND THEN REVEALED TO BE A FALLEN EARTH ANGEL. AFTER PETER DAVID LEFT SUPERGIRL AND DC, HE WENT AND WROTE FALLEN, WHICH WAS HIS CONTINUATION OF THE STORY AND WHICH HAS LOTS OF CROSSOVERS, SO I CONSIDER THIS SUPERGIRL AND FALLEN TO BE THE SAME. CYBORG--THIS IS HANK HENSHAW. HE WAS TRANSFORMED AFTER LEADING A FAILED MISSION FOR LEXCORP. HE BECAME A CYBORG WITH POWER OVER COMPUTERS AND METALS WHO BLAMED SUPERMAN FOR THE DEATH OF HIS FANTASTIC FAMILY. LEX LUTHOR--THIS LUTHOR IS RELATED TO THE ORIGINAL LUTHOR WHO FOUGHT THE ORIGINAL SUPERMAN.
SUPERMAN VS. PREDATOR (DC AND DARK HORSE COMICS)
Release Date: 2000 (Contemporary Setting)
Series: Superman (modern age/Post-Crisis); Predator
The Story: When a Predator lands his ship in Central America, Superman investigates, only to fall victim to a power draining virus. Meanwhile, the Predator sees Superman as a worthy opponent.
Notes: For the purposes of the Horror Universe, this would be the third Superman, grandson of the original. DC Comics has published many stories featuring Superman passing along his legacy to his son, grandson, and so on. DC has called these at various times imaginary stories, Elseworlds, Hypertimelines, or parallel Earths. Since the Horror Universe has variant versions of DC characters, it should fall into one of those categories.
GREEN LANTERN VERSUS ALIENS # 1 - 4 (DARK HORSE AND DC COMICS)
Release Date: September - December 2000 (Contemporary Setting)
Series: Green Lantern; Alien
Non-Horror Crosses: Superman
The Story: Kyle Rayner, who has replaced Hal Jordan as Green Lantern of space sector 2814 (which includes his homeworld Earth) joins former members of the Green Lantern Corps in taking on a swarm of xenomorphs found in sector 1522 after a Coluan vessel crashes there.
Notes: Green Lantern also has a cross with the Quantum Archangel, a Lovecraftian Doctor Who novel. Hal Jordan was Green Lantern from 1959 to 1994. When Coast City was destroyed by villains, he went mad and destroyed the Corps, and became a villain himself. Kyle Rayner then was given the only remaining power ring. There are a lot more details to that story, but for our purposes in the Horror Universe, that’s all we need to know. Incidentally, DC has also decided that the details of that story aren’t relevant anymore, and have retroactively removed them. Kyle Rayner has also fought the Predators as a member of the Justice League in JLA versus Predator. The planet Colu is the homeworld of Brainiac, one of Superman’s greatest foes.
JLA VERSUS PREDATOR (DC AND DARK HORSE COMICS)
Release Date: December 20, 2000 (Contemporary Setting)
Series: JLA; Predator
Non-Horror Crosses: Superman (Modern Age/Post-Crisis); Batman (Modern Age/Post Crisis); Green Lantern; Martian Manhunter; Plastic Man; The Flash; The Atom; Aquaman; Wonder Woman (Modern Age/Post Crisis); Legion of Super-Heroes
The Story: The Justice League find themselves challenged by Predators who are altered to have the same powers and abilities (and equipment) as the Earth heroes.
Notes: This story is a follow up to the previous encounters between Superman and Batman and the Predators. The Justice League here is not the same team from the “silver age“ of heroes. That team disbanded in the 1980s, and this team was recently formed. The incarnation in this story consists of Superman, Batman, Green Lantern, Martian Manhunter, Plastic Man, the Flash, the Atom, Aquaman, and Wonder Woman. As explained in previous entries, this is the third Superman and Batman. The Green Lantern here is Kyle Rayner, who has also fought the Alien xenomorphs. The Martian Manhunter and Plastic Man of this story could be the same versions from the silver and golden age stories, as they don’t age like normal humans do. The Flash here is Wally West, who should still be old at this point. Perhaps the Speed Force kept him preserved. The Atom here is Ray Palmer, who also should be too old, unless his metagene also kept him preserved. And the Aquaman and Wonder Woman here could be long lived unaging heroes, or generational. The alien Dominators also appear in this story, who originated as villains in the Legion of Super-Heroes.
2001--ELECTRA WOMAN & DYNAGIRL--From Matt Hickman: So apparently in 2001 they made a pilot for a series where Electra Woman is a washed up super heroine. Why is this important? Well, Aquaman appears and Flash, Batman, Superman and Wonder Woman are all mentioned as real people.
May 2002--ROSWELL--"Graduation"--In the final episode of Roswell, one of the half-alien characters crushes a piece of charcoal into a diamond and says he learned the trick from Superman. I suppose he could have met the real Man of Steel at some point during the series between episodes.
SUPERMAN/ALIENS 2: GOD WAR (DARK HORSE AND DC COMICS)
Release Date: May - December 2002 (Contemporary Setting)
Series: Superman (Modern Age/Post-Crisis); Alien
Non-Crosses: Jack Kirby’s Fourth World
The Story: When a ship of Aliens enters the space of Apokolips, Darkseid plans on using them in his war against New Genesis.
Notes: Again, for Horror Universe purposes, this must be the grandson of the original Superman. This cross does not bring in every Superman story and especially does not bring in every DC comics story. But just wait until I write the Comic Book Crossover Encyclopedia, coming around 2022.
2004--A UNIFORM USED TO MEAN SOMETHING.../HINDSIGHT IS 20/20...--This one fits. In 2004, this Superman is Kal-El/Clark Joseph Kent, the "silver age" Superman. These are commercials in which Superman hangs out with Jerry Seinfeld.
2006--THE PROTECTOR--Matthew Hickman: The Protector mentions how back in the day Superman had nothing on him. Sounds like Superman was a real person too.
2006 to Present--WWE WRESTLING--Brooke Adams is a wrestler/personal assistant/model, who also goes by the name of Miss Tessmacher. Eve Tessmacher was the "assistant" of Lex Luthor from the Superman films, but the post-crisis Lex Luthor (who has a TVCU counterpart) also had a secretary named Miss Tessmacher, so it could be that Brooke is in fact related to Eve, and maybe even the daughter of Lex Luthor and Eve Tessmacher.
SUPERMAN AND BATMAN VERSUS ALIENS AND PREDATOR (DARK HORSE AND DC COMICS)
Release Date: January 8 - February 14, 2007 (Contemporary Setting)
Series: Superman (Modern Age/Post-Crisis); Batman (Modern Age/Post-Crisis); Alien; Predator
The Story: When a mountain climbing crew disappears in the Andes, the World’s Finest team investigates and finds Predators whose ship has been stuck there since the Ice Age.
Notes: If these are the “Super-Sons”, Clark Kent Jr. and Bruce Wayne Jr., they must be in their 50s at this point. But the story implies that the previous encounters Superman and Batman had individually with the Aliens and Predators were all of the same version of Superman and Batman. Perhaps this story takes place several years prior to the release date, or else the Super-Sons aged well.
October 2009--POWER GIRL # 4--"Girls' Night Out"--From James Bojaciuk: The main cast of Big Bang Theory accosts Power Girl at a movie theatre. Big Bang Theory is probably in the TVCU, as in one episode they bought a time machine from the 1960 Time Machine movie that apparently worked (and then they were attacked by morlocks--in what might've been a dream sequence). That said, even if Big Bang Theory *is* in, this would be the AU Power Girl that Dennis wrote about in some of his articles. (From me: I disagree a bit with James. I believe this to be the cousin of the golden age Superman, who also came from Krypton, but arrives much later in 1976. When the Time Trapper manipulated the Crisis to make people forget about super-heroes, Kara temporarily believed herself to be from ancient Atlantis, the granddaughter of Arion, but by the point of this story, her original memories were restored.)
May 2011--COUGAR TOWN--Jules proclaims that Mole People are real, which is true in the TVCU, though most probably consider it urban legend. But they have encountered Superman and later subjegated by the Mole Man, foe of the Fantastic Four.
June 2013--JESSIE--"Punched Dumped Love"--From Toby O'Brien: Trapped as I am with my 8 year old nephew, I just watched an episode of "Jessie". They commented that nobody would like Luke's Superman underwear.... Not even Lois Lane. Plus Adam Sandler was in it as himself.
c. August 8, 2014--ADVENTURES OF ANGELFIRE--Angelfire is a real female super-heroine who is trying to convince Hollywood to make a movie about her. She references other heroes who have had movies such as Spider-Man, Superman, Batman, and Iron Man.
TELEVISION CROSSOVER MULTIVERSE
So what about ones that do conflict with the present? And what about remakes and reboots? In 1998 DC Comics incorporated a scientific theory called Hypertime into its canon, and in 2006 got rid of it. DC's version had all these timelines constantly fluctuating and weaving in and out, merging and unmerging. The reason was so that they could say every story happened somewhere. I have also adapted the Hypertime concept. My version is different. Basically, I blame it on time travelers. Every time a time traveler goes into the past, he or she creates a divergent timeline. Think of it as a river with a fork. One timeline now takes two directions. One is the main TVCU, and the other is the divergent timeline. Two futures stemming from one past. Though my version is different, my reason is the same. Everything exists. Every version of Superman has its own home in its own TVCU divergent Hypertimeline. This also accounts for remakes of movies, reboots of series, and stories where zombies or apes or vampires or robots or mutants become dominant in the world.
TVCU-2--When Kang travelled back in time to 1945, he created a splintering of the TVCU timeline as it affects Steve Rogers. The TVCU-2 is the world of reboots and remakes. It is also where stories are set that have TVCU connections, but can’t fit because of things like vampires being public or mutants being exposed. This is the reality of the Original Marvel Cinematic Universe that was spawned in 2000 with the X-Men franchise and Sam Raimi’s Spider-Man trilogy. And while we are talking of this reality and super-heroes, this is also the world where Lois & Clark: The New Adventures of Superman takes place. Some have also called this reality Earth-886, the Original Marvel Cinematic Universe, the Sam Raimi Timeline, the “Bootleg Universe”, and others. Marvel’s official canon claims that each of the individual heroes film series take place in separate realities.
Superman (Clark Kent)--This is Kal-El. He is represented in the TVCU-2 by Lois & Clark.
- Spring to Fall 2002--SPIDER-MAN--The first film acknowledges Superman.
TVCU-21--TOOBWORLD--Also known as EARTH-PRIME TIME. This universe comes from Toby O’Brien’s Inner Toob blog/website, in which everything seen on live action television exists as canon. Only one Superman operated in the 1950s and has passed away. Bruce Wayne was Batman in the 1960s. For Marvel, the 1970s Amazing Spider-Man and Incredible Hulk series are canon. For more on this alternate TV reality, visit Toby O’Brien’s Inner Toob website.
TVCU-69--Porn Universe--Also known as Earth-XXX. In this reality, there is a porn adaptation of the classic DC/Marvel crossover, Superman vs. the Amazing Spider-Man.
THE DONNERVERSE (SOMETIMES REFERRED TO AS EARTH-1278 OR THE ORIGINAL DC CINEMATIC UNIVERSE)
Earth 1278--Numerical designation by John Wells after the month and date -- December, 1978 -- that Superman The Movie had its theatrical release. The Flash, Human Target, Batman Diet Coke, Swamp Thing, Superman, Superman II, Swamp Thing, Superman III, Supergirl, Superman IV: The Quest for Peace, The Return of Swamp Thing, Batman, Batman Returns, Batman Forever, Batman & Robin, Steel, Catwoman, The Vigilante. The home of the theatrical incarnations of DC's heroes as shown in comic book adaptations. First appeared in The Vigilante.
EARTH-1278A--2006--SUPERMAN RETURNS--SUPERMAN (KAL-EL/CLARK KENT) RETURNS AFTER A FIVE YEAR MISSION TO FIND HIS DESTROYED HOME WORLD. HE FINDS THAT WHILE HE WAS GONE, HIS LOIS HAD A KID...WHOSE FIVE. NOTES: THIS WAS MEANT AS A SEQUEL TO FOLLOW SUPERMAN II. HOWEVER, SINCE IT CONFLICTS WITH THE MOVIES AFTER SUPERMAN II, IT MUST BE A DIVERGENT TIMELINE.
SO YOU CREATED A WORMHOLE (NOVEL BY PHIL HORNSHAW & NICK HURWITCH)
Release Date: April 3, 2012 (See notes for setting)
Series: The Time Travel Guide
Horror Crosses: Evil Dead; Alien
Non-Horror Crosses: Terminator; Doctor Who; Back to the Future; Forbidden Planet; The Time Machine; Time Cop; A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur’s Court; Star Trek; Timeline; Stargate; Bill & Ted’s Excellent Adventure; Hot Tub Time Machine; Star Wars; Futurama; Donnie Darko; Time After Time; Lost; Philadelphia Experiment; 12 Monkeys; Quantum Leap; X-Files; Gundam; Mighty Morphin’ Power Rangers; Voltron; iRobot; Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy; Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (films); Superman (Christopher Reeve films); Land of the Lost; Battlestar Galactica; Star Trek (reboot); Planet of the Apes; Call of Duty; Muppet Show
The Story: Not so much a story, this is an actual guide for new time travellers written by some guys who live at some point in the future, but who came back in time to publish the book (presumably to avoid an amateur time traveller from screwing up their timeline).
Notes: This story implies that all of the above crosses exist. However, because of the nature of time travel, it’s possible that some of the above may be in divergent timelines while others are part of the main Horror Universe timeline.
DC CINEMATIC UNIVERSE (OR DC EXTENDED UNIVERSE)
OTHER TVCU DIVERGENT TIMELINES
SUPERMAN: WAR OF THE WORLDS (DC COMICS)
Release Date: 1999 (Setting is 1938)
Series: Superman (Golden Age)
Horror Crosses: War of the Worlds (radio)
The Story: When the Martians invade, it’s a job for Superman!
Notes: This has to be a divergent reality. It ends with the death of Superman and Lois marrying Luthor, as well as major alterations to the entire global political structure and history. In the main Horror Universe timeline, Superman does indeed battle the Martians during the 1938 invasion, as seen in It’s That Time Again: More Stories of Old Time Radio.
THE CARTOON MULTIVERSE
THE CARTOON UNIVERSE (ALSO KNOWN AS THE LOONIVERSE. ALSO SOMETIMES REFERRED TO AS THE BONGO UNIVERSE, EARTH-1, EARTH-1A, EARTH-2, EARTH-2A, OR EARTH-12.)
Looniverse--This is the universe of cartoons that do not fit in the Television Crossover Universe. The name was first used in the Superman/Bugs Bunny comic book mini-series to describe the reality of Bugs Bunny. It was also used in an unreleased Tiny Toon Adventures video game.
- NEW ADVENTURES OF BATMAN
- KRYPTO THE SUPERDOG
- TEEN TITANS GO!
- SUPER FRIENDS
- JONNY QUEST
- SECRET SQUIRREL
- BATMAN THE ANIMATED SERIES
- SILVER AGE/EARTH-1 DC CANON
- ADVENTURES OF AQUAMAN
- PRE-CRISIS/EARTH-S FAWCETT CANON
- JUSTICE LEAGUE ACTION!
SUPERMAN (KAL-L/CLARK KENT)--Kal-L is alternately spelled Kal-El. In the Cartoon Universe, Krypton was a world where its inhabitants were ordinary men on their world, but under a yellow sun, and a planet with lighter gravity such as Earth, they become Supermen. When the world faced destruction, scientist Jor-L sent his son to Earth, where he was was found in Smallville, Kansas by Jonathon and Martha Kent. He was named Clark Kent, and raised by the farmers. As an adult, he moved to Metropolis, where he became a reporter for the Daily Planet, while also using his powers to fight crime as Superman. In the Cartoon Universe, Superman is represented by the golden age/Earth-2 comic book version of Superman and the Fleischer Studios animated shorts. He is also the Superman seen in the New Adventures of Superman animated series, and the Super Friends. He is also for the most part the Superman from silver age/Earth-1 comics, though a lot of the comics canon can’t properly fit in the Cartoon Universe, and must be disregarded in favor of the on-screen appearances. Superman (Kal-El/Clark Kent) is the same character who is concurrently a member of the Justice League of America. Superman was chosen as an instructor for the Super Friends because of his time as the teen hero, Superboy. The various Super Friends series produced by Hanna-Barbera featured Danny Dark as Superman: 1973: Super Friends, 1977: The All-New Super Friends Hour, 1978: Challenge Of The SuperFriends, 1979: The World's Greatest Super Friends, 1980 - 1983: Super Friends, 1984: Super Friends: The Legendary Super Powers Show, 1985: The Super Powers Team: Galactic Guardians. Superboy makes two appearances in the show's run. The first one is when the Hall of Justice computer runs a tape showing Lex Luthor's origin. He was voiced by Danny Dark. The other is in a short episode where Phantom Zone criminals go back in time to fight Superboy. He is saved by the arrival of Superman and Green Lantern. He was voiced by Jerry Dexter. Superman is also represented in the Cartoon Universe by Post-Crisis Superman stories, the 1988 Filmation Superman cartoon, and Superman the Animated Series. Obviously, though, not all of the comic book stories can count in Cartoon Universe canon.
1931--NEW ADVENTURES OF SUPERMAN--Kal-El's dog from Krypton comes to Earth and is adopted by Clark Kent, and the two work together to fight crime in Smallville.
SKY CAPTAIN AND THE WORLD OF TOMORROW (LIVE ACTION FILM)
Release Date: September 17, 2004 (Setting is 1939)
Series: Sky Captain
Animated Series Crosses: Superman (Max Fleischer)
Other Crosses: King Kong; Godzilla; Lost Horizon
The Story: Sky Captain must stop a madman who wants to destroy the human race and start civilization over on a new world.
Notes: This film takes place in the Cartoon Universe. The events of King Kong and Son of Kong are referenced as having occurred. A newspaper headline refers to the events of Godzilla as recently having happened in 1939. Shangri-La appears in this story. And in the film, Sky Captain battles giant remote control robots that were first seen in the 1940s animated Superman shorts.
ACTION COMICS # 55 “A GOOF NAMED TINY RUFE” (DC COMICS)
Release Date: December 1942
Series: Superman (Golden Age)
Animated Series Crosses: Li’l Abner
The Story: Cartoonist Al Hatt gets the idea for his most famous strip from observing a very real hillbilly couple. When the couple plans on getting married, Hatt fears it would ruin his strip and thus tries to get them to call it off.
Notes: Al Hatt is based on real life cartoonist Al Capp, and the hillbilly couple, called Tiny Rufe and Maisie Day here, are meant to be Li’l Abner and Daisy Mae. Li’l Abner was brought in via Roger Rabbit, which included both the cartoons and comics. This crossover brings in the golden age era of Superman comics as part of the Cartoon Universe Superman’s canon. Most of Superman’s golden age canon fits just fine with the canon of the Cartoon Universe Superman, along with the silver age stories as well. However, we must reject any individual stories that would contradict the animated stories seen in Super Friends, New Adventures of Superman, and the Fleischer Studios shorts.
1944--SHE-SICK SAILORS--Bluto poses as Superman to impress Olive. Now there is evidence that Superman exists in the Looniverse, as seen in a Bugs Bunny short for example, but we also know that the TVCU Superman (the original one) sometimes visited the Looniverse as well in the 1930s and 1940s (as seen in Roger Rabbit and some Superman promotional material from the comics.)
WHO FRAMED ROGER RABBIT? (ANIMATED/LIVE ACTION FILM)
Release Date: June 22, 1988 (Setting is 1947)
Series: Roger Rabbit
Animated Series Crosses: Mickey Mouse; Donald Duck; Alice Comedies; Pluto; Bucky Bug (Silly Symphonies); Goofy; The Merry Dwarfs (Silly Symphonies); Flowers and Trees (Silly Symphonies); Babes in the Woods (Silly Symphonies); Father Noah’s Ark (Silly Symphonies); The Three Little Pigs (Silly Symphonies); Toby Tortoise (Silly Symphonies); Water Babies (Silly Symphonies); Who Killed Cock Robin?; Elmer Elephant (Silly Symphonies); Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs; Ferdinand the Bull (Silly Symphonies); Pinocchio; Dance of the Hours (Fantasia); The Pastoral Symphony (Fantasia); The Nutcracker Suite (Fantasia); The Reluctant Dragon; Dumbo; Bambi; Pedro (Saludos Amigos); Reason and Emotion; Chicken Little (1943 Disney short); The Pelican and the Snipe; Peter and the Wolf (Make Mine Music); Song of the South; Johnny Appleseed (Melody Time); So Dear to My Heart; The Wind in the Willows (The Adventures of Ichabod and Mr. Toad); Alice in Wonderland; The Little House; Peter Pan; Paul Bunyan (1958 Disney short); Sleeping Beauty; Mary Poppins; The Jungle Book; Winnie the Pooh; Looney Tunes; Bugs Bunny; Daffy Duck; Porky Pig; Tweety and Sylvester; Foghorn Leghorn; Goofy Gophers; Road Runner; Speedy Gonzales; Marc Anthony and Pussyfoot; Ralph Wolf and Sam Sheepdog; Of Fox and Hounds; One Froggy Evening; Dodo and the Frog; Droopy; George and Junior; Screwy Squirrel; Tom and Jerry; Betty Boop; Koko the Clown; Noveltoons; Popeye; Casper; Superman (Fleischer/Famous Studios); The Fox and the Crow; Woody Woodpecker; Andy Panda; Chilly Willy; Dinky Doodle; Mother Goose on the Loose; Mighty Mouse; Heckle and Jeckle; The Temperamental Lion; Garfield; Gandy Goose; Felix the Cat; Li’l Abner; Augie Doggie and Doggie Daddy; Scooby-Doo!
The Story: When Marvin Acme, the owner of Toontown and the Acme Corporation is murdered, animation short star Roger Rabbit becomes the prime suspect, and detective Eddie Valiant must get over his prejudice towards toons to help clear Rabbit’s name and find the real killer.
Notes: In my previous book, the Horror Crossover Encyclopedia, I used Abbott and Costello Meet Frankenstein as my start point in connecting the dots of the Horror Universe. With this book, it was instantly clear to me that Who Framed Roger Rabbit? must my beginning. This film is a major crossover. Though the first cartoons considered canon for the Cartoon Universe date back decades before this, and there had been many cartoon crossovers before this, Who Framed Roger Rabbit? was the first to be able to so successfully (and legally) combine major characters from so many different classic animation studios. In this section, I will break down the crossovers by the studios they originate. This film also is significant in Cartoon Universe canon. This film explains that Toontown is a town that connects to Hollywood of the Live Action Universe. Clearly, though connected, the two towns are of different realities, as the laws of physics are applied differently in each location. And indeed, those from one reality seem to partially carry the laws of their world over with them to the other. For instance, a person from the Live Action Universe could be killed in the Cartoon Universe by something that a toon would survive from. Likewise, a toon maintains its characteristics in the Live Action Universe. This film also presents a notion seen occasionally in previous animation, in that, though toons are created by artists of the Live Action Universe, they actually live and work in the Live Action Universe. Thus, people in the Live Action Universe seem to know of and accept the existence of the Cartoon Universe, even if they seldom speak of it. This means that the Live Action Universe may seem to be a depiction of the Real Universe, but it is not in actuality. This film is based on a book, but the book lacks the crossovers and is not part of the Cartoon Universe canon. As for the crosses, let’s start with Disney. Disney characters can be broken down into four major categories for our purposes. That would be “the Mickey Mouse Universe”, the Disney Princesses, other animated works, and live action properties. I’m excluding from this the Muppets, Star Wars, and Marvel Comics, which were well known long before being acquired by Disney. ABC properties (also owned by Disney now) should also be considered separate, including Once Upon a Time. To discuss Disney, especially in relation to Roger Rabbit and the Cartoon Universe, I have to briefly discuss Kingdom Hearts. See the entry for that video game series for a deeper analysis. But for now, Kingdom Hearts presents a multiverse in which all the various Disney films seem to exist in alternate realities, separated and difficult to travel between. In the series, there are also four different versions of Mickey and friends, in different realities. Kingdom Hearts seems to contradict the Toontown concept introduced in Roger Rabbit and later seen in House of Mouse, Drawn Together, and others. Throughout this book, there are other examples to demonstrate that the Cartoon Universe is part of a larger Cartoon Multiverse. It is my belief, creating a theory relying on in-story information, that the Cartoon Universe is the Central Timeline as part of a multiverse which resembles the Hypertime formerly used by DC Comics, and that the Central Timeline is to the Multiverse as the post-Crisis DC Universe was to the pre-Crisis DC Multiverse. The Central Timeline, aka the Cartoon Universe, combines elements of other realities of the Cartoon Multiverse. Later, Batman: The Brave and the Bold will demonstrate that perhaps my analogy between the DC Multiverse/Hypertime and the Cartoon Multiverse is extremely appropriate. So for now, we will put Kingdom Hearts aside, as existing among other realities of the Cartoon Multiverse, and focus for the remainder of this entry on the proper Cartoon Universe, established by this film and the Toontown concept. So getting back to Disney, and it’s first category of Mickey Mouse, let’s discuss the “Mickey Mouse Universe”. This is not meant to imply a separate reality for Mickey, but meaning the group of characters that often are associated with Mickey Mouse. When it comes to the characters from the “Mickey Mouse Universe”, shorts from the early years had less crossovers, and it makes sense to list crossovers between the stars of the various shorts during those early decades. However, in the more modern era, seeing Mickey, Donald, Goofy and others is so common, that listing crossovers between them would be silly. Thus, for the characters of “the Mickey Mouse Universe”, crossovers between them will be listed only up to the debut of television’s Wonderful World of Disney in 1954. After that, appearances of characters from the Mickey Mouse Universe will not be listed as crossovers, but if, for example, a character from the Mickey Mouse Universe crosses with another series, that cross will be listed as a cross for that short character rather than a cross with the entire Mickey Mouse Universe. Of course, the first of the Mickey Mouse Universe to discuss would be Mickey Mouse. Mickey appears along other major animation icon Bugs Bunny in a scene involving Eddie falling out of a building. (Note that along with using the official styles of each characters, particularly in their 1947 versions, the characters were also mostly voiced by the voice actors who in 1988 were most known for providing that character’s voice.) Mickey first appeared in the animated short Steamboat Willie in 1928. He has since become the most iconic figure and mascot for Disney. He also shares my birthday. Based on the history of Mickey, there seems to be no indication that Mickey has ever lived outside of Toontown, which seems to have portals connecting it to Hollywood and most Disney theme parks of the Live Action Universe. In fact, you can visit Mickey’s Toontown as most Disney parks. As with the other characters I mention as crosses here, Mickey’s further history and connection to the Cartoon Universe is laid out throughout this book. In his life, he seems to have worked many jobs, including a time working for Interpol, but now seems to run Disney. Mickey’s girlfriend Minnie also appears, in a small cameo. She first appeared in Steamboat Willie as well. Goofy is a character that first appeared in the Mickey Mouse short Mickey’s Revue, originally called Dippy Dawg. (Perhaps his full name is Goofy Dippy Dawg.) Goofy was popular enough to get his own spin-off series. He would later work with Mickey for Interpol and become the super-heroic Super Goof, before finally settling down and becomeing a parent in Goof Troop. Pluto is Mickey’s dog. In the Cartoon Universe, there are anthropomorphic animals, and then there are also animals more like those in the Real Universe, though with relative higher degrees of intelligence. Pluto first appeared in the Chain Gang, but would later get his own spin off series of shorts. Horace Horsecollar also appears, who first appeared in the Mickey short The Plow Boy. Another of the Mickey Universe to appear is Clarabelle Cow. Clarabelle first appeared in Plane Crazy. Plane Crazy was actually the first Mickey Mouse cartoon created, but it tested poorly in test screenings. It eventually debuted publicly as the fourth official Mickey Mouse short in 1929. Clara Cluck, who also appears, first debuted in the Mickey short Orphan’s Benefit. The orphans from Orphan’s Benefit also appear. Note that Orphan’s Benefit has its own entry, as it’s the first time Mickey and Donald are seen together. Willie the Giant and the Golden Harp appear, who both originate from Mickey and the Beanstalk, an adaption of the classic Jack and the Beanstalk. This must be one of the numerous divergent timelines as demonstrated from Kingdom Hearts in which Mickey and friends existed in different forms in different time periods. But, they shouldn’t be the same divergent timelines from Kingdom Hearts. Kingdom Hearts demonstrates travel between worlds to be extremely difficult, while Roger Rabbit shows us the exact opposite. Donald Duck appears as a musical act partnered with Daffy Duck. Donald first appeared in 1934’s The Wise Little Hen. Though commonly associated as part of the “Mickey Mouse Universe”, he originated in this Silly Symphonies short, as a separate series star, and those Mickey and Donald are considered two separate series. Donald has lived a large part of his life in Toontown, but seems to have been born in nearby Duckberg (where life is like a hurricane). He also spent some time (off and on) in the Navy. Daisy Duck is Donald’s longtime girlfriend. She first appeared in 1940’s Mr. Duck Steps Out. Huey, Dewey and Louie also appear in a picture in a newspaper. They are Donald’s triplet nephews, the sons of Donald’s sister Della. They first appeared in the Donald Duck newspaper strip before coming to animation a few months later. They often visited Donald in the shorts, usually driving him crazy. Sometimes a fourth nephew, Phooey, appears. He was drawn by accident. He shouldn’t be canon. Later, it was explained that he was a freak incident of nature. A fourth nephew. Nothing more has been said of him, and it seems the Duck/McDuck family do not like to speak of him. The nephews would later live with Donald, until he left again for the navy in Duck Tales, after which they went to live with Uncle Scrooge McDuck. More recently, they have formed a boy band as seen in House of Mouse. This followed their finally aging to teenhood in the 1990s series Quack Pack. Jose Carioca makes a cameo. He was a friend of Donald’s first debuting in Saludos Amigos. Peter Pig first appeared in The Wise Little Hen with Donald Duck. He makes a cameo in the closing song from Roger Rabbit. Gus Goose is Donald’s cousin, who first appeared in the 1939 short Donald’s Cousin Gus. Donald’s flying jalopy from The Flying Jalopy also appears. Pete also appears. Pete first appears as a villain in Alice Solves the Puzzle. The Alice Comedies were about Alice, a girl from the Live Action Universe who found her way into the Cartoon Universe. Pete would later go on to be a villainous figure, often a nemesis to Mickey, Donald and Goofy, and later a neighbor of Goofy in Goof Troop. Chip ‘n’ Dale also appear in the film. Chip ‘n’ Dale started off as antagonists in Pluto cartoons, before moving on to pester Donald Duck. Eventually, they became the stars of their own shorts. Much later, you younger readers may be more familiar with them when they took on the role of Rescue Rangers. And they should not be confused with Chippendales, the adult entertainment club. Bucky Bug was a continuing character from Silly Symphonies whose “adventures” continued in the comic book Walt Disney's Comics and Stories. Humphrey the Bear was a character who first appeared in a Goofy short, but then became a regular character in a few Donald shorts before getting his own starring spin-off. Though four Humphrey shorts were created, only two were released as Disney discontinued their short animated theatrical films before the remainder made it out. Mr. Walker appears in Roger Rabbit. Mr. Walker is actually Goofy, from his “everyman films”, particularly in this case Motor Mania, where Goofy is a Jekyll and Hyde sort, transformed when he gets behind the wheel of a motor vehicle. Roger Rabbit seems to demonstrate Mr. Walker to be a separate character than Goofy, even if they are appear to be the same. The Merry Dwarfs also appear, who come from a Silly Symphony. The Flowers and Trees of the Silly Symphony of the same name also appear. The gnomes from Babes in the Woods, a Silly Symphony version of Hansel and Gretel, appear. There are numerous versions of Hansel and Gretel that make their way into the canon of the Cartoon Universe. So the question is, are they the same pair just portrayed in different interpretations, or are they different sets of siblings. At first, I wanted to cop out for simplicity and say that every interpretations should be the same pair, a theory I could then apply to all fairy tale characters, and by extension, all characters in animation that are based on characters that did not originate in animation. But, as we will soon get to, this very film demonstrates I have to consider them as separate as this film has both Bugs Bunny and the prototype version of Bugs Bunny as two separate characters. If they are different, then we have to consider that the Daffy Duck Robin Hood and the Disney fox Robin Hood are separate, that the Simpsons James Woods is not the James Woods from Family Guy, and that Mighty Mouse and Super Mouse are separate characters. And there is enough evidence to prove that out based on in-story examples. The sun seen in Toontown, thus the sun of the Cartoon Universe at least during that period, was the same sun from the Silly Symphony Father Noah’s Ark. Father Noah’s Ark is a retelling of the biblical tale of Noah and the Great Flood, which happened at some point in the past (and I’m not going to debate it on a religious scale). It would seem that this telling would be the official version of the Cartoon Universe. Oddly, though, later another version appears in Fantasia 2000, featuring what should be ancestors of Donald and Daisy. Thanks to Kingdom Hearts, though, we know that Donald exists in multiple realities, some of which place him in other time periods. So his Fantasia version likely exists in the established Fantasia alternate reality seen in Kingdom Hearts. So the Silly Symphony must be the main Cartoon Universe version. The Disney Silly Symphony versions of the Three Little PIgs, Zeke “Big Bad” Wolf, and Little Red Riding Hood also appear. Toby Tortoise appears, who was a recurring Silly Symphony character. The Water Babies also appear, who originate from a 1935 Silly Symphony short about water sprites. Jenny Wren (who resembles a bird version of Mae West) appears, who originated from the Silly Symphony Who Killed Cock Robin, based on the nursery rhyme of the same name. Elmer Elephant and Joe Giraffe from the Silly Symphony Elmer Elephant also appear. Ferdinand the Bull, also from a Silly Symphony, also appears, based on the Story of Ferdinand. Many characters from Fantasia also appear, including the broomsticks from the Sorcerer’s Apprentice. Fantasia exists in an alternate reality based on Kingdom Hearts. Thus, that Mickey is a divergent version. It should be noted though that the main Cartoon Universe Mickey is often seen with the famous hat and using its power, specifically in promotions for the Wonderful World of Disney and Disney theme parks. I will argue that perhaps the main Cartoon Universe Mickey may have had a similar experience as his Fantasia counterpart, but they are still different versions from different realities. One of the Fantasia bits that crosses over here is the Nutcracker Suite. This would be the version from the Fantasia reality, which apparently can connect to the main Cartoon Universe as easily as other realities. Other version of the Nutcracker will also be crossed into this guide, and as we come across each, I will address how they all can coexist. Pedro (the Plane) also appears, who originated as a short segment in Saludos Amigos, later rereleased as an independent short. Emotion appears. Emotion resembles a caveman, but is in fact part of the human psyche, as seen in the World War II era short Reason and Emotion. Chicken Little appears, from the World War II era short of the same name, based on “The Sky is Falling” fable. The 2005 animated film will also get included via a valid cross with Kingdom Hearts. At that point, I’ll discuss further how both can be in, but I’m sure the two stories are different enough to not cause contradiction. Monte the Pelican also appears, who originated from the Pelican and the Snipe, a World War II era Silly Symphony. Peter from Peter and the Wolf appears. This short is based on the musical composition and fairy tale, and likely takes place in the “Enchanted Forest”. There are other versions that will make it in that likely take place in alternate dimensions. The animals from Johnny Appleseed appear, but not Johnny himself. Johnny Appleseed was a short included as a segment in Melody Time. Though the film came out in 1948, the animals could still have existed in 1947, when Roger Rabbit takes place. And in fact, Johnny Appleseed takes place in the 18th Century, so their appearance is not at all anachronistic. If anything, those animals are just very long lived. The apartments and skyscrapers from Little House appear. Little House is a short that came out in 1952, but based on a story from 1942. Babe the Blue Ox from Disney’s 1958 Paul Bunyan short appears. Since the story of Paul Bunyan comes from folklore that existed prior to his first print appearance in 1916, the appearance is not an anachronism. The second Disney category is Disney Princess. According to Kingdom Hearts, all of the princesses exist in alternate realities which do not interact. However, Toontown based shows (following the Roger Rabbit tradition) such as House of Mouse and Drawn Together, portray the princesses not only living on the same world, but also living contemporary to each other in our present day. We must assume as with Mickey and company that the Kingdom Hearts worlds are divergent realities, while the Cartoon Universe is the main reality. According to Drawn Together, the “Magic Kingdoms” are accessible via portals accesssible at Disney parks, much as Toontown is. Applying what we know from Roger Rabbit, House of Mouse, and Drawn Together, and applying some other Disney based information from similarly themed Kingdom Hearts and Once Upon a Time, we might be able to come to a workable theory, and thus I shall try. Note, this is only a theory, based on what in-story information we have to go on. We already know that the Cartoon Universe itself seems to be made up of several overlapping realities. It could be that the realities of these Disney Princesses indeed exist in separate realities, very much as depicted in Kingdom Hearts, but unlike Kingdom Hearts, they are accessible to each other through a magical “Enchanted Forest” that lies between them all, in a manner that may make them all contemporary with each other as like on Once Upon a Time. This would mean this Fairy Tale Land exists in a seperate reality outside the Cartoon Universe, but that connects to the Cartoon Universe in a manner similar to the Live Action Universe. Because time operates differently there in Fairy Tale Land, as it operates differently in the Cartoon Universe, the stories can happen “once upon a time” and in contemporary times. Placing fairy tales in a separate but connecting reality can then also help explain the Hansel and Gretel dilemma above. Perhaps there is more than one version of Fairy Tale Land out there. Surely, if Mickey can exist in mutliple realities, so can Snow and Cinderella. Thus, not all versions of fairy tales seen are the same. They are likely all alternate versions from different pocket realities that connect to the Cartoon Universe. Snow White, the Evil Queen, the Seven Dwarfs, and the forest animals from Disney’s Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs appear. In the real world, Snow White was published in 1812, but likely came from earlier folklore. In the world of Disney, it seems as though the story takes place in some ambiguous “once upon a time”, and yet at the same time contemporary with other stories and characters from Disney of the same time as the Disney film release in 1937. (I’m not even going to go into the Once Upon a Time version’s timeline...for now. Shrek is another similar situation that will later be discussed.) Pinnochio also appears. Pinnochio, Jiminy Cricket and Lampwick also come from one of the “Magic Kingdoms” of the “Enchanted Forest”. Several characters from Wonderland appear. Disney’s Alice likely comes from the main Cartoon Universe, while Wonderland is a pocket reality attached to the Cartoon Universe similar to Fairy Tale Land, but those two realities are clearly different realms. Tinkerbell appears at the end, doing her classic Disney film ending, along with John Darling and a rhino from Peter Pan. Peter Pan came out in 1953. But it takes place in 1900. Neverland is another real like Fairy Tale Land and Wonderland. The Darlings, like Alice, must come from the main Cartoon Universe. Some goons and birds from Sleeping Beauty appear. Aurora (who is the Sleeping Beauty) comes from another of the Magic Kingdoms of the Enchanted Forest. Next we move to Disney’s third category, for other animated projects. The first of which is the Reluctant Dragon. Both the Dragon and Giles appear. The Reluctant Dragon was actually a short animated film that was part of a larger film of the same name that consisted of a live action tour of Disneyland, The Reluctant Dragon film, and three other animated shorts that are all not at all connected. Several characters from Dumbo appear in Roger Rabbit, including the flying elephant himself, who in this film is on loan from Disney to Maroon Studios and only works for peanuts. Of course, in this sense, one might wonder if the cartoons these toons were in were considered fictional within the Roger Rabbit film, especially since Roger’s shorts certainly seemed to be. But for the most part, every toon maintains the same characteristics behind the scenes (except for Baby Herman.) Based on later appearances of Toontown, we have to consider that appearances of toons here bring in their main canon, and that they must have made films based upon their real exploits and all starred as themselves in these films. Several Bambi characters also appear, including the title character. Bambi appears in his more youthful state, as seen in the bulk of his first animated film. In fact, almost every crossover appearance of Bambi shows him at that age, even in the modern era. We know that toons age differently than we of the real world, or even our fictional counterparts of the Live Action Universe. So it seems as though the ending of Bambi, where he is grown takes place in a future that hasn’t come to pass (and at least in one divergent timeline, doesn’t, thanks to Godzilla!) Many of the animated characters from Song of the South appear. Those animated characters for most of Song of the South appear to be fictional stories told by Uncle Remus of the Live Action main portion of the film. But by end, it’s clear they really exist, thus they must be from the Cartoon Universe while Uncle Remus and the live action portions are in the Live Action Universe. So Dear to My Heart, though not a sequel, was a follow up to Song of the South in theme. It featured a live action story with animation used in story telling. The animated characters appear in Roger Rabbit, but using Song of the South, we can assume the same relationship between the Cartoon and Live Action Universes apply. Though the film was released in 1949, the story took place in 1903, thus no anachronisms are present in this instance. Mr. Toad and Proudbottom appear from Ichabod and Mr. Toad, a film that featured two separate stories that were unrelated. Only the Mr. Toad portion is included here. The film is based on Wind in the Willows and takes place in 1906, even though it came out in 1949. A silouhite of Mary Poppins and penguin waiters from the same film appear in Roger Rabbit. Mary Poppins did not come out until 1964, but the story took place in 1910, thus there is no anachronism here. This crossover appearance implies that the animated characters from that film come from the Cartoon Universe while the main story takes place in the Live Action Universe. Characters from the Jungle Book also appear. The Jungle Book came out in 1967 but is set in the 19th century, so there are no anachronisms here. Piglet appears, from 1966’s Winnie the Pooh and the Honey Tree. However, since the original story by A.A. Milne takes place in 1926, there isn’t an anachronism. So now that we’ve covered Disney, it’s time to move onto their biggest competitor, Warner Brothers and their Looney Tunes characters. As with the Mickey Mouse Universe, there is a cut off when I will stop listing crossovers between individual stars of Looney Tunes shorts. I’m choosing 1960’s television debut of the Bugs Bunny Show. Any crossovers of Looney Tunes stars with other Looney Tunes stars will be listed if they were before that date, but not after. Before getting into Looney Tunes series, first there’s a sort of crossover with Looney Tunes as a whole. Sort of. The song “The Merry-Go-Round Broke Down” is sung twice, with different words, in Roger Rabbit. The first time it is sung by Roger as he entertains in a bar, and the second by Eddie to make the weasels die laughing. You may think you don’t know the song, but it’s the famed theme song for Looney Tunes. It was written in 1937 and became the Looney Tunes theme the same year, and has been associated with the Looney Tunes ever since. OK, so now onto the characters, and we start with the number one star of Looney Tunes, Bugs Bunny. Bugs Bunny, as stated earlier, appears with Mickey in one scene. They also appear with a group of toons at the close of the film. Bugs first appeared in the 1940 short A Wild Hare. However, in 1938, a prototype of Bugs appeared in a Porky short called Porky’s Hare Hunt. In Roger Rabbit, the Bugs Bunny prototype also appears, as a separate character, and so we must assume them to be two different individuals with similar appearance and characteristics. So Bugs is not a spin-off character of Porky Pig. But he is. The prototype is named Happy Rabbit, and later got his own shorts where he faced a hunter who was a prototype for Elmer Fudd named Egghead. Egghead first appeared in Egghead rides again. Since Happy and Bugs are considered separate, Egghead is not Elmer, though some shorts with Happy and Egghead have been considered to be Bugs and Elmer. Elmer officially appeared in 1940’s Elmer’s Candid Camera. In that film short, Elmer clashed with Bug’s prototype Happy. This would seem to make Elmer a spin-off of Happy who is a spin-off of Porky, but I think it’s clear that history sees Elmer as a member of the Bugs Bunny Rogues Gallery, and thus any appearances of Elmer is a reference to the Bugs Bunny series. Another of Bugs’ rogues to appear is Yosemite Sam, who leaps over the wall dividing Toon Toon from Hollywood after his rear end catches fire. Sam first appeared in Super-Rabbit. Mama Bear appears. This is the Looney Tunes Mama Bear from the short Bugs Bunny and the Three Bears. In this short, the three bears are almost identical to the Goldilocks fairy tale, but they are not the same. They are, however, aware of the fairy tale, and though cartoon logic, assume that if they attempt to reenact the classic tale, a little girl will come along for them to eat. But Mama Bear is out of porridge and makes carrot soup instead, which instead lures Bugs. Another of Bugs’ rogues to appear is Marvin the Martian. It’s interesting that Marvin would be in Toontown in 1947 when Bugs wouldn’t meet Marvin until 1948 in Haredevil Hare. Though Marvin is most well known for matching wits with Bugs, he would also feature in Daffy’s fictional accounts of Duck Dodgers, and ironically, would later be a foe of Daffy when he actually takes on the role of Duck Dodgers. Another rogue to appears is Toro the Bull, from Bully for Bugs, a short from 1953, so at this point in Roger Rabbit, Bugs and Toro have not officially met yet. During Roger Rabbit, at one point, Eddie uses Bugs’ famous catchphrase, “What’s up, Doc?” Daffy Duck appears with Donald in a dueling pianists scene. Daffy is a spin-off character who comes from Porky’s series, debuting in 1937’s Porky’s Duck Hunt. However, Daffy is such a grandiose character that I feel it would be unbefitting him to not give him his own recognition as a series star in his own right, and so I am not considering his appearance here as a cross with Porky Pig, but with Daffy Duck. Only Daffy could make me break my own rules. Speaking of Porky Pig, Porky is one of the older of the famed Looney Tunes. He first debuted in 1935’s I Haven’t Got a Hat. He appears in Roger Rabbit, working in Toontown as a cop, and for seemingly the first time, ends a show with his famous stuttering “That’s all, folks!” This phrase seems to have evolved. Originally, Jerry the Troublesome Tyke’s cartoon’s ended with “And That’s All!” In 1929, Warner Brothers started ending their Bosko with “So long, Folks!” and in 1930, “That’s all, Folks!” was said by Bosko at the end of the short. Other characters used one of the two variations up until the late 1930s at the ends of Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies shorts, but Bugs would usually end with “And dat’s de end!” in his Brooklyn accent. It’s interesting to note Porky has a stutter because his original voice actor, Joe Dougherty, had a stutter, and it was easier to just go with it rather than edit it. Porky’s stutter so defined him that Mel Blanc continued it when he took over as Porky’s voice. Yoyo Dodo also appears, who originated from Porky in Wackyland. Wackyland may actually be the same 5th dimensional world that Mr. Mxyzptlk and Bat-Mite come from. Tweety and Sylvester both appear. Though I consider Tweety & Sylvester as a single series, the two originally started as separate series. Tweety first appeared in 1942’s a Tale of Two Kitties while Sylvester debuted in 1945’s Life with Feathers. The two first appeared together in 1947’s Tweetie Pie. Another Looney Tunes character to appear is Gracie the Fighting Kangaroo. Gracie is the mother of Hippety Hopper, and first appeared in Pop ‘Im Pop. This was also the appearance of Sylvester’s son, Sylvester Junior, and was part of a series of shorts to team up Sylvester and Hippety Hopper as adversaries, Sylvester mistaking the baby kangaroo for a giant mouse. Hippety first appeared in Hop, Look and Listen. Pop ‘Im Pop debuted in 1950 and Hop, Look and Listen in 1948. Roger Rabbit must take place before Hippety was born. Foghorn Leghorn also appears, who first appeared in 1946’s Walky Talky Hawky. Also appearing are the Goofy Gophers who first appeared in the short of the same name from 1947. The Road Runner appears, along with his nemesis, Wile E. Coyote. Both first appeared in 1949’s Fast and Furry-ous. Though they first appeared two years after Roger Rabbit is set, that doesn’t necessarily make any continuity conflicts. Their first short did not seem to be the first time the two have matched wits, so they may have lived out in the desert near Toontown for some time prior to their first short. One of the main characters of Who Framed Roger Rabbit is Marvin Acme. He is an original character from the film, but his character was the founder of the Acme Corporation, most famously known as the supplier of Wile E. Coyote’s various gadgets. In the real world, Acme first became a popular name for various businesses once the phone book was invented, in order to have their business listed first. Usually, this led to people ordering items, such as anvils, from catalogues that would bear the Acme logo. The first known appearance of Acme in fiction was in the 1920 silent film, Neighbors, with Buster Keaton. It has appeared numerous times in fiction. Since Acme is real, I don’t consider them all to be crossovers, unless it’s a clear crossover reference, such as in the case of Marvin Acme. Acme products have been used by Wile E. Coyote since his first appearance and at that point the name of Acme became most identified with Road Runner cartoons. Another connection between Roger Rabbit and the Road Runner happens at a scene at an Acme warehouse. One of the items is an animated black hole, that when place on a surface, actually becomes a real hole in that surface. This comes from the common animation gag of drawing a tunnel on a rock and making it a real tunnel, popularized in the Road Runner cartoons. Another Looney Tunes toon to appear who has super-speed abilities like the Road Runner is Speedy Gonzalez. Speedy first debuted in 1953’s Cat-Tails for Two, a parody of Of Mice and Men, with cat versions of Lennie and George. Speedy typically lives in Mexico, but apparently lived for a time in Toontown prior to his official debut. Speedy would later become a regular foe/partner in shorts with Daffy Duck and Sylvester. Marc Antony also appears. Marc Antony is a big bulldog, who is extremely protective of the cute little kitten Pussyfoot (sometimes also called Kitty or Cleo). The pair first appeared in 1952’s Feed the Kitty. This is when they first met, so it makes sense that Marc Antony is appearing in Roger Rabbit without his cute partner. Sam Sheepdog also appears, who was usually partnered up with Ralph Wolf in shorts. Ralph Wolf looks nearly identical to Wile E. Coyote, but they are not the same. They have different accents and speech patterns, and different colored eyes. They also have slightly different personalities. A Looney Tunes comic book from DC Comics revealed that Wile and Ralph are in fact cousins. Also appearing in Roger Rabbit is George the Fox, from Of Fox and Hounds. Of Fox and Hounds was also the debut of Willoughby the Dog. Michigan J. Frog also appears, who debuted in One Froggy Evening from 1955, thus this is his earliest chronological appearance. However, there is a continuity hiccup. In G.L. Gick’s story “The Werewolf of Rutherford Grange”, it’s revealed that Michigan was placed in that box and trapped in the building when it was build in the 1800s, and then discovered when the building was demolished in 1955. So this can’t be Michigan. One popular fan theory is that the frog seen, though intended to be Michigan, may actually be Fennimore Frog, from DC Comics’ Dodo and the Frog. Fennimore looks nearly identical to Michigan and it would explain away the continuity problem. Fennimore in fact first appeared in DC Comics in 1947, and was one of the more popular “funny stuff” characters at DC. In the 1980s, it was established that Fennimore existed on Earth-C, as part of the DC Multiverse. More recently, Earth-C has been renamed Earth-26, and is shown to still exist as part of DC’s New 52 multiverse. For the purposes of this book, we might assume that the Cartoon Universe and Earth-C/26 are not the same, but the pre-Captain Carrot Dodo and the Frog may have existed in both realities. Next we move into the characters who originated from MGM, though I believe they are now owned by Warner Bros. The first to discuss is Droopy. Droopy appears in Toontown operating an elevator. Droopy debuted in 1943’s Dumb-Hounded. The wolf from Dumb Hounded was meant to appear during the scene where Jessica Rabbit is performing, but it was cut. In Red Hot Riding Hood, it was revealed the wolf who was an adversary of Droopy was also the wolf from one variant version of Little Red Riding Hood that began in the traditional manner but then diverged into an alternate modernized retelling of the story. George, one half of the George and Junior team, appears. George and Junior were bears based on George and Lennie from Of Mice and Men. They debuted in 1946’s Henpecked Hoboes. The octopus from the George and Junior short Half-Pint Pygmy also appears in Roger Rabbit, working as a bartender. Since Half-Pint Pygmy was released in 1948, George and Junior have not yet encountered the octopus at this point. Screwy Squirrel appears in a framed picture on Lena Hyena’s wall and is also mentioned by a bar patron in Roger Rabbit. Screwy debuted in 1944’s Screwball Squirrel. Screwy’s adversary, Meathead Dog, also appears, sniffing around the Maroon Studios lot. Tom and Jerry were originally meant to appear, seen comforting each other at Marvin Acme’s funeral, but that scene was cut. However, since it was the writer’s and director’s intention to include them originally, I’m still counting appearance that were put in then cut as crossovers. Tom and Jerry debuted in 1940’s Puss Gets the Boot (where Tom was named Jasper and Jerry was named Jinx!) Another stronger connection between Tom and Jerry and Roger Rabbit occurs through the appearance of the witch from The Flying Sorceress, a Tom and Jerry short which was released in 1956, meaning the famous cat and mouse have not yet encountered her at this point. Spike also appears in Roger Rabbit. Spike is a supporting character in Tom and Jerry. He is a dog owned by the same family that owns Tom. Sometimes he is called Butch or just Bulldog. He has a son named Tyke. He first appeared in 1942’s Dog Trouble. Interestingly, his temporary name change to Butch occurred when Droopy gained a nemesis in 1949 named Spike who was nearly identical to Tom and Jerry’s Spike. Since that second Spike debuted in 1949, we can be assured that the Spike in Roger Rabbit is the one who debuted in 1942. The second Spike confusingly also was sometimes renamed Butch, and for a time spun off into his own series of shorts. Despite the shared name and appearance, they were separate characters. However, likely due to confusion from the next generation of animators, in the short lived 1980s Tom and Jerry Comedy Show, the two were conflated. Based on that, we could assume that both versions of Spike/Butch were always the same character, if not for Tom and Jerry: The Magic Ring and later Tom and Jerry movies in which the two dogs were again shown to be separate characters. So how then to explain that brief period of two years (1980 - 1982) when they were conflated? Since they were identical in almost every way, perhaps they were indeed identical brothers, one living a domesticated life with Tom and Jerry, while the other a more sinister path as Droopy’s constant adversary. In the Tom and Jerry Show, though seemingly the same character, he appeared in separate Tom and Jerry segments and Droopy segments, so it’s easy to presume the Tom and Jerry segments featured one brother and the Droopy segments featured the other. So which is Spike and which is Butch. It seems they both shared both names, but in the more recent canon, Tom’s pesky nemesis is named Butch and Droopy’s foe is named Spike. However, it’s safe to assume that whatever they were called, the characters they interacted with (Tom and Jerry or Droopy) determines which of the brothers we see. But in the Tom and Jerry films, they make clear that it’s Tom and Jerry’s friend and not Droopy’s foe, despite the bulldog’s interactions with Droopy. So that wraps up MGM. Let’s now discuss characters that originated from Paramount Pictures/Fleischer/Famous Studios. The company started off as Fleischer Studios, but when Paramount bought out the company in 1942, it was renamed Famous Studios. In 1956, it became Paramount Cartoon Studios. The first to discuss is Betty Boop. Boop oop a doop. (Sorry, couldn’t resist.) Betty Boop first appeared in 1930’s Dizzy Dishes. In Roger Rabbit, she is now working as a cigarette girl because she didn’t make the transition to color like other toons and so she has a hard time finding work in cartoons. In Roger Rabbit, she is still in black and white. Eddie Valiant, who prior to 1942, worked regularly in Toontown, seemed to be old friends with Betty, and though he hated most toons (due to one killing his brother), he was still extremely friendly to Betty. Wiffle Piffle also appears, who was one of the recurring antagonists in Betty Boop cartoons. Koko the Clown also appears, a character who debuted in 1919! His debut was in Out of the Inkwell, where the character would interact with his creator, Max Fleischer, another demonstration that toons were once aware of their fictionality, and that indeed the Cartoon Universe is a tulpa type reality brought to life based on the imaginations of people from the Live Action Universe. In the modern era, it seems that toons have lost their awareness of their relationship to the Live Action Universe, or at least they don’t talk about it as much. One very interesting cameo is that of the Noveltoons Joker, a jack-in-the-box that became the mascot of Noveltoons, and later Harvey Comics, starting in 1943. What’s interesting is the mascot only appeared as the opening logo for the cartoons, and on Harvey covers and in ads. Roger Rabbit is its only actual story appearance that I have found. Technically, though, and later entries will prove this point, even television commercials and print advertising has a place in the Cartoon Universe canon. Popeye also appears in the deleted scene at the funeral, along with Olive and Bluto. Popeye originated from the comic strip called Thimble Theatre. Thimble Theatre was a comic strip created in 1919, in which Popeye was first introduced in 1929. He soon became the star due to his popularity, and the strip was renamed after him. His first appearance in a cartoon was actually in the Betty Boop short Popeye the Sailor, in which Popeye literally came out to the comics and into the cartoon world. This would make the animated Popeye both an adaption of the comic strip, and a spin-off of Betty Boop, but due to his popularity and being the longest lived of the Fleischer Studios series, he does not get treated as a spin-off in this reference guide. The strip and cartoon, though similar, had enough differences to maintain that while the animated Popeye may exists in the Cartoon Universe, his comic version likely takes place in some alternate reality. In fact, his first animated appearance may have been that of his comic counterpart, considering the circumstances, with all his other animated appearances being that of the Cartoon Universe counterpart. Casper was also cut from his appearance at the funeral. The animated Casper is based on a children’s book from 1939. His first animated debut was in 1945. The cartoons made some changes from the book, so that we must consider the book to exist in some alternate reality. The Casper of the Cartoon Universe lives with other ghosts in a haunted house in the woods outside a community which is probably Toontown. He is actually not a dead human. In this case, ghosts are a separate supernatural species. Casper’s parents were also ghosts. The later Harvey Comics version is also a different reality. There, Casper lives in an Enchanted Forest, where fairytale characters exist. Likewise, the later live action films portray Casper as a dead boy named Casper McFadden, so these also take place in an alternate universe. (Note in the latter’s case, the live action films are referenced in my last book, the Horror Crossover Encyclopedia, as existing in the Horror Universe due to a crossover in the first of those films with Ghostbusters.) Superman also appears at the deleted funeral scene, comforting Mighty Mouse. This is the Fleischer Studios version of Superman. For the purposes of this reference guide, every different variation of Superman will be considered as a separate series, whether in animation or other mediums. Roger Rabbit only brings in at this time the version from the 1940s Fleischer/Famous shorts. This version of Superman originally could not fly, but by the end of the series could. He operated out of Manhattan rather than Metropolis. Other later entries (meaning post 1940s era, so you may have already read them if you are reading this in release date order) will reveal other versions of Superman existing in the same Cartoon Universe, while others seem to exist in alternate realities. The Superman of the various series tied to the main Cartoon Universe, whether it be from the Fleischer shorts, the New Adventures of Superman, the Super Friends, the 1988 Superman, or various cameos and guest appearances in other cartoons, are all the same Superman. While in my previous work with the Horror Universe (and before that the Television Crossover Universe), continuity was very important. In the Cartoon Universe, it’s been demonstrated that this is a reality with very flexible rules. Thus, it’s very possible that the characteristics of Superman could change over time, and seem different when viewed from the perspectives of different characters and communities of the Cartoon Universe. So the Superman appearing (almost) in Roger Rabbit could indeed be the same Superman who pops up from time to time in Family Guy! As we get to more Superman cartoon appearances, I will explore this issue some more. The Fox and the Crow are the only crossover from Columbia Pictures...and their scene was cut. They were to appear in Toontown when Eddie is looking for Jessica. But the crossover is still valid, so we can discuss them. They first appeared in 1941 in a modernized adaptation of the Aesop fairy tale. The duo continued to appear into shorts until 1950, but their legacy lasted even longer in comics. DC Comics gained the license for the characters and started the Fox and Crow as a comic series starting in 1945, when the golden age of super-heroes was dying down and being replaced by funny animals and westerns. The characters continued to be published by DC well into the 1960s. They would still continue to be referenced (as fictional) within the main DC Universe for decades after. Unlike with Popeye and Casper, the Fox and the Crow comic does seem to be the same version as the cartoons and so fits nicely in the Cartoon Universe. It should be noted that while DC Comics has established Earth-C (later Earth-26) as the home of their funny animal characters, the Fox and the Crow were never actually demonstrated to exist on Earth-C (26) until the Captain Carrot mini-series The Final Arc, a tie in to their Final Crisis series. There, they were shown to be part of Earth-26, the New 52 version of Earth-C. Earth-26 still exists as demonstrated by the recent Multiversity mini-series. Since the New 52 is a self-contained multiverse with a specific group of 52 alternate realities, it does not necessarily work with the Cartoon Multiverse. Which is good, because Earth-C/26 is a demonstratively different reality than the Cartoon Universe. Likely, the Cartoon Multiverse and DC’s New 52 are both multiverses within a larger Omniverse. Moving on to Universal Studios/Walter Lantz, we have an appearance by Woody Woodpecker, who first debuted in 1940’s Knock Knock. Buzz Buzzard is also seen. Though a recurring foe of Woody, at the time in which Roger Rabbit is set, Woody and Buzz (hey, Woody and Buzz, get it? Toy Story) have not yet crossed paths. Buzz first appeared in the 1948 Woody short Wet Blanket Policy. Papa Panda also appears, the father of Andy Panda. Both Andy and Papa debuted in Life Begins for Andy Panda in 1939. Chilly Willy is also mentioned by a man in the bar who is mocking Eddie’s clientele. Chilly Willy didn’t debut until 1953, but apparently he was still well known in Hollywood in 1947 to get referenced by the man in the bar. The bar patron also mentions Dinky Doodle, who first appeared in 1924. He also refers to Bo Peep. Bo Peep is of course a nursery rhyme, but since he’s referring to toons, it’s likely he means the Bo Peep from 1942’s Mother Goose on the Loose. Next we move on to Terrytoons, starting with Mighty Mouse, who was part of the cut funeral scene, where he was comforting Superman. Technically, Mighty Mouse first appeared, as Super Mouse, in 1942’s Mouse of Tomorrow. He was renamed Mighty Mouse in 1944’s The Wreck of the Hesperus. The Mighty Mouse comic book from Marvel Comics in the 1990s however made canon that Super Mouse was actually an alternate Earth doppelganger of Mighty Mouse. They were two distinct characters, much like the difference between the golden age/Earth-2 Superman and his later silver age/Earth-1 counterpart. Super Mouse is nicknamed Terry the First, and he doesn’t talk, while on the other hand, Mighty Mouse tends to sing...a lot. Both characters have had numerous varied origin stories, any of which could be correct given the nature of how the Cartoon Universe works. Heckle and Jeckle also appear, for debuted in 1946’s The Talking Magpies. The Temperamental Lion, from the 1939 short of the same name, appears in the final scene of Roger Rabbit. Thus far, all the crosses we’ve discussed make sense for an animated crossover story set in 1947. The next crossover to discuss seems more forced than logical. It’s like they said, “Hey, they gave us permission, so let’s do it. Who cares if it makes sense.” I’m talking about Garfield, who makes a “blink and you’ll miss him” cameo. Garfield. Yes, Garfield. He hates Mondays and historical continuity. He loves lasagna and illogical cameos. Garfield first appeared in a comic strip by Jim Davis in 1978. His leap to animation was 1982’s Here Comes Garfield. His animated appearances mostly fit perfectly in the same continuity as the comic strip, so both are considered part of the same canon. So why is Garfield in 1947 Toontown? How is Garfield in 1947 Toontown? Toons do age much slower than people in the real world, or even the Live Action Universe, so it could be Garfield is that old, and this is his earliest chronological appearance. But time travel seems to at times be relatively easy in the Cartoon Universe as well. And it doesn’t even have to make sense. So this may be 1988 Garfield popping back to 1947 for the sole purpose of making a cameo? So which is it? Doesn’t matter. All that matters is that Garfield is there, and thus Garfield is brought into the Cartoon Universe. Finally from Terry Toons is Gandy Goose. Gandy first appeared in 1938’s The Owl and the Pussycat and was often teamed with Sourpuss. From King Features Syndicate, only Felix the Cat is representing. Felix first appeared in 1919’s Feline Follies. United Features Syndicate also only has one representative, and that is Li’l Abner. Li’l Abner started as a comic strip, created by Al Capp, that began in 1934. In 1944, he transitioned to animated shorts that didn’t contradict the comic strip, thus we can conclude his appearance brings in both the strip and shorts as part of the same canon. The final group to discuss are the characters from Hanna-Barbera. Only two make it into Roger Rabbit, and both anachronistic. The first is Yakky Doodle. Yakky did have his own series, but he was a spin-off character, first appearing in an Augie Doggie and Doggie Daddy segment of the Quick Draw McGraw Show in 1959. The other is Scooby-Doo! (Exclamation point apparently required.) Scooby first appeared in 1969 in television’s Scooby-Doo, Where are You! The same explanations apply as for Garfield. I do understand that Hanna-Barbera did not take off as a studio in its own right until 1957, but is one of the major classic animation studios, and so they felt it needed some representation.
1966 to 1970--THE NEW ADVENTURES OF SUPERMAN--Superman (Clark Kent) takes on old foes and new. NOTES: THIS ANIMATED SERIES WAS A CONTINUATION OF THE ADVENTURES OF SUPERMAN, AND THIS SERIES WAS A PRECURSOR TO THE SUPERFRIENDS.
SESAME STREET (LIVE ACTION TELEVISION SERIES)
Release Date: July 1969 - Ongoing at time of writing
Series: Sesame Street
The Story: Sesame Street is a neighborhood in New York City where humans interact with muppets, monsters, and talking animals. Usually, topics of conversation are letters, numbers, and concepts like cooperation.
Notes: This series takes place for the most part in the Live Action Universe. I had put a lot of thought into whether to include puppetry series as animated series that counted as crossover connections, but the consensus of my consulting think tank was that puppets shouldn’t count. (This from the same group that convinced me video games should count.) On Sesame Street, there have been numerous guest animated shorts, that are not technically part of the Sesame Street canon, but rather were self-contained. Many of these in fact were continuations of other series canon, but since they are stand-alone, they were not crossovers and thus don’t get write-ups. Some of these cartoons included the New Adventures of Batman, The New Adventures of Superman, The Archie Show, and Beetle Bailey. There have been numerous others as well.
1971--James Craddock comes back to life as a ghost. The Martian Manhunter leaves Earth when Mars became desolate to help his people search for a new world. In late 1971, shortly after the Martian Manhunter had left Earth, a group of the Leaguers gathered together and decide to call themselves Super Friends. This is another significant departure from the parallel universe of Earth-One. The name stuck for years, and over time, the name Superfriends was used to describe all members of the Justice League of America. In the first issue of the Super Friends comic book, E. Nelson Bridwell makes it very clear that the Super Friends are sort of a volunteer organization, under the umbrella of the Justice League of America. The founding members of the Justice League's Super Friends organization consisted of Aquaman,Batman,Robin, Superman, Wonder Woman, Hawkman, the Flash, Green Lantern, Black Vulcan And Samurai. The formation of team and members depicted in the Season 3 episode, History of Doom.
1972--THE BRADY KIDS--"That Was No Worthy Opponent, That Was My Sister"--Superman and Wonder Woman meet the Brady Kids. This is a precursor to Superfriends.
1972--Superman and Wonder Woman return Gentleman Ghost to the grave. The team moves their headquarters from the secret cave to the Hall of Justice, located in Gotham City. The Hall was equipped with an advanced communications network and "Trouble Alert" system (TroubAlert). They maintained a relationship with important government officials such as Colonel Wilcox, who often alerted the Super Friends to various global threats, including alien invasions. In the parallel universe of Earth-One the Justice League's headquarters were an orbiting satellite. This was depicted in Justice League of America, Vol. 1 #78 (February, 1970) found at the DC Database. Early on, the weekly meetings only consisted of Superman, Wonder Woman, Aquaman, Batman and Robin.
September 1973--SNEEK PEEK--Superman, Batman, Bugs Bunny, Lassie...yeah, it's a crossover.
Super Friends/Super Powers Team (1973 - 1986)
- This was a cartoon that ran in various incarnations for 13 seasons.
- There was also a comic book tie-in that was for a time considered to be part of Earth-1 canon.
- According to the comic, the Super Friends was created as a youth training program. Marvin and Wendy were the first two candidates, later replaced by Zan and Jayna. Superman, Wonder Woman, Batman, Robin and Aquaman were instructors due to their experience as teen heroes. The Super Friends were part of the Justice League of America.
1978--LUPIN THE THIRD: THE SECRET OF MAMO--Salvatore Cucinotta says: Well, here's a weird bit. In a "Batman vs. Lupin III" thread, someone linked an image of Lupin in a picture with Batman, Robin, Wonder Woman, Superman and Aquaman. It comes from the Lupin film "The Mystery of Mamo", 1 hour, 16 minutes, 40 seconds in. Currently available to watch on Hulu.
DC COMICS PRESENTS # 47 “FROM ETERNIA -- WITH DEATH!” (DC COMICS)
Release Date: July 1982
Series: Superman (Silver Age); He-Man and the Masters of the Universe
The Story: Superman is drawn from his world to Eternia, a planet in an alternate universe, where he becomes a pawn in Skeletor's quest to take Castle Greyskull.
Notes: This team-up was a pilot for the Masters of the Universe mini-series, a four issue DC Comics mini-series that included a preview story that was inserted into many DC titles. The preview also featured Superman, but that main mini-series did not have Superman. This DC version came before the animated series, and was based on the initial mythos created for the toyline. However, much of the mythos presented here for He-Man and the Master of the Universe still fits into the later animated series canon. Eternia was said to exist in a separate reality within the DC multiverse. He-Man’s mother may have came from Earth of that alternate reality or Eternia may in fact be the alternate Earth, in which case He-Man’s mother may have been meant to come from DC’s Earth-1. For our purposes, since the Super Friends implies most of the silver age Superman mythology is in their continuity, we can assume that the Superman of this story is the Cartoon Universe Superman, that He-Man’s mother comes from the Cartoon Universe, and that Eternia is part of the Cartoon Multiverse.
1988--SUPERMAN-This animated adventure may be a divergent timeline. There is a crossover, so it earns a place here.
1988--SUPERMAN--Matt Hickman says: Here's something I noticed in the SuperMan 1988 episode “Cybron Strikes”. Superman fights a cyborg from the future named Cybron obviously. Then in the 1995-1996 animated series Sky Surfer Strike Force, the main bad guy is a cyborg name Cybron. Now granted they look different and the Cybron on the Superman show acts less human and has Different powers from the one on Sky Surfer Strike Force and looks different but Perhaps he upgraded himself like he's actually Cybron 3.0 or something. Plus on the Superman show they never say what year Cybron came from. On Skysurfer we never see his final defeat. Plus both shows are Ruby-Spears Productions.
TINY TOON ADVENTURES: HOW I SPENT MY VACATION (ANIMATED FILM)
Release Date: March 11, 1992
Series: Tiny Toon Adventures
Other Crosses: Superman
The Story: All the Tiny Toons go on summer vacations.
Notes: When Superman saves Buster and Babs from falling, they tell him to go make his own direct-to-video movie.
CARTOON NETWORK (COMMERCIALS)
Release Date: October 1, 1992 - ongoing at time of writing
Series: Cartoon Network
Animated Series Crosses: The Addams Family (Animated); The Addams Family (1992 Animated Revival); Adventures of Aquaman; Adventures of Gulliver; Adventure Time; Almost Naked Animals; Alvin and the Chipmunks; Amazing Chan and the Chan Clan; Amazing Spiez!; The Amazing World of Gumball; Angelo Rules; Animaniacs; Aqua Teen Hunger Force; Arabian Knights; Astro Boy; Atom Ant; Atomic Betty; Augie Doggie and Doggie Daddy; Baby Looney Tunes; B.A.E.: The Bremen Avenue Experience; Bakugan; Banana Splits; Barney Bear; Batman Beyond; Batman: The Animated Series; Batman: The Brave and the Bold; Battle of the Planets; Beany and Cecil; Beetlejuice (Animated); Ben 10; Beware the Batman; Beyblade; Big Baby; Big Bag; The Big O; Birdman; Blue Dragon; Bob Clampett Show; Bobobo-bo Bo-bobo; Bomberman Jetters; The Brak Show; Breezly and Sneezly; Buford and the Galloping Ghost; Bugs Bunny; Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kids (Animated); Calling Cat-22!; Camp Lazlo; Capitol Critters; The Captain and the Kids; Captain Caveman; Captain Planet; Cardcaptors; Cartoon Cartoon(s)/What a Cartoon!; Cartoon Planet; Casper and the Angels; Casper’s Scare School; Cattanooga Cats; Cave Kids; CB Bears; Centurions; Chaotic; Chop Socky Chooks; Chuck Jones Show; Chuck Norris: Karate Kommandos; Clarence; Clue Club; Code Lyoko; Codename: Kids Next Door; Courage the Cowardly Dog; Cow and Chicken; The Cramp Twins; Cyborg 009; Daffy Duck; Dastardly and Muttley in Their Flying Machines; DC Nation; Dennis the Menace (1986 Animated); Detentionaire; Deviln; Dexter’s Laboratory; D.I.C.E.; Dingbat; Dink, the Little Dinosaur; Dino Boy; Don Coyote; Dragon Ball Z; Dragon Hunters; Droopy; Duck Dodgers; Dudley Do-Right; Duel Masters; Dynomutt; Ed, Edd n Eddy; Ed Grimley; Evil Con Carne; Fangface; Fantastic Four (1992 Cartoon); Fantastic Four: World’s Greatest Heroes (2006 Cartoon); Fantastic Max; Fantastic Voyages of Sinbad the Sailor (1996 Cartoon); Firehouse Tales; Flintstone Kids; Flintstones; Foster’s Home for Imaginary Friends; Frankenstein, Jr. (Hanna-Barbera); Freakazoid!; Funky Phantom; Galaxy Goof-Ups; Galaxy Trio; Galtar and the Golden Lance; Garfield; Gary Coleman Show; Generator Rex; George of the Jungle; George of the Jungle (2007 reboot); Gerald McBoing-Boing; G-Force: Guardians of Space (Reboot of Battle of the Planets); G.I. Joe; GoBots; Godzilla (1990s Cartoon); Goober and the Ghost Chasers; Gordon the Garden Gnome; Gormiti; Grape Ape; Green Lantern: The Animated Series; The Grim Adventures of Billy & Mandy; Grojband; Gumby; Gundam; .hack; Hamtaro; Harlem Globetrotters (Animated); Harry and His Bucket Full of Dinosaurs; Harvey Birdman, Attorney at Law; Heathcliff; Help!... It’s the Hair Bear Bunch; He-Man and the Masters of the Universe; Herculoids; Hero: 108; The High Fructose Adventures of Annoying Orange; Hi Hi Puffy AmiYumi; Hillbilly Bears; Hokey Wolf; Hong Kong Phooey; Hot Dog TV; Hot Wheels; How To Train Your Dragon; Huckleberry Hound; I am Weasel; Idaten Jump; Immortal Grand Prix; Impossibles (Hanna-Barbera); Inch High, Private Eye; Jabberjaw; Jackie Chan Adventures; James Bond Jr.; Jetsons; Johnny Bravo; Johnny Test; Jonny Quest; Josie and the Pussycats; Justice League; Knights of the Zodiac; Krypto the Superdog; Kwicky Koala Show; La’Antz and Derek; Laff-A-Lympics; Land Before Time; Late Night Black & White; League of Super Evil; Legends of Chima; Lego Ninjago; The Life and Times of Juniper Lee; Lippy the Lion & Hardy Har Har; Li’l Abner; Little Robots; Long Live the Royals; Looney Tunes; The Looney Tunes Show; Loopy De Loop; MAD; Magilla Gorilla; MAR; Marmaduke; Martian Successor Nadesico; The Marvelous Misadventures of Flapjack; Max Steel; Mega Man; Megas XLR; MetaJets; Midnight Patrol; Mighty Magiswords; Mighty Man and Yukk; Mighty Mightor; Mike, Lu & Og; Mr. Men Show; Mister T; Mixels; Moby Dick (Cartoon); Motormouse and Autocat; The Moxy Show; !Mucha Lucha!; Mumbly; My Gym Partner’s a Monkey; Nacho Bear; Naruto; Neon Genesis Evangelion; New Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1992 Animated); Ninja Robots; O Canada; One Piece; Outlaw Star; Over the Garden Wall; Ozzy & Drix; Pac-Man; Paw Paws; Pecola; Pepe Le Pew; Peppa Pig; Perils of Penelope Pitstop; Pet Alien; Peter Potamus; Pink Panther; Pirates of Dark Water; Pixie and Dixie and Mr. Jinks; Pokemon; Popeye; Porky Pig; Pound Puppies; Powerpuff Girls; Precious Pupp; Prince of Tennis; Princess Natasha; The Problem Solverz; Punkin’ Puss & Mushmouse; A Pup Named Scooby-Doo; Quick Draw McGraw; Rad Roach; Rave Master; Real Adventures of Jonny Quest; ReBoot; Redakai; Regular Show; Rescue Heroes; Richie Rich; Ricochet Rabbit & Droop-a-Long; Road Rovers; Road Runner; Robotboy; Robotech; Robotomy; Rocket Jo; Rocky and Bullwinkle; Roger Ramjet; Roman Holidays; Ronin Warriors; Ruff and Reddy Show; Run It Back; Rurouni Kenshin; Sailor Moon; Samurai Jack; Scan2Go; Scaredy Squirrel; Scooby-Doo!; Scooby-Doo! Mystery Incorporated; Screwy Squirrel; Sealab 2020; Secret Mountain Fort Awesome; The Secret Saturdays; Secret Squirrel; Shazzan; Sheep in the Big City; Shirt Tales; Shmoo; Sidekick; Silverhawks; Sitting Ducks; 6teen; Skatebirds; Skunk Fu!; Sky Commanders; Small World; Smurfs; Snagglepuss; Snooper and Blabber; Snorks; Sonic the Hedgehog; Space Ace; Space Ghost; Space Ghost Coast to Coast; Space Kidettes; Space Stars; Speed Buggy; Speed Racer; Spliced; Squiddly Diddly; Squirrel Boy; Star Wars: Clone Wars; Static Shock; Steven Universe; Stoked!; Storm Hawks; Sunday Pants; Super Chicken; Super Friends; Super Hero Squad Show; Superman: The Animated Series; Supernoobs; The Swashbuckling Perils of the Adventures of the Men & Jeremy; SWAT Kats; Sym-Bionic Titan; The Talented Mr. Bixby; Taz-Mania; Team Galaxy; Teddy Blue Eyes; Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (2003); Teen Titans; Teen Titans Go!; Tenchi; Tenkai Knights; Tennessee Tuxedo; Tex Avery Show; The Batman; These Are the Days; Thundarr the Barbarian; ThunderCats; ThunderCats (2011); Time Squad; Tiny Toon Adventures; Tom and Jerry; Tom and Jerry Kids; Toonami; ToonHeads; Top Cat; Total Drama; Totally Spies!; Touche Turtle and Dum Dum; Track Rats; Transformers: Armada; Transformers: Beast Wars; Transformers: Cybertron; Transformers: Energon; Transformers: Robots in Disguise; Tweety and Sylvester; 2 Stupid Dogs; Uncle Grandpa; Underdog; Valley of the Dinosaurs; Voltron; Wacky Races; Wait Till Your Father Gets Home; Wally Gator; Waynehead; We Bare Bears; Wedgies; What a Cartoon!; Whatever Happened To… Robot Jones?; Wheelie and the Chopper Bunch; Where’s Huddles?; Wildfire; Winsome Witch; Winx Club; Woody Woodpecker; Wulin Warriors; Xiaolin Showdown; X-Men: Evolution; Yakky Doodle; Yippee, Yappee and Yahooey; Yogi Bear; Yoko! Jakamoko! Toto!; Young Justice; Young Robin Hood; Young Samson; Yu-Gi-Oh!; YuYu Hakusho; Zatch Bell!; Zixx; Zoids
Other Crosses: Bobb’e Says; BrainRush; Destroy Build Destroy; Dude, What Would Happen; Goosebumps; Hole in the Wall; Incredible Crew; Level Up; My Dad’s a Pro; The Othersiders; Out of Jimmy’s Head; Re: Evolution of Sports; Run It Back; Slamball; Survive This; 10 Count; Thumb Wrestling Federation; Tower Prep; Unnatural History
The Story: Several short stories featuring numerous Cartoon Network characters, original and acquired, in various shared reality segments.
Notes: Since its inception, Cartoon Network has run numerous promos that featured it’s original characters and acquired properties in original short segments that demonstrate that everything seen on Cartoon Network, original or reruns from other networks, takes place in the same shared reality. Most of the segments take place at the Cartoon Network studios, or the town the studio is set in, which seems to be Townsville from the Powerpuff Girls. I conjecture that Townsville is nearby Los Angeles and Toontown. However, there is evidence elsewhere, in Phineas and Ferb, that Townsville is part of the same Tri-State Area as Dansville from Phineas and Ferb. There are several areas in the United States that are known as the Tri-State area, and California is not in any known “tri-state area”. Note that some of the series above are not part of the main Cartoon Universe. Also, some of these series exist in the past for future. Clearly Cartoon Network has access to travel between time and alternate realities.
KIDS’ WB (COMMERCIALS)
Release Date: 1995 - 2008
Animated Series Crosses: Animaniacs; Baby Looney Tunes; The Batman; Batman: The Animated Series; Batman Beyond; Bugs Bunny; Daffy Duck; Looney Tunes; Tweety & Sylvester; Pinky and the Brain; Tiny Toon Adventures; Coconut Fred’s Fruit Salad Island; Detention; Freakazoid!; Histeria!; Johnny Test; Krypto the Superdog; Legion of Super Heroes; Loonatics Unleashed; Monster Allergy; !Mucha Lucha!; Superman: The Animated Series; Ozzy & Drix; Road Rovers; Scooby-Doo!; Static Shock; Teen Titans; Tom and Jerry; Waynehead; Xiaolin Showdown; The Zeta Project; Codename: Kids Next Door; Foster’s Home For Imaginary Friends; The Powerpuff Girls; Captain Planet; Channel Umptee-3; Generation O!; Jackie Chan Adventures; Men in Black (Animated); Phantom Investigators; Spectacular Spider-Man; Pokemon; Cubix; Yu-Gi-Oh!; Astro Boy; Cardcaptor Sakura; Dragon Ball Z; MegaMan NT Warrior; Sailor Moon; Spider Riders; Transformers: Cybertron; Viewtiful Joe; X-Men: Evolution; World of Quest; Magi-Nation; Will and Dewitt; Brats of the Lost Nebula; Da Boom Crew; Earthworm Jim; Eon Kid; Invasion America; Legend of Calamity Jane; Max Steel; Mummy (Animated); Rescue Heroes; Skunk Fu!
Other Crosses: The Nightmare Room
The Story: Various scenarios. See notes.
Notes: Kids’ WB promos often showed original animation that featured characters from their various programs interacting with each other in a shared universe. Thus, all Kids’ WB programs can be presumed to exist within the Cartoon Universe. One major glitch to this is that some of these shows are clearly not in the same reality. For instance, The Batman is listed above, but the DC Animated Universe that began with Batman: The Animated Series is also there. This can be explained. The Cartoon Multiverse is a series of divergent timelines. In the Justice League Unlimited episode “The Once and Future Thing”, Chronos went back to the dawn of time, the moment from DC continuity where a single universe split into an infinite multiverse. During that episode, Chronos’ constant time travel interference caused the timeline to continuously shift. For example, at one point, John Stewart, the Green Lantern of the DCAU, was replaced by Hal Jordan, who was Green Lantern in the comics and on Super Friends, but never in the DCAU. The Super Friends exists in the main Cartoon Universe timeline (Earth-1A), but whenever we see other versions of DC characters, such as from Batman: the Animated Series or The Batman, we should blame Chronos for a temporary shifting of the timeline. The same premise should be applied to other series like Spectacular Spider-Man (which doesn’t sync with the main Cartoon Universe timeline) or certain reboots like Transformers: Cybertron.
May 1998--SIMPSONS--"Lost Our Lisa"--When Homer believes he is about to be killed, he prays for SUPERMAN to save him. He survives, though there is no intervention from the man of steel.
SPIDER-MAN: THE GATHERING OF THE SINISTER SIX (NOVEL BY ADAM-TROY CASTRO)
Release Date: March 1, 1999
Animated Series Crosses: Scooby-Doo!; Jackie Chan Adventures; Carmen Sandiego
Other Crosses: Invaders; Captain America; Human Torch (golden age); Sub-Mariner; Casablanca; Hulk; Terry and the Pirates; Silence of the Lambs/Hannibal; Fargo; Trading Places/Coming to America; The Great Race; North by Northwest; Indiana Jones; Marathon Man; Smilin’ Jack; Iron Man; Sherlock Holmes; Die Hard; Fu Manchu; James Bond; Superman; Law & Order; Ellery Queen; Batman; Usual Suspects; Unbreakable; Maltese Falcon; NYPD Blue
The Story: A new Sinister Six is formed.
Notes: Because of the appearance of the Mystery, Inc team, and not as 40-somethings, this must be the team from the newer animated films that started with Scooby-Doo on Zombie Island. This film series continues with all the previous animated series as canon. In Zombie Island, the gang are all adults, post college. Velma has a Master’s degree. The team had split up and in Zombie Island are reunited. So the “kids” here are now in the mid-20s, in a time period that is contemporary with release dates based on pop culture and technology. And indeed, it must be placed in the main Cartoon Universe timeline. Thus,Spider-Man: Gathering of the Sinister Six should be placed in that main Cartoon Universe timeline. This then brings the Jackie Chan Adventures and Carmen Sandiego into the Cartoon Universe. Though this novel was written for the Marvel Universe, the inclusion of of Scooby-Doo allows us to also place it in the Cartoon Universe. The Spider-Man of the Cartoon Universe is similar to his Marvel Universe counterpart, but they have not had exactly the same life and adventures. Similarly,all the other listed crosses from outside animation are not exactly the same as their original sources, but are merely Cartoon Universe counterparts.
FAMILY GUY (ANIMATED SERIES)
SEASON 2 EPISODE 2 “HOLY CRAP”
Release Date: September 30, 1999
Other Crosses: Cool Hand Luke; Wizard of Oz; Brady Bunch
Cutaway Crosses: Love Boat; Superman; Sanford and Son
Non-Crosses: Dick Van Dyke Show
The Story: Peter’s father comes to visit and makes everyone miserable with his religious self-righteousness, so Peter kidnaps the pope in hopes that His Eminence can help convince Peter’s dad that Peter is a good father.
Notes: Other Crosses: While driving the “Popemobile”, Peter passes the chain gang from Cool Hand Luke, implying a version of that film exists within the Cartoon Universe, taking place in the 1990s, and is set in New England. The Scarecrow and Tin Man from the Wizard of Oz appear in Peter’s living room, in a scene that mirrors the ending where Dorothy says goodbye. Only instead of the Cowardly Lion, actress Kristy McNichol is there. The Brady kids run down the stairs at the Griffin home when an orchestra plays their theme. Cutaway Crosses: When Brian mentions the scene from the Bible where Abraham almost kills Isaac, a cutaway shows Abraham Lincoln attempting to kill Isaac from the Love Boat. I don’t consider this to be canonical for the Cartoon Universe. Also not canon is the scene in which Peter imagines himself in Hell. Superman is there, having killed a prostitute for making fun of his being faster than a speeding bullet. Fortunately, since this scene was imagined by Peter, it doesn’t count as part of Cartoon Universe canon. Another cutaway shows Peter and his father replacing Lamont and Fred on Sanford and Son. Non-Crosses: An alternate opening to the Dick Van Dyke Show is seen.
SUPERMAN & BUGS BUNNY # 1 - 4 (DC COMICS)
Release Date: July - October 2000
Series: Superman (Post-Crisis); Bugs Bunny
Animated Series Crosses: Looney Tunes; Porky Pig; Road Runner; Speedy Gonzales; Tweety and Sylvester; Foghorn Leghorn; Daffy Duck; Pepe Le Pew; One Froggy Evening
Other Crosses: JLA; Martian Manhunter; Flash; Batman (Post-Crisis); Wonder Woman (Post-Crisis); Plastic Man; Green Lantern; Aquaman (Post-Crisis); Green Arrow
The Story: While Mr. Mxyzptlk is being sent back to his 5th dimension from the DC Universe, he encounters the Dodo, who is returning to Wackyland from the Looniverse. The two conspire to team-up and merge the universe of Superman and his Justice League with that of the Looney Tunes. The Justice League and Looney Tunes work Together to save both worlds.
Notes: When this was published, it was official canon for both the DC Universe and Looney Tunes. DC was operating under the Hypertime concept where the main DC Universe was the central timeline and other realities were part of Hypertime. This series first used the term ”Looniverse” to describe the reality of the Looney Tunes. In 2001, an unreleased Tiny Toon Adventures video game would also use the term, cementing it as official canon. A lot of useful information comes from this series. We learn that DC Comics are published as fiction in the Looniverse. We learn that Looney Tunes shorts set in historical settings actually feature the ancestors of the Looney Tunes characters. We learn that both Speedy Gonzales and the Road Runner are faster than the Flash even when he uses the Speed Force. When the story ends, everyone returns to their proper settings, except for the Dodo and Michigan J. Frog, who both stay in the DC Universe! Michigan would die in 2005, and had been working for the WB Network as mascot since 1995, so there are two possibilities. Either his stay in the DCU didn’t last long, or else he actually had migrated to the DCU much earlier, perhaps in 1994’s reality altering Zero Hour event, and his work for the WB had been in the DC Universe all along! In 2011, this version of the DC Universe (and Hypertime) allegedly ceased to exist, but DC continued to publish Looney Tunes comics, which continued to fit with the Looney Tunes canon of the Looniverse, which at this point you may have figured we have been calling the Cartoon Universe. Recently, the universe in which the Superman and Justice League of this team-up existed has been shown to still exist as part of the New 52 multiverse, with other DC titles, like Looney Tunes, said to exist “beyond the 52”. So it seems like from DC’s perspective, this story could still have happened. And it doesn’t make sense for us to consider our Cartoon Universe version to not be the same Looniverse. My theory is that the Looniverse of this story was indeed the Cartoon Universe, of the greater Cartoon Multiverse, a multiverse that exists “beyond the 52” in a larger “megaverse” and “omniverse”. So Bugs and pals in this case interacted with one of the universes of DC’s New 52 multiverse.
FAMILY GUY (ANIMATED SERIES)
SEASON 3 EPISODE 7 “LETHAL WEAPONS”
Release Date: August 22, 2001
Animates Series Crosses: Peanuts
Other Crosses: Superman (Christopher Reeve film series)
Non-Crosses: Mary Poppins; Speed
The Story: Lois takes Tae Jitsu classes, but her newfound fighting power turns her into a bully.
Notes: Animated Series Crosses: When Lucy Van Pelt pulls the football away from Lois as she often does with Charlie Brown, Lois kicks Lucy in the face. Other Crosses: At the bar, Peter makes a rude remark about Krypton, which angers Zod, Ursa, and Non, and sends them back to the Phantom Zone. Note though based on Superman II, these are the Cartoon Universe versions of the villains. It could be that the Cartoon Universe Superman had an adventure as some point in his history similar to the events of Superman II. Non-Crosses: An alternate version of Mary Poppins is seen in a cutaway that doesn’t exist in the real world. Peter watches a sequel to Speed that does not exist in the real world.
THUNDERCATS/SUPERMAN (WILDSTORM/DC COMICS)
Release Date: January 2004
Series: Thundercats; Superman (Post-Crisis)
The Story: Mumm-Ra learns that a second Eye of Thundera exists in another dimension. More specifically, it is in a museum in Metropolis, home of Superman. The Thundercats end up in Metropolis and encounter Superman. Eventually they work together after the usual fight due to misunderstanding.
Notes: The Thundercats come from an alternate dimension. More specifically, they travel from a hypertimlineline called “Third Earth” to the Central Timeline of the DC Universe. For our purposes, we don’t have to modify this. It’s been demonstrated that the DC Hypertime and Cartoon Multiverse Hypertime may be the same. Its interesting to note that the Thundercats are fictional toys and cartoons within the DCU just as they are in the real world. Also, even though we hear them speaking English in the cartoon, in fact it’s revealed they are speaking a different alien language. It is this language barrier that contributes to the initial misunderstanding and fight when the Thundercats encounter Superman. This is not the Cartoon Universe Superman, but rather his alternate reality doppelganger from what was the mainstream DC Universe in the “post-crisis” era that ran from 1986 to 2011. This version of the DC Universe was thought destroyed but DC’s Convergence series has recently revealed that the former DC Universe of that era still existed and can be accessed via a place called Vanishing Point, that exists outside of time and space, and was once the headquarters of the Linear Men.
DRAWN TOGETHER (ANIMATED SERIES)
Release Date: October 27, 2004 - November 14, 2007
Series: Drawn Together
Animated Series Crosses: Roger Rabbit
The Story: A reality show, with cartoon characters. This show features cartoon archetypes, who show us how cartoons behave behind the scenes.
Notes: The Drawn Together house is in Toontown, making each episode a crossover with Who Framed Roger Rabbit. As noted above, all the housemates are animation archetypes. Captain Hero is a super-hero drawn in the style of the DC Animated Universe that includes Batman: the Animated Series, Superman: the Animated Series, and Justice League. Wooldoor Sockbat is a character who resembles Spongebob, but also has characteristics of classic characters like Bugs Bunny. Princess Clara is a Disney Princess. Foxy Love is a former mystery solving teen musician, in the tradition of Scooby-Doo and Josie and the Pussycats. Toot Braunstein is a parody of classic black and white animated shorts, particularly Betty Boop. Xandir is a video game character modeled after Link from the Legend of Zelda. Spanky Ham is an internet comic/meme. And finally, Ling-Ling is a Pokemon, inspired by Pikachu. Every episode of Drawn Together was filled with crossovers, albeit with adult themes, that reinforced the Roger Rabbit/Toontown concept that is the foundation of the Cartoon Universe and the Cartoon Crossover Encyclopedia.
FAMILY GUY (ANIMATED SERIES)
SEASON 4 EPISODE 3 “BLIND AMBITION”
Release Date: May 15, 2005
Animated Series Crosses: Keebler Elves; Snap, Crackle and Pop (Rice Krispies)
Other Crosses: Star Wars
The Story: Quagmire attempts to overcome his sex addiction while Peter goes blind from over consumption of nickels trying to break a record.
Notes: The Keebler Elves plot against Snap, Crackle and Pop with the help of actor Judd Hirsch. After an act of heroism, Peter is rewarded in a manner similar to the ending of Star Wars episode IV, including appearances of Chewbacca, C3PO, and R2D2. In a non-canonical flashback, which is likely only part of Peter’s imagination, Peter once lived at Superman’s Fortress of Solitude, and was a distraction during a meeting of the Justice League.
AMERICAN DAD! (ANIMATED SERIES)
SEASON 3 EPISODE 8 “THE MOST ADEQUATE CHRISTMAS EVER”
Release Date: December 16, 2007
Other Crosses: Defending Your Life; It’s a Wonderful Life; Muppet Show; Superman (Christopher Reeve film series); A Christmas Carol
The Story: Stan dies while trying to get the perfect Christmas tree, and must petition in the afterlife for a second chance at living.
Notes: The trial Stan must endure is like that seen in the film Defending Your Life. If the angel is able to help Stan, she will earn her wings, a tradition established in It’s a Wonderful Life. Kermit the Frog and Jim Henson are shown to be trapped in the Phantom Zone. The angel that aids Stan is Michelle, who previously appeared in “The Best Christmas Story Never” serving in the role of the Ghost of Christmas Past.
SOUTH PARK (ANIMATED SERIES)
SEASON 14 EPISODE 11 - 13 “COON 2: HINDSIGHT/MYSTERION RISES/COON VS. COON AND FRIENDS”
Release Date: October 27 - November 10, 2010
Other Crosses: Lovecraft’s Cthulhu Mythos; Superman
The Story: The super-heroic Coon forms a new team of heroes called Coon and Friends, but soon the Coon finds himself facing dissention in the ranks, a rival called Captain Hindsight, and Cthulhu, who has risen in reaction to the BP oil spill. Additionally, it is revealed that Mysterion (Kenny McCormick) has the ability to return to life each time he’s killed, with nobody remembering his death, because of his parents’ previous involvement in a Cthulhu cult.
Notes: Technically, the revelation explaining the long running gag regarding Kenny’s death in each episode only to return in the next makes the entire series a crossover with Lovecraft’s Cthulhu Mythos. This storyline is referenced in the 2013 film Thou Gild’st the Even when one of the characters declares “I can’t die” as Kenny does. Of course, it’s been established that toons of the Cartoon Universe generally can’t die. But there have been exceptions. As has also been established, the Cartoon Universe is actually more of a “patchwork” of numerous overlapping realities. In each city, different rules seem to apply (the rules set by that show’s creators, of course). So this explanation for Kenny’s death is explained in a manner that fits the South Park rules. But, we might view this explanation in a broader sense and postulate that perhaps the very nature of most toons’ immortality and the Cartoon Universe itself, a reality shaped by the psychic energy of denizens of the Live Action Universe, may somehow be connected to the Old Ones of Lovecraft’s multiversal Cthulhu Mythos. Superman and Lex Luthor are also referenced as being real, and Cartman (as the Coon) claims that Superman isn’t around anymore because he never teamed up with Luthor.
PROJECT A-KO (ANIMATED FILM)
Release Date: June 21,1986 (Setting is an indeterminate time in the near future)
Series: Project A-ko
Animated Series Crosses: Superman (Fleischer Studios); Super Dimension; Macross
Other Crosses: Wonder Woman (television)
The Story: An alien space craft crashed into Graviton City, wiping out the whole population. A new city is built in its place. A-ko and C-ko are best friends at the new Graviton City high school. A-ko is the daughter of Clark Kent and Diana Prince Kent, and has inherited superhuman strength and speed, but otherwise is an average teenager. Both girls gain the interest of B-ko, a rich girl with who is a genius with technology. B-ko has a crush on C-ko, and expresses her feelings by attacking A-ko each morning using her advanced mecha technology and her team of female followers. Eventually, the aliens return, an all-female race of aliens, who invade in order to abduct their lost princess, who turns out to be C-ko. A-ko and B-ko team-up to save Graviton City.
Notes: Though the time period is indeterminate, due to the aged and married Superman and Wonder Woman with a teen child, and based on the fact that the Cartoon Universe also includes Star Trek, I suspect this takes place in the 22nd century, at a point in the Cartoon Universe’s improbable future where the heroes would age (should they start aging) and when first contact was achieved but Earth was not yet part of the Federation. Project A-ko is followed by several sequels. A-ko’s parents are shown to be Superman and Wonder Woman, and specifically, this film references the Fleischer shorts Superman and the Bulleteers. Wonder Woman is visually based on Lynda Carter, the actress who played Wonder Woman in the 1970s television series. It could be some of the television series had similar events in the Cartoon Universe, but Wonder Woman’s appearances in Super Friends contradict the live action series, which has Wonder Woman inactive from the end of World War II to the late 1970s. This film heavily ties into Super Dimensional Fortress Macross, which itself is a crossover of the Super Dimensional trilogy and the Macross series. Project A-ko is the first Japanese animation to be brought into the Cartoon Universe, research wise, even though chronologically, there are others already presented. I should note that one of my fellow crossoverists, Salvatore Cucinotta, also believes B-ko must be the daughter of Tony Stark, aka Iron Man, based on her wealth, personality, and genius in technology and armor. However, though it makes sense, there is no actual evidence to support the idea.
ACTION COMICS # 858 - 863 “SUPERMAN AND THE LEGION OF SUPER-HEROES” (DC COMICS)
Release Date: Late December 2007 - May 2008 (Setting is Contemporary and 3008)
Series: Superman (New Earth)
Animated Series Crosses: Futurama
Other Crosses: Legion of Super-Heroes
The Story: The Legion summon Superman to the 31st century in order to gain his assistance. The Earth’s sun has turned red, which makes Superman powerless. A villain called Earth-Man has formed the Justice League of Earth, and has turned Earth xenophobic by convincing them that Superman had really been a human who protected Earth from alien threats. Thus, the Legion have become outlaws.
Notes: As many aliens are being rounded up for detention centers in major cities throughout Earth, one question must be asked. Why not Zoidberg? That’s right. Doctor Zoidberg, who works at Planet Express in New New York, is among the aliens being rounded up. And it makes sense. Futurama is also set 1000 years in the future, taking place contemporary with the adventures of the Legion of Super-Heroes. The Superman involved here is the version that existed in the DC continuity that followed Infinite Crisis but preceded the next reboot in Flashpoint. This five year period was said to take place in the DC multiverse known as the 52, on Earth-0, aka New Earth. The Legion of Super-Heroes here is more complicated. It’s the same version of the Legion that existed in the silver age, and early post-crisis stories, recently having been revealed as still existing, but with minor continuity changes to reflect Superman’s altered history. Following Flashpoint, in the New 52, this version of the Legion will still exist, but with once more a few alterations to reflect Superman’s ever changing canon. However, a lot of what I just said should be ignored completely when discussing the Cartoon Universe. Since this is a cross with Futurama, even if this story takes place on New Earth or Prime Earth of the DC Multiverse, it likely also happened in the Cartoon Universe. That would mean that this story involved the Cartoon Universe Superman. That can work. The Cartoon Universe Superman was once Superboy, as demonstrated in the Super Friends. The Super Friends comic book brings in most of DC’s silver age continuity up until the debut of Firestorm, so the stories of Superboy and the Legion of Super-Heroes could have also happened in the Cartoon Universe. It does help that many silver age stories were a bit silly, especially for the Superman Family. The New Earth Superman brought back the concept that young Superman had been a member of the Legion, thus tying back into the silver age continuity and canon.
EARTH-12 (ALSO KNOWN AS THE DC ANIMATED UNIVERSE)
Batman: The Animated Series, The Superman/Batman Adventures, Superman: The Animated Series, The New Batman Adventures, The New Batman/Superman Adventures, Batman Beyond, Gotham Girls, Lobo, Static Shock, The Zeta Project, Justice League, Teen Titans, Zatanna, Justice League Unlimited, Krypto the Superdog, Legion of Super Heroes, Batman: Mask of the Phantasm, Batman & Mr. Freeze: SubZero, Batman Beyond: Return of the Joker, Batman: Mystery of the Batwoman, Teen Titans: Trouble in Tokyo, Superman: Brainiac Attacks. An Earth populated by less dark incarnations of the heroes of the present-day DC universe. First appeared in Batman: The Animated Series.
Superman (Clark Kent)--This is the Kal-El. He is represented in the DCAU by Superman the Animated Series.
SUPERMAN: THE ANIMATED SERIES (ANIMATED SERIES)
Release Date: September 6, 1996 - February 12, 2000
Series: Superman: The Animated Series
The Story: The DC Animated Universe adaption of the comic book from DC Comics, particularly based on the modern/age post-Crisis version of the character, with a few golden and silver age elements thrown in.
Notes: This series was created by Timm and Dini for their Animated DC Universe following the success of Batman: The Animated Series. In the Cartoon Multiverse, this takes place on “Earth-12”, one of multiple alternate timelines. Within DC’s comic book canon, the DCAU was first shown during Zero Hour in 1994. Later, in 1998, it became part of DC’s Hypertime. Unofficially, many fans have considered the DCAU to be Earth-992 of the pre-Crisis DC Multiverse. Following Infinite Crisis in 2006, the DCAU became Earth-12 of the 52 Multiverse, and recently, writer Grant Morrison confirmed Earth-12 to still be the home of the DCAU in the New 52 multiverse. I guess this would be a good time to mention that Superman was created by Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster and his historical first appearance was Action Comics # 1, June 1938.
SUPERMAN: THE ANIMATED SERIES (ANIMATED SERIES)
SEASON 2 EPISODES 16 - 18 “WORLD’S FINEST”
Release Dates: October 4, 1997
Animated Series Crosses: Batman: The Animated Series
The Story: The Joker and Lex Luthor join forces, which brings Superman and Batman together for the first time as allies.
Notes: Though Superman: TAS is technically a spin-off of Batman: TAS, as they were meant from the start to share a reality, this was the first episode to actually demonstrate that the two series shared a reality, and this story would be the genesis for the expansion that would lead to Batman Beyond, Justice League, the Zeta Project, and Justice League Unlimited. These three episodes originally aired as one singular movie, and were then split into a three parter for syndication. It can be found on DVD as the Batman/Superman Movie. Historically, Superman debuted in Action Comics # 1, June 1938, and Batman first appeared in Detective Comics # 27, May 1939. The two first shared a cover in New York World’s Fair Comics 1940, but the covers at that time were not considered part of the in-story canon. A year later, they would both regularly be featured in World’s Finest Comics, but during the golden age of the 1940s, they appeared in separate, unrelated stories. In All-Star Comics # 3, they were both mentioned as being honorary members of the Justice Society of America, the first instance in which they were shown to share the same reality. During the 1940s, the two actually appeared three times together as members of the Justice Society. In the Adventures of Superman radio drama, Batman would regularly appear to team-up with Superman. It wasn’t until 1952 that Batman would team-up with Superman in Superman’s book. This was said to be their first meeting, despite the JSA stories, thus being one of the earliest dividing lines between the continuity of the golden age/Earth-2 and silver age/Earth-1 stories. In 1954, World’s Finest Comics began featuring the Superman-Batman team as the featured story, mostly because they had to reduce the page count for economic reasons and so had one story for both rather than two separate tales. The success of the Superman-Batman team in World’s Finest has continued a tradition of teaming up DC’s most popular two characters, and soon (as of this writing), a live action feature film will finally be released putting the two iconic characters together.
SUPERMAN: THE ANIMATED SERIES (ANIMATED SERIES)
SEASON 3 EPISODE 2 “KNIGHT TIME”
Release Date: October 10, 1998
Animated Series Crosses: Batman: The Animated Series
The Story: Robin seeks out Superman’s help when Batman is missing.
Notes: Superman: The Animated Series was an indirect spin-off of Batman: The Animated Series, and in original runs of Superman: TAS, it was packaged with The New Batman Adventures (which was a continuation of Batman: TAS) as the Batman/Superman Adventures on the Kids’ WB. In syndication, it airs as in independent series. Superman and Batman would have several crossovers, and following the end of both series, both would combine for the spin-off called Justice League.
SUPERMAN: THE ANIMATED SERIES (ANIMATED SERIES)
SEASON 3 EPISODE 11 “THE DEMON REBORN”
Release Date: September 18, 1999
Animated Series Crosses: Batman: The Animated Series
The Story: Batman must assist Superman when Ra’s Al Ghul comes to Metropolis.
Notes: The third crossover between Superman and Batman in the DCAU. The next meeting of the two will be in the pilot for Justice League.
JUSTICE LEAGUE (ANIMATED SERIES)
Release Date: November 17, 2001 - May 29, 2004
Series: Justice League
Animated Series Crosses: Superman the Animated Series; Batman the Animated Series
The Story: After joining forces to save Earth from an alien invasion, seven heroes decide to continue working together.
Notes: This series is a spin-off of both Batman the Animated Series and Superman the Animated Series. It takes place in the same shared reality commonly referred to as the DC Animated Universe. Within the Cartoon Multiverse, it is designated Earth-12 (which is also its designation in the DC Multiverse). In comics, the Justice League debuted in Brave and the Bold # 28 (1960). The founding members in the historical first appearance were Superman, Batman, Wonder Woman, the Flash, Green Lantern Hal Jordan, Aquaman, and J’onn J’onzz. In this animated version, the founders are Superman, Batman, Wonder Woman, the Flash, Green Lantern John Stewart, J’onn J’onzz, and Hawkgirl. Superman’s first comic book appearance was in Action Comics # 1 (1938). His DCAU debut was in Superman the Animated Series. Batman’s first comic book appearance was in Detective Comics # 27 (1939). His DCAU debut was in Batman the Animated Series. Wonder Woman’s first comic book appearance was in All-Star Comics # 8 (1941). This animated series is her DCAU debut. This Flash, Barry Allen, first appeared historically in Showcase # 4 (1956). His DCAU debut was in Superman the Animated Series. Green Lantern John Stewart’s first comic book appearance was in Green Lantern # 87 (1972). This is his DCAU debut, but previously, Green Lantern Kyle Rayner appeared on Superman the Animated Series. J’onn J’onzz’s first comic book appearance was in Detective Comics # 225 (1955). This is his DCAU debut. This Hawkgirl, Thanagarian Shayera Thal, debuted historically in Brave and the Bold # 34 (1961). This is also her DCAU debut. This series would continue as Justice League Unlimited following its cancellation in this form. In that form, the roster would increase to over 50 members! As this series incorporates many characters from the history of DC Comics, in a new DCAU form, I will not make note of every DC character that appears. I also will note point out each episode that crosses with Superman and Batman since in a sense every episode does.
17 Nov. 2001--Justice League--Secret Origins--Batman and Superman team up to deal with an alien invasion, and a telepathic message leads the duo to a military base housing future ally J'onn J'onzz.
17 Nov. 2001--Justice League--Secret Origins: Part II--With the nation's warheads disarmed by Superman after a peace initiative, the heroes rally to stop nocturnal alien invaders from blocking out the sun.
17 Nov. 2001--Justice League--Secret Origins: Part III--The heroes are captured by the aliens just as their leader, the Imperium, arrives. After vanquishing the invasion, they decide to officially join forces as the Justice League.
STATIC SHOCK (ANIMATED SERIES)
SEASON 3 EPISODES 6 AND 7 “A LEAGUE OF THEIR OWN”
Release Date: March 1 - 8, 2003
Animated Series Crosses: Justice League; Superman: The Animated Series; Batman: The Animated Series
The Story: The League ask Static’s help in recharging their station after a power failure, but Static unwittingly releases Brainiac who possesses Gear.
Notes: This was a two parter.
Fall 2055 A.D.: Terry McGinnis is recruited by Superman to join the JLU. He discovers Superman is being controlled by Starro and helps prevent it from taking the planet over. Source: On Batman Beyond's "The Call" and "Part Two", this event happens.
COMIC BOOK MULTIVERSES
I've chosen not to include comic book crossovers that don't involve characters from other mediums. You can find out more about those stories in Worlds and Mythology and in my DC Multiverse blog post found here.