Wednesday, January 12, 2011



There are many different versions of Superman, each a distinct timeline, and yet many of these timelines can be traced back to the TVCU using crossovers.  The original Superman post was becoming a bit of a mess so I decided to give each major Superman timeline with crossover connections to the TVCU its own timeline blog post.  Below are the ones you can find elsewhere by clicking on the link.

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SUPERMAN (FILM SERIES) [1978 - 1987]

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1971--Marcus Welby, M.D.--From Toby O'Brien: Point of O'Bservation - Any time a fictional character is mentioned in a TV show without reference to the source of origin, I accept that as tacit acceptance the character is real in Toobworld. Latest example - from a 1971 episode of 'Marcus Welby, M.D.' "You're not Superman, you know; you're a doctor." - Roger Nastili (Apache descendent of Hannibal Heyes). I won't be using that in Inner Toob until my August TV Western theme, but thought I'd share it with my crossover compadres now.....

Just before February 1978--SUPERMAN VS. MUHAMMAD ALI--The cover art for Superman vs Muhammed Ali shows cameos of several real and fictional characters, including the teacher and students from WELCOME BACK KOTTER, Columbo, and Lucy!  And Donny & Marie Osmond, Sonny & Cher, the Jackson 5, etc.  (Though I mostly place Earth-1 stories in the Cartoon Universe Earth-1A, home of the Scooby-Doo Team-Up/Super-Friends/Laff-A-Lympics, this story is a standalone that connects to live actions shows, so I'm placing it in the main TVCU as the Superman portrayed on screen by Christopher Reeve.)


Release Date: March 1979 (Contemporary Setting)

Horror Crosses: Doctor Strange

Non-Horror Crosses: Superman; Ms. Marvel; Conan the Barbarian

The Story: Kulan Gath possesses a security guard at a museum and draws the attention of Spider-Man. Mary Jane Watson also finds herself possessed, but by the heroic Red Sonja.

Notes: Carol Danvers is mentioned, but not her alter ego Ms. Marvel. Based on the various crosses with Marvel heroes in this blog, we can determine that many of the Marvel heroes must have had counterparts in the Television Crossover Universe. If this is the case, I still doubt that superheroes were as publicly known as in the MU. Like with the alien invasions and zombie outbreaks, I’m sure the general public is in denial about vigilantes with super-powers. The super-hero phenomenon must have come in waves. The first started in the late 1930s and died down after World War II. The second would have occurred from the early 1960s to the mid 1980s. Since then, heroes would have still operated, but with less and less frequency. Sword of the She-Devil features Red Sonja, who though from the comics, was a spin off of Conan, a literary character.  Red Sonja is a spin-off character from Conan the Barbarian, and Kulan Gath was a Conan foe. Doctor Strange is also mentioned in this story. Clark Kent also arrives to cover the story. Of course, this is a fun cameo of the type that DC and Marvel liked to do regarding their friendly competition. But from an in-story point of view, a few questions arise. Why didn’t Superman get involved? Why was he in New York? Shouldn’t he be old? Clark often got sent out of Metropolis on assignment. So that question is easy to answer. He might have been there for another story and stumbled upon this one. As for a young Clark Kent, I maintain that there were two Supermen in the TVCU. The first Superman was that depicted in the Adventures of Superman, played by George Reeves, which is brought in via a crossover with Batman'66. The other is that depicted in Superman: The Movie, played by Christopher Reeve, which is brought in via a crossover with Wonder Woman'77. Since Batman'66 crossed with Wonder Woman'77, there must be both Supermen in the same timeline. I like to think that any TVCU references to Superman prior to 1978 would be that of the George Reeves version, and after 1978, the main Superman is the Christopher Reeve version, and the "golden age" Superman is the original version. So the Superman in this story is the Superman that debuted in 1978. Later, there'll be the thing about other Supermen. I'll cover that when we get there. Plus Superman has a weakness against magic, something that in the Horror Universe couldn’t have been easy for him.

November 1979--SUPER COMICS # 1--"Super-Bob"--Little Bobby is visited by an alien from the planet Kookoorongba named Krazy-El. Krazy-El has been sent by the Great Unknown to tell Little Bobby that he has been chosen as Earth's champion. When he says "Powers of the world, give them to me" he will gain superpowers. Little Bobby becomes Super-Bob. Krazy-El trains him in the use of his powers, which are initially super strength, speed, invulnerability and flight. Other powers will come later, "when he is ready for them". One other power he seems to have is the ability to not be recognized. He wears a duplicate of Superman's costume but does not alter his face nor wear a mask, and in fact, for years still wears his glasses in costume. Real Life Notes: This story was originally meant to be a daydream fantasy of Little Bobby, but became more popular than the Little Bobby strip. In fact, this story is the beginning of the Super Comics Universe, aka the Wronskiverse. It should be noted though that the current Wronskivese version of this origin story has been greatly retconned. Over in my Wronskiverse blog, you can find the better origin. But this is how it was originally told, and for the premise of this chronology about the TVCU, the original version is the one that fits. Krazy-El was a spin-off character from a previous sci-fi magazine I wrote called Adventures on Other Worlds. The Super-Bob series never talks about why Super-Bob's costume resembles Superman's. It just appears when he transforms, replacing whatever clothing he had been wearing. Later, in Powerkid, it's revealed that Superman is a comic book character on an alternate Earth, and that Little Bobby was a fan, as I was indeed a fan, and that it was the first thing he imagined for a heroic costume. Since this takes place in the TVCU, where Superman is both a comic book character and a real person (or two), we must explain further. The comics that Little Bobby reads are those that the original Superman had authorized DC Comics to write about him, with the proceeds going to charity. This is actually explained in the comics to explain why the DCU also had Superman comics. It's my theory that though super-heroes existed, along with alien invasions and other weird stuff, but most people in the TVCU tend to over rationalize and live in denial over anything that's outside their world view.

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September 1980--Super Comics Presents # 1--"Warworld"--Super-Bob teams with a new heroine, Pretty Gal, against an alien called Mongul and his Warworld. Real Life Notes: This story is almost exactly the same as DC Comics Presents # 28, replacing Superman and Supergirl with Super-Bob and Pretty Gal. In fact, many of the stories of Superman and Superboy from 1979 to 1986 were copied to become Super-Bob/Powerkid stories. This is the one time where I didn't also replace the villain with one of my own. Thus, as far as TVCU apocrypha is concerned, Mongul was a Super-Bob foe, not a Superman foe. Pretty Gal was incidentally based on a girl I had a crush on in second grade.

August 1982--POWERKID # 3 AND 4--"Karate Spears"/"Powerkid meets Superman"--Powerkid encounters Karate Spears for the first time, who nearly kills the hero because he realized his weakness: apple crisp! Powerkid manages to flee and being a fan of comics, knows the theory of the multiverse, and flies into the Forbidden Forest to travel to another universe where he might find a hero to help. He ends up on Earth-1, and with Superman's help, Karate Spears is defeated.

September 1982--POWERKID # 1--"Powerkid"--Super-Bob becomes Powerkid, with a new costume. Real Life Notes: The story almost acts as if the Super-Bob stories weren't canon. This short story was the first writing assignment I did for fourth grade, and because I didn't think my teacher would get all the backstory, I gave the character a complete reboot, that really ripped off Superman's origin. Later stories would ignore this story, and reincorporate the Super-Bob stuff. Later, a story would be told in which Krazel (retconned Krazy-El) completes training Super-Bob, and offers him to wear the costume of the Powermen (police force) of his homeworld of Kookoorongba, thus he becomes Powerkid, with an almost all red suit, with the yellow upside down triangle on the chest with a P in the center. He still wears the glasses for another year. This story also references Zap, Master of Power, as Powerkid's best friend though he hadn't yet appeared in any stories, and Karate Spears as Powerkid's arch-foe, though again, he'd never before appeared. Both were the creations of two of my friends, Phil Sheridan and Charlie Spears, who would regularly contribute to Super Comics. They would end up appearing in stories soon, and getting their own origins.

SEPTEMBER 1982--POWERKID POLICE # 1--"The Super-Trio"--A magical evil calling himself Doctor Deadly comes to Orange from outer space. He claims to have once ruled this world, and now wants to reclaim it. Arriving on the scene to battle this alien wizard is Powerkid, Zap, and a new speedster hero called Speedy. Together, the three are able to stop him where one would have failed. Doctor Deadly flees into outer space. Powerkid and Zap, who are cousins Bobby Wronski and Philip Sheridan, find that this new hero is also their cousin, Shon Ames. The three realize that only by working together were they able to defeat the villain, and that some threats only can be stopped by a team. And so they put the word out that they wish to form a team, and are calling on any new heroes (since there had been a recent explosion of new heroes) who would like to join. The team ends up consisting of initially: Powerkid, Zap, Speedy, the Unknown, Man-Killer, Space Hero, Waterman, Avenger, The Toy, Bird Boy and Bird Girl, Screamer, Witch Woman, Stretch, Vic-20, Tornado Man, and Fireman. Later members would be Kitten Girl, Powergirl, and mascot Chris Whaland. Real Life Notes: During the Super-Bob era, there had been another Super-Trio consisting of Super-Bob, Super-Len, and Witch Woman. Doctor Deadly will later be revealed to be Morgoth from the Lord of the Rings, who is possessing an alien scientist's body. The Powerkid Police is obviously my version of the Justice League of America. Phil Sheridan came up with the name. Powerkid is the PKP version of the JLA's Superman. Zap is the PKP's version of the JLA's Martian Manhunter. Speedy is the PKP's version of the JLA's Flash. Incidentally, a year later, Speedy, under the new name of the Speedster, gets his own series, where he becomes a janitor at a museum in CENTRAL CITY, because he just feels the city needs a speedster. In this reality, the Flash apparently doesn't exist, at least not in the early 80s. Of course, in the TVCU, he does exist in the early 1980s in the Super Friends. I guess there's more than one Central City. The Unknown is the PKP's version of Batman. Man-Killer fills in for Wonder Woman. Space Hero fills for Green Lantern. Waterman for Aquaman. The Toy for the Atom. Bird Boy and Bird Girl are the PKP's Hawkman and Hawkwoman. Interestingly, later, Bird Boy was found to be constantly hopping around in time due to the Crisis. He was the Bird Boy/Bird Man of the 1950s/1960s Wonder Woman stories, the Bird Man of the 1960s cartoon, and later, Harvey Birdman, Attorney-At-Law. Screamer is Black Canary, obviously. Witch Woman fills in for Zatanna. Stretch fills in for Elongated Man, but is actually Stretch Armstrong, as in the toy where you could grab his arms and stretch him out. Vic-20 and Tornado Man took the place of Red Tornado. Tornado Man here is an older hero among the group, formerly having been a member of the Mighty Heroes. Fireman is the replacement for Firestorm. Kitten Girl and Powergirl joined two years later, with no JLA counterpart. Chris Whaland was the Snapper Carr of the group. The PKP disbanded in 1985, but in 1987, I wrote a story from 1984 that retroactively added the character.

November 1993--THE PHILADELPHIA EXPERIMENT 2--From Caeric ArcLight: In THE PHILADELPHIA EXPERIMENT 2, there's a discussion of Superman - "The Man of Steel" - retiring because adamantium is tougher than steel.

2001--ELECTRA WOMAN & DYNAGIRL--From Matt Hickman: So apparently in 2001 they made a pilot for a series where Electra Woman is a washed up super heroine. Why is this important? Well, Aquaman appears and Flash, Batman, Superman and Wonder Woman are all mentioned as real people.

May 2002--ROSWELL--"Graduation"--In the final episode of Roswell, one of the half-alien characters crushes a piece of charcoal into a diamond and says he learned the trick from Superman. I suppose he could have met the real Man of Steel at some point during the series between episodes.

2004--A UNIFORM USED TO MEAN SOMETHING.../HINDSIGHT IS 20/20...--This one fits. In 2004, this Superman is the one from the film series. These are commercials in which Superman hangs out with Jerry Seinfeld.

2006--THE PROTECTOR--Matthew Hickman: The Protector mentions how back in the day Superman had nothing on him. Sounds like Superman was a real person too.

June 2013--JESSIE--"Punched Dumped Love"--From Toby O'Brien: Trapped as I am with my 8 year old nephew, I just watched an episode of "Jessie". They commented that nobody would like Luke's Superman underwear.... Not even Lois Lane. Plus Adam Sandler was in it as himself.

c. August 8, 2014--ADVENTURES OF ANGELFIRE--Angelfire is a real female super-heroine who is trying to convince Hollywood to make a movie about her. She references other heroes who have had movies such as Spider-Man, Superman, Batman, and Iron Man.

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TVCU-2--This is my go-to place to put remakes and reboots. I also place here Lois and Clark: The New Adventures of Superman. I would also place here the four Batman movies from the Burton/Schumacher era. I'd also say that the Flash TV show takes place here if we turned Barry into Wally, and this would also be the location of the unaired Justice League Pilot. Basically, this is 1990s DC on screen era. This could also be the "Comic Book Crossover Universe", where intercompany comic book crossovers take place, involving a post-Crisis version of the DCU characters.

TVCU-69--Porn Universe--Also known as Earth-XXX. In this reality, there is a porn adaptation of the classic DC/Marvel crossover, Superman vs. the Amazing Spider-Man.

Release Date: April 22, 1988 (Contemporary Setting)
Non-Horror Crosses: Superman
The Story: Set in a divergent timeline, it’s ten years after the events of Attack of the Killer Tomatoes, known as the Great Tomato War. Tomatoes are now outlawed. But a mad scientist plans on unleashing a new tomato menace.

Notes: Superman makes a cameo appearance, but doesn’t really affect the plot. This would likely be the second Superman, Clark Kent Junior. This film follows Attack of the Killer Tomatoes and is followed by Killer Tomatoes Strike Back.



Looniverse--This is the universe of cartoons that do not fit in the Television Crossover Universe. The name was first used in the Superman/Bugs Bunny comic book mini-series to describe the reality of Bugs Bunny. It was also used in an unreleased Tiny Toon Adventures video game.



SUPERMAN (KAL-L/CLARK KENT)--Kal-L is alternately spelled Kal-El. In the Cartoon Universe, Krypton was a world where its inhabitants were ordinary men on their world, but under a yellow sun, and a planet with lighter gravity such as Earth, they become Supermen. When the world faced destruction, scientist Jor-L sent his son to Earth, where he was was found in Smallville, Kansas by Jonathon and Martha Kent. He was named Clark Kent, and raised by the farmers. As an adult, he moved to Metropolis, where he became a reporter for the Daily Planet, while also using his powers to fight crime as Superman. In the Cartoon Universe, Superman is represented by the golden age/Earth-2 comic book version of Superman and the Fleischer Studios animated shorts. He is also the Superman seen in the New Adventures of Superman animated series, and the Super Friends. He is also for the most part the Superman from silver age/Earth-1 comics, though a lot of the comics canon can’t properly fit in the Cartoon Universe, and must be disregarded in favor of the on-screen appearances. Superman (Kal-El/Clark Kent) is the same character who is concurrently a member of the Justice League of America. Superman was chosen as an instructor for the Super Friends because of his time as the teen hero, Superboy. The various Super Friends series produced by Hanna-Barbera featured Danny Dark as Superman: 1973: Super Friends, 1977: The All-New Super Friends Hour, 1978: Challenge Of The SuperFriends, 1979: The World's Greatest Super Friends, 1980 - 1983: Super Friends, 1984: Super Friends: The Legendary Super Powers Show, 1985: The Super Powers Team: Galactic Guardians. Superboy makes two appearances in the show's run. The first one is when the Hall of Justice computer runs a tape showing Lex Luthor's origin. He was voiced by Danny Dark. The other is in a short episode where Phantom Zone criminals go back in time to fight Superboy. He is saved by the arrival of Superman and Green Lantern. He was voiced by Jerry Dexter. Superman is also represented in the Cartoon Universe by Post-Crisis Superman stories, the 1988 Filmation Superman cartoon, and Superman the Animated Series. Obviously, though, not all of the comic book stories can count in Cartoon Universe canon.

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1931--NEW ADVENTURES OF SUPERMAN--Kal-El's dog from Krypton comes to Earth and is adopted by Clark Kent, and the two work together to fight crime in Smallville.


Release Date: September 17, 2004 (Setting is 1939)

Series: Sky Captain

Animated Series Crosses: Superman (Max Fleischer)

Other Crosses: King Kong; Godzilla; Lost Horizon

The Story: Sky Captain must stop a madman who wants to destroy the human race and start civilization over on a new world.

Notes: This film takes place in the Cartoon Universe. The events of King Kong and Son of Kong are referenced as having occurred. A newspaper headline refers to the events of Godzilla as recently having happened in 1939. Shangri-La appears in this story. And in the film, Sky Captain battles giant remote control robots that were first seen in the 1940s animated Superman shorts.

1944--SHE-SICK SAILORS--Bluto poses as Superman to impress Olive. Now there is evidence that Superman exists in the Looniverse, as seen in a Bugs Bunny short for example, but we also know that the TVCU Superman (the original one) sometimes visited the Looniverse as well in the 1930s and 1940s (as seen in Roger Rabbit and some Superman promotional material from the comics.)


Release Date: June 22, 1988 (Setting is 1947)

Series: Roger Rabbit

Animated Series Crosses: Mickey Mouse; Donald Duck; Alice Comedies; Pluto; Bucky Bug (Silly Symphonies); Goofy; The Merry Dwarfs (Silly Symphonies); Flowers and Trees (Silly Symphonies); Babes in the Woods (Silly Symphonies); Father Noah’s Ark (Silly Symphonies); The Three Little Pigs (Silly Symphonies); Toby Tortoise (Silly Symphonies); Water Babies (Silly Symphonies); Who Killed Cock Robin?; Elmer Elephant (Silly Symphonies); Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs; Ferdinand the Bull (Silly Symphonies); Pinocchio; Dance of the Hours (Fantasia); The Pastoral Symphony (Fantasia); The Nutcracker Suite (Fantasia); The Reluctant Dragon; Dumbo; Bambi; Pedro (Saludos Amigos); Reason and Emotion; Chicken Little (1943 Disney short); The Pelican and the Snipe; Peter and the Wolf (Make Mine Music); Song of the South; Johnny Appleseed (Melody Time); So Dear to My Heart; The Wind in the Willows (The Adventures of Ichabod and Mr. Toad); Alice in Wonderland; The Little House; Peter Pan; Paul Bunyan (1958 Disney short); Sleeping Beauty; Mary Poppins; The Jungle Book; Winnie the Pooh; Looney Tunes; Bugs Bunny; Daffy Duck; Porky Pig; Tweety and Sylvester; Foghorn Leghorn; Goofy Gophers; Road Runner; Speedy Gonzales; Marc Anthony and Pussyfoot; Ralph Wolf and Sam Sheepdog; Of Fox and Hounds; One Froggy Evening; Dodo and the Frog; Droopy; George and Junior; Screwy Squirrel; Tom and Jerry; Betty Boop; Koko the Clown; Noveltoons; Popeye; Casper; Superman (Fleischer/Famous Studios); The Fox and the Crow; Woody Woodpecker; Andy Panda; Chilly Willy; Dinky Doodle; Mother Goose on the Loose; Mighty Mouse; Heckle and Jeckle; The Temperamental Lion; Garfield; Gandy Goose; Felix the Cat; Li’l Abner; Augie Doggie and Doggie Daddy; Scooby-Doo!

The Story: When Marvin Acme, the owner of Toontown and the Acme Corporation is murdered, animation short star Roger Rabbit becomes the prime suspect, and detective Eddie Valiant must get over his prejudice towards toons to help clear Rabbit’s name and find the real killer.

Notes: In my previous book, the Horror Crossover Encyclopedia, I used Abbott and Costello Meet Frankenstein as my start point in connecting the dots of the Horror Universe. With this book, it was instantly clear to me that Who Framed Roger Rabbit? must my beginning. This film is a major crossover. Though the first cartoons considered canon for the Cartoon Universe date back decades before this, and there had been many cartoon crossovers before this, Who Framed Roger Rabbit? was the first to be able to so successfully (and legally) combine major characters from so many different classic animation studios. In this section, I will break down the crossovers by the studios they originate. This film also is significant in Cartoon Universe canon. This film explains that Toontown is a town that connects to Hollywood of the Live Action Universe. Clearly, though connected, the two towns are of different realities, as the laws of physics are applied differently in each location. And indeed, those from one reality seem to partially carry the laws of their world over with them to the other. For instance, a person from the Live Action Universe could be killed in the Cartoon Universe by something that a toon would survive from. Likewise, a toon maintains its characteristics in the Live Action Universe. This film also presents a notion seen occasionally in previous animation, in that, though toons are created by artists of the Live Action Universe, they actually live and work in the Live Action Universe. Thus, people in the Live Action Universe seem to know of and accept the existence of the Cartoon Universe, even if they seldom speak of it. This means that the Live Action Universe may seem to be a depiction of the Real Universe, but it is not in actuality. This film is based on a book, but the book lacks the crossovers and is not part of the Cartoon Universe canon. As for the crosses, let’s start with Disney. Disney characters can be broken down into four major categories for our purposes. That would be “the Mickey Mouse Universe”, the Disney Princesses, other animated works, and live action properties. I’m excluding from this the Muppets, Star Wars, and Marvel Comics, which were well known long before being acquired by Disney. ABC properties (also owned by Disney now) should also be considered separate, including Once Upon a Time. To discuss Disney, especially in relation to Roger Rabbit and the Cartoon Universe, I have to briefly discuss Kingdom Hearts. See the entry for that video game series for a deeper analysis. But for now, Kingdom Hearts presents a multiverse in which all the various Disney films seem to exist in alternate realities, separated and difficult to travel between. In the series, there are also four different versions of Mickey and friends, in different realities. Kingdom Hearts seems to contradict the Toontown concept introduced in Roger Rabbit and later seen in House of Mouse, Drawn Together, and others. Throughout this book, there are other examples to demonstrate that the Cartoon Universe is part of a larger Cartoon Multiverse. It is my belief, creating a theory relying on in-story information, that the Cartoon Universe is the Central Timeline as part of a multiverse which resembles the Hypertime formerly used by DC Comics, and that the Central Timeline is to the Multiverse as the post-Crisis DC Universe was to the pre-Crisis DC Multiverse. The Central Timeline, aka the Cartoon Universe, combines elements of other realities of the Cartoon Multiverse. Later, Batman: The Brave and the Bold will demonstrate that perhaps my analogy between the DC Multiverse/Hypertime and the Cartoon Multiverse is extremely appropriate. So for now, we will put Kingdom Hearts aside, as existing among other realities of the Cartoon Multiverse, and focus for the remainder of this entry on the proper Cartoon Universe, established by this film and the Toontown concept. So getting back to Disney, and it’s first category of Mickey Mouse, let’s discuss the “Mickey Mouse Universe”. This is not meant to imply a separate reality for Mickey, but meaning the group of characters that often are associated with Mickey Mouse. When it comes to the characters from the “Mickey Mouse Universe”, shorts from the early years had less crossovers, and it makes sense to list crossovers between the stars of the various shorts during those early decades. However, in the more modern era, seeing Mickey, Donald, Goofy and others is so common, that listing crossovers between them would be silly. Thus, for the characters of “the Mickey Mouse Universe”, crossovers between them will be listed only up to the debut of television’s Wonderful World of Disney in 1954. After that, appearances of characters from the Mickey Mouse Universe will not be listed as crossovers, but if, for example, a character from the Mickey Mouse Universe crosses with another series, that cross will be listed as a cross for that short character rather than a cross with the entire Mickey Mouse Universe. Of course, the first of the Mickey Mouse Universe to discuss would be Mickey Mouse. Mickey appears along other major animation icon Bugs Bunny in a scene involving Eddie falling out of a building. (Note that along with using the official styles of each characters, particularly in their 1947 versions, the characters were also mostly voiced by the voice actors who in 1988 were most known for providing that character’s voice.) Mickey first appeared in the animated short Steamboat Willie in 1928. He has since become the most iconic figure and mascot for Disney. He also shares my birthday. Based on the history of Mickey, there seems to be no indication that Mickey has ever lived outside of Toontown, which seems to have portals connecting it to Hollywood and most Disney theme parks of the Live Action Universe. In fact, you can visit Mickey’s Toontown as most Disney parks. As with the other characters I mention as crosses here, Mickey’s further history and connection to the Cartoon Universe is laid out throughout this book. In his life, he seems to have worked many jobs, including a time working for Interpol, but now seems to run Disney. Mickey’s girlfriend Minnie also appears, in a small cameo. She first appeared in Steamboat Willie as well. Goofy is a character that first appeared in the Mickey Mouse short Mickey’s Revue, originally called Dippy Dawg. (Perhaps his full name is Goofy Dippy Dawg.) Goofy was popular enough to get his own spin-off series. He would later work with Mickey for Interpol and become the super-heroic Super Goof, before finally settling down and becomeing a parent in Goof Troop. Pluto is Mickey’s dog. In the Cartoon Universe, there are anthropomorphic animals, and then there are also animals more like those in the Real Universe, though with relative higher degrees of intelligence. Pluto first appeared in the Chain Gang, but would later get his own spin off series of shorts. Horace Horsecollar also appears, who first appeared in the Mickey short The Plow Boy. Another of the Mickey Universe to appear is Clarabelle Cow. Clarabelle first appeared in Plane Crazy. Plane Crazy was actually the first Mickey Mouse cartoon created, but it tested poorly in test screenings. It eventually debuted publicly as the fourth official Mickey Mouse short in 1929. Clara Cluck, who also appears, first debuted in the Mickey short Orphan’s Benefit. The orphans from Orphan’s Benefit also appear. Note that Orphan’s Benefit has its own entry, as it’s the first time Mickey and Donald are seen together. Willie the Giant and the Golden Harp appear, who both originate from Mickey and the Beanstalk, an adaption of the classic Jack and the Beanstalk. This must be one of the numerous divergent timelines as demonstrated from Kingdom Hearts in which Mickey and friends existed in different forms in different time periods. But, they shouldn’t be the same divergent timelines from Kingdom Hearts. Kingdom Hearts demonstrates travel between worlds to be extremely difficult, while Roger Rabbit shows us the exact opposite. Donald Duck appears as a musical act partnered with Daffy Duck. Donald first appeared in 1934’s The Wise Little Hen. Though commonly associated as part of the “Mickey Mouse Universe”, he originated in this Silly Symphonies short, as a separate series star, and those Mickey and Donald are considered two separate series. Donald has lived a large part of his life in Toontown, but seems to have been born in nearby Duckberg (where life is like a hurricane). He also spent some time (off and on) in the Navy. Daisy Duck is Donald’s longtime girlfriend. She first appeared in 1940’s Mr. Duck Steps Out. Huey, Dewey and Louie also appear in a picture in a newspaper. They are Donald’s triplet nephews, the sons of Donald’s sister Della. They first appeared in the Donald Duck newspaper strip before coming to animation a few months later. They often visited Donald in the shorts, usually driving him crazy. Sometimes a fourth nephew, Phooey, appears. He was drawn by accident. He shouldn’t be canon. Later, it was explained that he was a freak incident of nature. A fourth nephew. Nothing more has been said of him, and it seems the Duck/McDuck family do not like to speak of him. The nephews would later live with Donald, until he left again for the navy in Duck Tales, after which they went to live with Uncle Scrooge McDuck. More recently, they have formed a boy band as seen in House of Mouse. This followed their finally aging to teenhood in the 1990s series Quack Pack. Jose Carioca makes a cameo. He was a friend of Donald’s first debuting in Saludos Amigos. Peter Pig first appeared in The Wise Little Hen with Donald Duck. He makes a cameo in the closing song from Roger Rabbit. Gus Goose is Donald’s cousin, who first appeared in the 1939 short Donald’s Cousin Gus. Donald’s flying jalopy from The Flying Jalopy also appears. Pete also appears. Pete first appears as a villain in Alice Solves the Puzzle. The Alice Comedies were about Alice, a girl from the Live Action Universe who found her way into the Cartoon Universe. Pete would later go on to be a villainous figure, often a nemesis to Mickey, Donald and Goofy, and later a neighbor of Goofy in Goof Troop. Chip ‘n’ Dale also appear in the film. Chip ‘n’ Dale started off as antagonists in Pluto cartoons, before moving on to pester Donald Duck. Eventually, they became the stars of their own shorts. Much later, you younger readers may be more familiar with them when they took on the role of Rescue Rangers. And they should not be confused with Chippendales, the adult entertainment club. Bucky Bug was a continuing character from Silly Symphonies whose “adventures” continued in the comic book Walt Disney's Comics and Stories. Humphrey the Bear was a character who first appeared in a Goofy short, but then became a regular character in a few Donald shorts before getting his own starring spin-off. Though four Humphrey shorts were created, only two were released as Disney discontinued their short animated theatrical films before the remainder made it out. Mr. Walker appears in Roger Rabbit. Mr. Walker is actually Goofy, from his “everyman films”, particularly in this case Motor Mania, where Goofy is a Jekyll and Hyde sort, transformed when he gets behind the wheel of a motor vehicle. Roger Rabbit seems to demonstrate Mr. Walker to be a separate character than Goofy, even if they are appear to be the same. The Merry Dwarfs also appear, who come from a Silly Symphony. The Flowers and Trees of the Silly Symphony of the same name also appear. The gnomes from Babes in the Woods, a Silly Symphony version of Hansel and Gretel, appear. There are numerous versions of Hansel and Gretel that make their way into the canon of the Cartoon Universe. So the question is, are they the same pair just portrayed in different interpretations, or are they different sets of siblings. At first, I wanted to cop out for simplicity and say that every interpretations should be the same pair, a theory I could then apply to all fairy tale characters, and by extension, all characters in animation that are based on characters that did not originate in animation. But, as we will soon get to, this very film demonstrates I have to consider them as separate as this film has both Bugs Bunny and the prototype version of Bugs Bunny as two separate characters. If they are different, then we have to consider that the Daffy Duck Robin Hood and the Disney fox Robin Hood are separate, that the Simpsons James Woods is not the James Woods from Family Guy, and that Mighty Mouse and Super Mouse are separate characters. And there is enough evidence to prove that out based on in-story examples. The sun seen in Toontown, thus the sun of the Cartoon Universe at least during that period, was the same sun from the Silly Symphony Father Noah’s Ark. Father Noah’s Ark is a retelling of the biblical tale of Noah and the Great Flood, which happened at some point in the past (and I’m not going to debate it on a religious scale). It would seem that this telling would be the official version of the Cartoon Universe. Oddly, though, later another version appears in Fantasia 2000, featuring what should be ancestors of Donald and Daisy. Thanks to Kingdom Hearts, though, we know that Donald exists in multiple realities, some of which place him in other time periods. So his Fantasia version likely exists in the established Fantasia alternate reality seen in Kingdom Hearts. So the Silly Symphony must be the main Cartoon Universe version. The Disney Silly Symphony versions of the Three Little PIgs, Zeke “Big Bad” Wolf, and Little Red Riding Hood also appear. Toby Tortoise appears, who was a recurring Silly Symphony character. The Water Babies also appear, who originate from a 1935 Silly Symphony short about water sprites. Jenny Wren (who resembles a bird version of Mae West) appears, who originated from the Silly Symphony Who Killed Cock Robin, based on the nursery rhyme of the same name. Elmer Elephant and Joe Giraffe from the Silly Symphony Elmer Elephant also appear. Ferdinand the Bull, also from a Silly Symphony, also appears, based on the Story of Ferdinand. Many characters from Fantasia also appear, including the broomsticks from the Sorcerer’s Apprentice. Fantasia exists in an alternate reality based on Kingdom Hearts. Thus, that Mickey is a divergent version. It should be noted though that the main Cartoon Universe Mickey is often seen with the famous hat and using its power, specifically in promotions for the Wonderful World of Disney and Disney theme parks. I will argue that perhaps the main Cartoon Universe Mickey may have had a similar experience as his Fantasia counterpart, but they are still different versions from different realities. One of the Fantasia bits that crosses over here is the Nutcracker Suite. This would be the version from the Fantasia reality, which apparently can connect to the main Cartoon Universe as easily as other realities. Other version of the Nutcracker will also be crossed into this guide, and as we come across each, I will address how they all can coexist. Pedro (the Plane) also appears, who originated as a short segment in Saludos Amigos, later rereleased as an independent short. Emotion appears. Emotion resembles a caveman, but is in fact part of the human psyche, as seen in the World War II era short Reason and Emotion. Chicken Little appears, from the World War II era short of the same name, based on “The Sky is Falling” fable. The 2005 animated film will also get included via a valid cross with Kingdom Hearts. At that point, I’ll discuss further how both can be in, but I’m sure the two stories are different enough to not cause contradiction. Monte the Pelican also appears, who originated from the Pelican and the Snipe, a World War II era Silly Symphony. Peter from Peter and the Wolf appears. This short is based on the musical composition and fairy tale, and likely takes place in the “Enchanted Forest”. There are other versions that will make it in that likely take place in alternate dimensions. The animals from Johnny Appleseed appear, but not Johnny himself. Johnny Appleseed was a short included as a segment in Melody Time. Though the film came out in 1948, the animals could still have existed in 1947, when Roger Rabbit takes place. And in fact, Johnny Appleseed takes place in the 18th Century, so their appearance is not at all anachronistic. If anything, those animals are just very long lived. The apartments and skyscrapers from Little House appear. Little House is a short that came out in 1952, but based on a story from 1942. Babe the Blue Ox from Disney’s 1958 Paul Bunyan short appears. Since the story of Paul Bunyan comes from folklore that existed prior to his first print appearance in 1916, the appearance is not an anachronism. The second Disney category is Disney Princess. According to Kingdom Hearts, all of the princesses exist in alternate realities which do not interact. However, Toontown based shows (following the Roger Rabbit tradition) such as House of Mouse and Drawn Together, portray the princesses not only living on the same world, but also living contemporary to each other in our present day. We must assume as with Mickey and company that the Kingdom Hearts worlds are divergent realities, while the Cartoon Universe is the main reality. According to Drawn Together, the “Magic Kingdoms” are accessible via portals accesssible at Disney parks, much as Toontown is. Applying what we know from Roger Rabbit, House of Mouse, and Drawn Together, and applying some other Disney based information from similarly themed Kingdom Hearts and Once Upon a Time, we might be able to come to a workable theory, and thus I shall try. Note, this is only a theory, based on what in-story information we have to go on. We already know that the Cartoon Universe itself seems to be made up of several overlapping realities. It could be that the realities of these Disney Princesses indeed exist in separate realities, very much as depicted in Kingdom Hearts, but unlike Kingdom Hearts, they are accessible to each other through a magical “Enchanted Forest” that lies between them all, in a manner that may make them all contemporary with each other as like on Once Upon a Time. This would mean this Fairy Tale Land exists in a seperate reality outside the Cartoon Universe, but that connects to the Cartoon Universe in a manner similar to the Live Action Universe. Because time operates differently there in Fairy Tale Land, as it operates differently in the Cartoon Universe, the stories can happen “once upon a time” and in contemporary times. Placing fairy tales in a separate but connecting reality can then also help explain the Hansel and Gretel dilemma above. Perhaps there is more than one version of Fairy Tale Land out there. Surely, if Mickey can exist in mutliple realities, so can Snow and Cinderella. Thus, not all versions of fairy tales seen are the same. They are likely all alternate versions from different pocket realities that connect to the Cartoon Universe. Snow White, the Evil Queen, the Seven Dwarfs, and the forest animals from Disney’s Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs appear. In the real world, Snow White was published in 1812, but likely came from earlier folklore. In the world of Disney, it seems as though the story takes place in some ambiguous “once upon a time”, and yet at the same time contemporary with other stories and characters from Disney of the same time as the Disney film release in 1937. (I’m not even going to go into the Once Upon a Time version’s timeline...for now. Shrek is another similar situation that will later be discussed.) Pinnochio also appears. Pinnochio, Jiminy Cricket and Lampwick also come from one of the “Magic Kingdoms” of the “Enchanted Forest”. Several characters from Wonderland appear. Disney’s Alice likely comes from the main Cartoon Universe, while Wonderland is a pocket reality attached to the Cartoon Universe similar to Fairy Tale Land, but those two realities are clearly different realms. Tinkerbell appears at the end, doing her classic Disney film ending, along with John Darling and a rhino from Peter Pan. Peter Pan came out in 1953. But it takes place in 1900. Neverland is another real like Fairy Tale Land and Wonderland. The Darlings, like Alice, must come from the main Cartoon Universe. Some goons and birds from Sleeping Beauty appear. Aurora (who is the Sleeping Beauty) comes from another of the Magic Kingdoms of the Enchanted Forest. Next we move to Disney’s third category, for other animated projects. The first of which is the Reluctant Dragon. Both the Dragon and Giles appear. The Reluctant Dragon was actually a short animated film that was part of a larger film of the same name that consisted of a live action tour of Disneyland, The Reluctant Dragon film, and three other animated shorts that are all not at all connected. Several characters from Dumbo appear in Roger Rabbit, including the flying elephant himself, who in this film is on loan from Disney to Maroon Studios and only works for peanuts. Of course, in this sense, one might wonder if the cartoons these toons were in were considered fictional within the Roger Rabbit film, especially since Roger’s shorts certainly seemed to be. But for the most part, every toon maintains the same characteristics behind the scenes (except for Baby Herman.) Based on later appearances of Toontown, we have to consider that appearances of toons here bring in their main canon, and that they must have made films based upon their real exploits and all starred as themselves in these films. Several Bambi characters also appear, including the title character. Bambi appears in his more youthful state, as seen in the bulk of his first animated film. In fact, almost every crossover appearance of Bambi shows him at that age, even in the modern era. We know that toons age differently than we of the real world, or even our fictional counterparts of the Live Action Universe. So it seems as though the ending of Bambi, where he is grown takes place in a future that hasn’t come to pass (and at least in one divergent timeline, doesn’t, thanks to Godzilla!) Many of the animated characters from Song of the South appear. Those animated characters for most of Song of the South appear to be fictional stories told by Uncle Remus of the Live Action main portion of the film. But by end, it’s clear they really exist, thus they must be from the Cartoon Universe while Uncle Remus and the live action portions are in the Live Action Universe. So Dear to My Heart, though not a sequel, was a follow up to Song of the South in theme. It featured a live action story with animation used in story telling. The animated characters appear in Roger Rabbit, but using Song of the South, we can assume the same relationship between the Cartoon and Live Action Universes apply. Though the film was released in 1949, the story took place in 1903, thus no anachronisms are present in this instance. Mr. Toad and Proudbottom appear from Ichabod and Mr. Toad, a film that featured two separate stories that were unrelated. Only the Mr. Toad portion is included here. The film is based on Wind in the Willows and takes place in 1906, even though it came out in 1949. A silouhite of Mary Poppins and penguin waiters from the same film appear in Roger Rabbit. Mary Poppins did not come out until 1964, but the story took place in 1910, thus there is no anachronism here. This crossover appearance implies that the animated characters from that film come from the Cartoon Universe while the main story takes place in the Live Action Universe. Characters from the Jungle Book also appear. The Jungle Book came out in 1967 but is set in the 19th century, so there are no anachronisms here. Piglet appears, from 1966’s Winnie the Pooh and the Honey Tree. However, since the original story by A.A. Milne takes place in 1926, there isn’t an anachronism. So now that we’ve covered Disney, it’s time to move onto their biggest competitor, Warner Brothers and their Looney Tunes characters. As with the Mickey Mouse Universe, there is a cut off when I will stop listing crossovers between individual stars of Looney Tunes shorts. I’m choosing 1960’s television debut of the Bugs Bunny Show. Any crossovers of Looney Tunes stars with other Looney Tunes stars will be listed if they were before that date, but not after. Before getting into Looney Tunes series, first there’s a sort of crossover with Looney Tunes as a whole. Sort of. The song “The Merry-Go-Round Broke Down” is sung twice, with different words, in Roger Rabbit. The first time it is sung by Roger as he entertains in a bar, and the second by Eddie to make the weasels die laughing. You may think you don’t know the song, but it’s the famed theme song for Looney Tunes. It was written in 1937 and became the Looney Tunes theme the same year, and has been associated with the Looney Tunes ever since. OK, so now onto the characters, and we start with the number one star of Looney Tunes, Bugs Bunny. Bugs Bunny, as stated earlier, appears with Mickey in one scene. They also appear with a group of toons at the close of the film. Bugs first appeared in the 1940 short A Wild Hare. However, in 1938, a prototype of Bugs appeared in a Porky short called Porky’s Hare Hunt. In Roger Rabbit, the Bugs Bunny prototype also appears, as a separate character, and so we must assume them to be two different individuals with similar appearance and characteristics. So Bugs is not a spin-off character of Porky Pig. But he is. The prototype is named Happy Rabbit, and later got his own shorts where he faced a hunter who was a prototype for Elmer Fudd named Egghead. Egghead first appeared in Egghead rides again. Since Happy and Bugs are considered separate, Egghead is not Elmer, though some shorts with Happy and Egghead have been considered to be Bugs and Elmer. Elmer officially appeared in 1940’s Elmer’s Candid Camera. In that film short, Elmer clashed with Bug’s prototype Happy. This would seem to make Elmer a spin-off of Happy who is a spin-off of Porky, but I think it’s clear that history sees Elmer as a member of the Bugs Bunny Rogues Gallery, and thus any appearances of Elmer is a reference to the Bugs Bunny series. Another of Bugs’ rogues to appear is Yosemite Sam, who leaps over the wall dividing Toon Toon from Hollywood after his rear end catches fire. Sam first appeared in Super-Rabbit. Mama Bear appears. This is the Looney Tunes Mama Bear from the short Bugs Bunny and the Three Bears. In this short, the three bears are almost identical to the Goldilocks fairy tale, but they are not the same. They are, however, aware of the fairy tale, and though cartoon logic, assume that if they attempt to reenact the classic tale, a little girl will come along for them to eat. But Mama Bear is out of porridge and makes carrot soup instead, which instead lures Bugs. Another of Bugs’ rogues to appear is Marvin the Martian. It’s interesting that Marvin would be in Toontown in 1947 when Bugs wouldn’t meet Marvin until 1948 in Haredevil Hare. Though Marvin is most well known for matching wits with Bugs, he would also feature in Daffy’s fictional accounts of Duck Dodgers, and ironically, would later be a foe of Daffy when he actually takes on the role of Duck Dodgers. Another rogue to appears is Toro the Bull, from Bully for Bugs, a short from 1953, so at this point in Roger Rabbit, Bugs and Toro have not officially met yet. During Roger Rabbit, at one point, Eddie uses Bugs’ famous catchphrase, “What’s up, Doc?” Daffy Duck appears with Donald in a dueling pianists scene. Daffy is a spin-off character who comes from Porky’s series, debuting in 1937’s Porky’s Duck Hunt. However, Daffy is such a grandiose character that I feel it would be unbefitting him to not give him his own recognition as a series star in his own right, and so I am not considering his appearance here as a cross with Porky Pig, but with Daffy Duck. Only Daffy could make me break my own rules. Speaking of Porky Pig, Porky is one of the older of the famed Looney Tunes. He first debuted in 1935’s I Haven’t Got a Hat. He appears in Roger Rabbit, working in Toontown as a cop, and for seemingly the first time, ends a show with his famous stuttering “That’s all, folks!” This phrase seems to have evolved. Originally, Jerry the Troublesome Tyke’s cartoon’s ended with “And That’s All!” In 1929, Warner Brothers started ending their Bosko with “So long, Folks!” and in 1930, “That’s all, Folks!” was said by Bosko at the end of the short. Other characters used one of the two variations up until the late 1930s at the ends of Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies shorts, but Bugs would usually end with “And dat’s de end!” in his Brooklyn accent. It’s interesting to note Porky has a stutter because his original voice actor, Joe Dougherty, had a stutter, and it was easier to just go with it rather than edit it. Porky’s stutter so defined him that Mel Blanc continued it when he took over as Porky’s voice. Yoyo Dodo also appears, who originated from Porky in Wackyland. Wackyland may actually be the same 5th dimensional world that Mr. Mxyzptlk and Bat-Mite come from. Tweety and Sylvester both appear. Though I consider Tweety & Sylvester as a single series, the two originally started as separate series. Tweety first appeared in 1942’s a Tale of Two Kitties while Sylvester debuted in 1945’s Life with Feathers. The two first appeared together in 1947’s Tweetie Pie. Another Looney Tunes character to appear is Gracie the Fighting Kangaroo. Gracie is the mother of Hippety Hopper, and first appeared in Pop ‘Im Pop. This was also the appearance of Sylvester’s son, Sylvester Junior, and was part of a series of shorts to team up Sylvester and Hippety Hopper as adversaries, Sylvester mistaking the baby kangaroo for a giant mouse. Hippety first appeared in Hop, Look and Listen. Pop ‘Im Pop debuted in 1950 and Hop, Look and Listen in 1948. Roger Rabbit must take place before Hippety was born. Foghorn Leghorn also appears, who first appeared in 1946’s Walky Talky Hawky. Also appearing are the Goofy Gophers who first appeared in the short of the same name from 1947. The Road Runner appears, along with his nemesis, Wile E. Coyote. Both first appeared in 1949’s Fast and Furry-ous. Though they first appeared two years after Roger Rabbit is set, that doesn’t necessarily make any continuity conflicts. Their first short did not seem to be the first time the two have matched wits, so they may have lived out in the desert near Toontown for some time prior to their first short. One of the main characters of Who Framed Roger Rabbit is Marvin Acme. He is an original character from the film, but his character was the founder of the Acme Corporation, most famously known as the supplier of Wile E. Coyote’s various gadgets. In the real world, Acme first became a popular name for various businesses once the phone book was invented, in order to have their business listed first. Usually, this led to people ordering items, such as anvils, from catalogues that would bear the Acme logo. The first known appearance of Acme in fiction was in the 1920 silent film, Neighbors, with Buster Keaton. It has appeared numerous times in fiction. Since Acme is real, I don’t consider them all to be crossovers, unless it’s a clear crossover reference, such as in the case of Marvin Acme. Acme products have been used by Wile E. Coyote since his first appearance and at that point the name of Acme became most identified with Road Runner cartoons. Another connection between Roger Rabbit and the Road Runner happens at a scene at an Acme warehouse. One of the items is an animated black hole, that when place on a surface, actually becomes a real hole in that surface. This comes from the common animation gag of drawing a tunnel on a rock and making it a real tunnel, popularized in the Road Runner cartoons. Another Looney Tunes toon to appear who has super-speed abilities like the Road Runner is Speedy Gonzalez. Speedy first debuted in 1953’s Cat-Tails for Two, a parody of Of Mice and Men, with cat versions of Lennie and George. Speedy typically lives in Mexico, but apparently lived for a time in Toontown prior to his official debut. Speedy would later become a regular foe/partner in shorts with Daffy Duck and Sylvester. Marc Antony also appears. Marc Antony is a big bulldog, who is extremely protective of the cute little kitten Pussyfoot (sometimes also called Kitty or Cleo). The pair first appeared in 1952’s Feed the Kitty. This is when they first met, so it makes sense that Marc Antony is appearing in Roger Rabbit without his cute partner. Sam Sheepdog also appears, who was usually partnered up with Ralph Wolf in shorts. Ralph Wolf looks nearly identical to Wile E. Coyote, but they are not the same. They have different accents and speech patterns, and different colored eyes. They also have slightly different personalities. A Looney Tunes comic book from DC Comics revealed that Wile and Ralph are in fact cousins. Also appearing in Roger Rabbit is George the Fox, from Of Fox and Hounds. Of Fox and Hounds was also the debut of Willoughby the Dog. Michigan J. Frog also appears, who debuted in One Froggy Evening from 1955, thus this is his earliest chronological appearance. However, there is a continuity hiccup. In G.L. Gick’s story “The Werewolf of Rutherford Grange”, it’s revealed that Michigan was placed in that box and trapped in the building when it was build in the 1800s, and then discovered when the building was demolished in 1955. So this can’t be Michigan. One popular fan theory is that the frog seen, though intended to be Michigan, may actually be Fennimore Frog, from DC Comics’ Dodo and the Frog. Fennimore looks nearly identical to Michigan and it would explain away the continuity problem. Fennimore in fact first appeared in DC Comics in 1947, and was one of the more popular “funny stuff” characters at DC. In the 1980s, it was established that Fennimore existed on Earth-C, as part of the DC Multiverse. More recently, Earth-C has been renamed Earth-26, and is shown to still exist as part of DC’s New 52 multiverse. For the purposes of this book, we might assume that the Cartoon Universe and Earth-C/26 are not the same, but the pre-Captain Carrot Dodo and the Frog may have existed in both realities. Next we move into the characters who originated from MGM, though I believe they are now owned by Warner Bros. The first to discuss is Droopy. Droopy appears in Toontown operating an elevator. Droopy debuted in 1943’s Dumb-Hounded. The wolf from Dumb Hounded was meant to appear during the scene where Jessica Rabbit is performing, but it was cut. In Red Hot Riding Hood, it was revealed the wolf who was an adversary of Droopy was also the wolf from one variant version of Little Red Riding Hood that began in the traditional manner but then diverged into an alternate modernized retelling of the story. George, one half of the George and Junior team, appears. George and Junior were bears based on George and Lennie from Of Mice and Men. They debuted in 1946’s Henpecked Hoboes. The octopus from the George and Junior short Half-Pint Pygmy also appears in Roger Rabbit, working as a bartender. Since Half-Pint Pygmy was released in 1948, George and Junior have not yet encountered the octopus at this point. Screwy Squirrel appears in a framed picture on Lena Hyena’s wall and is also mentioned by a bar patron in Roger Rabbit. Screwy debuted in 1944’s Screwball Squirrel. Screwy’s adversary, Meathead Dog, also appears, sniffing around the Maroon Studios lot. Tom and Jerry were originally meant to appear, seen comforting each other at Marvin Acme’s funeral, but that scene was cut. However, since it was the writer’s and director’s intention to include them originally, I’m still counting appearance that were put in then cut as crossovers. Tom and Jerry debuted in 1940’s Puss Gets the Boot (where Tom was named Jasper and Jerry was named Jinx!) Another stronger connection between Tom and Jerry and Roger Rabbit occurs through the appearance of the witch from The Flying Sorceress, a Tom and Jerry short which was released in 1956, meaning the famous cat and mouse have not yet encountered her at this point. Spike also appears in Roger Rabbit. Spike is a supporting character in Tom and Jerry. He is a dog owned by the same family that owns Tom. Sometimes he is called Butch or just Bulldog. He has a son named Tyke. He first appeared in 1942’s Dog Trouble. Interestingly, his temporary name change to Butch occurred when Droopy gained a nemesis in 1949 named Spike who was nearly identical to Tom and Jerry’s Spike. Since that second Spike debuted in 1949, we can be assured that the Spike in Roger Rabbit is the one who debuted in 1942. The second Spike confusingly also was sometimes renamed Butch, and for a time spun off into his own series of shorts. Despite the shared name and appearance, they were separate characters. However, likely due to confusion from the next generation of animators, in the short lived 1980s Tom and Jerry Comedy Show, the two were conflated. Based on that, we could assume that both versions of Spike/Butch were always the same character, if not for Tom and Jerry: The Magic Ring and later Tom and Jerry movies in which the two dogs were again shown to be separate characters. So how then to explain that brief period of two years (1980 - 1982) when they were conflated? Since they were identical in almost every way, perhaps they were indeed identical brothers, one living a domesticated life with Tom and Jerry, while the other a more sinister path as Droopy’s constant adversary. In the Tom and Jerry Show, though seemingly the same character, he appeared in separate Tom and Jerry segments and Droopy segments, so it’s easy to presume the Tom and Jerry segments featured one brother and the Droopy segments featured the other. So which is Spike and which is Butch. It seems they both shared both names, but in the more recent canon, Tom’s pesky nemesis is named Butch and Droopy’s foe is named Spike. However, it’s safe to assume that whatever they were called, the characters they interacted with (Tom and Jerry or Droopy) determines which of the brothers we see. But in the Tom and Jerry films, they make clear that it’s Tom and Jerry’s friend and not Droopy’s foe, despite the bulldog’s interactions with Droopy. So that wraps up MGM. Let’s now discuss characters that originated from Paramount Pictures/Fleischer/Famous Studios. The company started off as Fleischer Studios, but when Paramount bought out the company in 1942, it was renamed Famous Studios. In 1956, it became Paramount Cartoon Studios. The first to discuss is Betty Boop. Boop oop a doop. (Sorry, couldn’t resist.) Betty Boop first appeared in 1930’s Dizzy Dishes. In Roger Rabbit, she is now working as a cigarette girl because she didn’t make the transition to color like other toons and so she has a hard time finding work in cartoons. In Roger Rabbit, she is still in black and white. Eddie Valiant, who prior to 1942, worked regularly in Toontown, seemed to be old friends with Betty, and though he hated most toons (due to one killing his brother), he was still extremely friendly to Betty. Wiffle Piffle also appears, who was one of the recurring antagonists in Betty Boop cartoons. Koko the Clown also appears, a character who debuted in 1919! His debut was in Out of the Inkwell, where the character would interact with his creator, Max Fleischer, another demonstration that toons were once aware of their fictionality, and that indeed the Cartoon Universe is a tulpa type reality brought to life based on the imaginations of people from the Live Action Universe. In the modern era, it seems that toons have lost their awareness of their relationship to the Live Action Universe, or at least they don’t talk about it as much. One very interesting cameo is that of the Noveltoons Joker, a jack-in-the-box that became the mascot of Noveltoons, and later Harvey Comics, starting in 1943. What’s interesting is the mascot only appeared as the opening logo for the cartoons, and on Harvey covers and in ads. Roger Rabbit is its only actual story appearance that I have found. Technically, though, and later entries will prove this point, even television commercials and print advertising has a place in the Cartoon Universe canon. Popeye also appears in the deleted scene at the funeral, along with Olive and Bluto. Popeye originated from the comic strip called Thimble Theatre. Thimble Theatre was a comic strip created in 1919, in which Popeye was first introduced in 1929. He soon became the star due to his popularity, and the strip was renamed after him. His first appearance in a cartoon was actually in the Betty Boop short Popeye the Sailor, in which Popeye literally came out to the comics and into the cartoon world. This would make the animated Popeye both an adaption of the comic strip, and a spin-off of Betty Boop, but due to his popularity and being the longest lived of the Fleischer Studios series, he does not get treated as a spin-off in this reference guide. The strip and cartoon, though similar, had enough differences to maintain that while the animated Popeye may exists in the Cartoon Universe, his comic version likely takes place in some alternate reality. In fact, his first animated appearance may have been that of his comic counterpart, considering the circumstances, with all his other animated appearances being that of the Cartoon Universe counterpart. Casper was also cut from his appearance at the funeral. The animated Casper is based on a children’s book from 1939. His first animated debut was in 1945. The cartoons made some changes from the book, so that we must consider the book to exist in some alternate reality. The Casper of the Cartoon Universe lives with other ghosts in a haunted house in the woods outside a community which is probably Toontown. He is actually not a dead human. In this case, ghosts are a separate supernatural species. Casper’s parents were also ghosts. The later Harvey Comics version is also a different reality. There, Casper lives in an Enchanted Forest, where fairytale characters exist. Likewise, the later live action films portray Casper as a dead boy named Casper McFadden, so these also take place in an alternate universe. (Note in the latter’s case, the live action films are referenced in my last book, the Horror Crossover Encyclopedia, as existing in the Horror Universe due to a crossover in the first of those films with Ghostbusters.) Superman also appears at the deleted funeral scene, comforting Mighty Mouse. This is the Fleischer Studios version of Superman. For the purposes of this reference guide, every different variation of Superman will be considered as a separate series, whether in animation or other mediums. Roger Rabbit only brings in at this time the version from the 1940s Fleischer/Famous shorts. This version of Superman originally could not fly, but by the end of the series could. He operated out of Manhattan rather than Metropolis. Other later entries (meaning post 1940s era, so you may have already read them if you are reading this in release date order) will reveal other versions of Superman existing in the same Cartoon Universe, while others seem to exist in alternate realities. The Superman of the various series tied to the main Cartoon Universe, whether it be from the Fleischer shorts, the New Adventures of Superman, the Super Friends, the 1988 Superman, or various cameos and guest appearances in other cartoons, are all the same Superman. While in my previous work with the Horror Universe (and before that the Television Crossover Universe), continuity was very important. In the Cartoon Universe, it’s been demonstrated that this is a reality with very flexible rules. Thus, it’s very possible that the characteristics of Superman could change over time, and seem different when viewed from the perspectives of different characters and communities of the Cartoon Universe. So the Superman appearing (almost) in Roger Rabbit could indeed be the same Superman who pops up from time to time in Family Guy! As we get to more Superman cartoon appearances, I will explore this issue some more. The Fox and the Crow are the only crossover from Columbia Pictures...and their scene was cut. They were to appear in Toontown when Eddie is looking for Jessica. But the crossover is still valid, so we can discuss them. They first appeared in 1941 in a modernized adaptation of the Aesop fairy tale. The duo continued to appear into shorts until 1950, but their legacy lasted even longer in comics. DC Comics gained the license for the characters and started the Fox and Crow as a comic series starting in 1945, when the golden age of super-heroes was dying down and being replaced by funny animals and westerns. The characters continued to be published by DC well into the 1960s. They would still continue to be referenced (as fictional) within the main DC Universe for decades after. Unlike with Popeye and Casper, the Fox and the Crow comic does seem to be the same version as the cartoons and so fits nicely in the Cartoon Universe. It should be noted that while DC Comics has established Earth-C (later Earth-26) as the home of their funny animal characters, the Fox and the Crow were never actually demonstrated to exist on Earth-C (26) until the Captain Carrot mini-series The Final Arc, a tie in to their Final Crisis series. There, they were shown to be part of Earth-26, the New 52 version of Earth-C. Earth-26 still exists as demonstrated by the recent Multiversity mini-series. Since the New 52 is a self-contained multiverse with a specific group of 52 alternate realities, it does not necessarily work with the Cartoon Multiverse. Which is good, because Earth-C/26 is a demonstratively different reality than the Cartoon Universe. Likely, the Cartoon Multiverse and DC’s New 52 are both multiverses within a larger Omniverse. Moving on to Universal Studios/Walter Lantz, we have an appearance by Woody Woodpecker, who first debuted in 1940’s Knock Knock. Buzz Buzzard is also seen. Though a recurring foe of Woody, at the time in which Roger Rabbit is set, Woody and Buzz (hey, Woody and Buzz, get it? Toy Story) have not yet crossed paths. Buzz first appeared in the 1948 Woody short Wet Blanket Policy. Papa Panda also appears, the father of Andy Panda. Both Andy and Papa debuted in Life Begins for Andy Panda in 1939. Chilly Willy is also mentioned by a man in the bar who is mocking Eddie’s clientele. Chilly Willy didn’t debut until 1953, but apparently he was still well known in Hollywood in 1947 to get referenced by the man in the bar. The bar patron also mentions Dinky Doodle, who first appeared in 1924. He also refers to Bo Peep. Bo Peep is of course a nursery rhyme, but since he’s referring to toons, it’s likely he means the Bo Peep from 1942’s Mother Goose on the Loose. Next we move on to Terrytoons, starting with Mighty Mouse, who was part of the cut funeral scene, where he was comforting Superman. Technically, Mighty Mouse first appeared, as Super Mouse, in 1942’s Mouse of Tomorrow. He was renamed Mighty Mouse in 1944’s The Wreck of the Hesperus. The Mighty Mouse comic book from Marvel Comics in the 1990s however made canon that Super Mouse was actually an alternate Earth doppelganger of Mighty Mouse. They were two distinct characters, much like the difference between the golden age/Earth-2 Superman and his later silver age/Earth-1 counterpart. Super Mouse is nicknamed Terry the First, and he doesn’t talk, while on the other hand, Mighty Mouse tends to sing...a lot. Both characters have had numerous varied origin stories, any of which could be correct given the nature of how the Cartoon Universe works. Heckle and Jeckle also appear, for debuted in 1946’s The Talking Magpies. The Temperamental Lion, from the 1939 short of the same name, appears in the final scene of Roger Rabbit. Thus far, all the crosses we’ve discussed make sense for an animated crossover story set in 1947. The next crossover to discuss seems more forced than logical. It’s like they said, “Hey, they gave us permission, so let’s do it. Who cares if it makes sense.” I’m talking about Garfield, who makes a “blink and you’ll miss him” cameo. Garfield. Yes, Garfield. He hates Mondays and historical continuity. He loves lasagna and illogical cameos. Garfield first appeared in a comic strip by Jim Davis in 1978. His leap to animation was 1982’s Here Comes Garfield. His animated appearances mostly fit perfectly in the same continuity as the comic strip, so both are considered part of the same canon. So why is Garfield in 1947 Toontown? How is Garfield in 1947 Toontown? Toons do age much slower than people in the real world, or even the Live Action Universe, so it could be Garfield is that old, and this is his earliest chronological appearance. But time travel seems to at times be relatively easy in the Cartoon Universe as well. And it doesn’t even have to make sense. So this may be 1988 Garfield popping back to 1947 for the sole purpose of making a cameo? So which is it? Doesn’t matter. All that matters is that Garfield is there, and thus Garfield is brought into the Cartoon Universe. Finally from Terry Toons is Gandy Goose. Gandy first appeared in 1938’s The Owl and the Pussycat and was often teamed with Sourpuss. From King Features Syndicate, only Felix the Cat is representing. Felix first appeared in 1919’s Feline Follies. United Features Syndicate also only has one representative, and that is Li’l Abner. Li’l Abner started as a comic strip, created by Al Capp, that began in 1934. In 1944, he transitioned to animated shorts that didn’t contradict the comic strip, thus we can conclude his appearance brings in both the strip and shorts as part of the same canon. The final group to discuss are the characters from Hanna-Barbera. Only two make it into Roger Rabbit, and both anachronistic. The first is Yakky Doodle. Yakky did have his own series, but he was a spin-off character, first appearing in an Augie Doggie and Doggie Daddy segment of the Quick Draw McGraw Show in 1959. The other is Scooby-Doo! (Exclamation point apparently required.) Scooby first appeared in 1969 in television’s Scooby-Doo, Where are You! The same explanations apply as for Garfield. I do understand that Hanna-Barbera did not take off as a studio in its own right until 1957, but is one of the major classic animation studios, and so they felt it needed some representation.




Release Date: July 1969 - Ongoing at time of writing

Series: Sesame Street

The Story: Sesame Street is a neighborhood in New York City where humans interact with muppets, monsters, and talking animals. Usually, topics of conversation are letters, numbers, and concepts like cooperation.

Notes: This series takes place for the most part in the Live Action Universe. I had put a lot of thought into whether to include puppetry series as animated series that counted as crossover connections, but the consensus of my consulting think tank was that puppets shouldn’t count. (This from the same group that convinced me video games should count.) On Sesame Street, there have been numerous guest animated shorts, that are not technically part of the Sesame Street canon, but rather were self-contained. Many of these in fact were continuations of other series canon, but since they are stand-alone, they were not crossovers and thus don’t get write-ups. Some of these cartoons included the New Adventures of Batman, The New Adventures of Superman, The Archie Show, and Beetle Bailey. There have been numerous others as well.

1971--James Craddock comes back to life as a ghost. The Martian Manhunter leaves Earth when Mars became desolate to help his people search for a new world. In late 1971, shortly after the Martian Manhunter had left Earth, a group of the Leaguers gathered together and decide to call themselves Super Friends. This is another significant departure from the parallel universe of Earth-One. The name stuck for years, and over time, the name Superfriends was used to describe all members of the Justice League of America. In the first issue of the Super Friends comic book, E. Nelson Bridwell makes it very clear that the Super Friends are sort of a volunteer organization, under the umbrella of the Justice League of America. The founding members of the Justice League's Super Friends organization consisted of Aquaman,Batman,Robin, Superman, Wonder Woman, Hawkman, the Flash, Green Lantern, Black Vulcan And Samurai. The formation of team and members depicted in the Season 3 episode, History of Doom.

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1972--THE BRADY KIDS--"That Was No Worthy Opponent, That Was My Sister"--Superman and Wonder Woman meet the Brady Kids. This is a precursor to Superfriends.

1972--Superman and Wonder Woman return Gentleman Ghost to the grave. The team moves their headquarters from the secret cave to the Hall of Justice, located in Gotham City. The Hall was equipped with an advanced communications network and "Trouble Alert" system (TroubAlert). They maintained a relationship with important government officials such as Colonel Wilcox, who often alerted the Super Friends to various global threats, including alien invasions. In the parallel universe of Earth-One the Justice League's headquarters were an orbiting satellite. This was depicted in Justice League of America, Vol. 1 #78 (February, 1970) found at the DC Database. Early on, the weekly meetings only consisted of Superman, Wonder Woman, Aquaman, Batman and Robin.

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1973--Popeye would later meet Superman in 1973.

September 1973--SNEEK PEEK--Superman, Batman, Bugs Bunny, Lassie...yeah, it's a crossover.

Super Friends/Super Powers Team (1973 - 1986)
  • This was a cartoon that ran in various incarnations for 13 seasons.
  • There was also a comic book tie-in that was for a time considered to be part of Earth-1 canon.
  • According to the comic, the Super Friends was created as a youth training program. Marvin and Wendy were the first two candidates, later replaced by Zan and Jayna. Superman, Wonder Woman, Batman, Robin and Aquaman were instructors due to their experience as teen heroes. The Super Friends were part of the Justice League of America.

1978--LUPIN THE THIRD: THE SECRET OF MAMO--Salvatore Cucinotta says: Well, here's a weird bit. In a "Batman vs. Lupin III" thread, someone linked an image of Lupin in a picture with Batman, Robin, Wonder Woman, Superman and Aquaman. It comes from the Lupin film "The Mystery of Mamo", 1 hour, 16 minutes, 40 seconds in. Currently available to watch on Hulu.

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Release Date: July 1982
Series: Superman (Silver Age); He-Man and the Masters of the Universe
The Story: Superman is drawn from his world to Eternia, a planet in an alternate universe, where he becomes a pawn in Skeletor's quest to take Castle Greyskull.
Notes: This team-up was a pilot for the Masters of the Universe mini-series, a four issue DC Comics mini-series that included a preview story that was inserted into many DC titles. The preview also featured Superman, but that main mini-series did not have Superman. This DC version came before the animated series, and was based on the initial mythos created for the toyline. However, much of the mythos presented here for He-Man and the Master of the Universe still fits into the later animated series canon. Eternia was said to exist in a separate reality within the DC multiverse. He-Man’s mother may have came from Earth of that alternate reality or Eternia may in fact be the alternate Earth, in which case He-Man’s mother may have been meant to come from DC’s Earth-1. For our purposes, since the Super Friends implies most of the silver age Superman mythology is in their continuity, we can assume that the Superman of this story is the Cartoon Universe Superman, that He-Man’s mother comes from the Cartoon Universe, and that Eternia is part of the Cartoon Multiverse.

1988--SUPERMAN-This animated adventure may be a divergent timeline. There is a crossover, so it earns a place here.

1988--SUPERMAN--Matt Hickman says: Here's something I noticed in the SuperMan 1988 episode “Cybron Strikes”. Superman fights a cyborg from the future named Cybron obviously. Then in the 1995-1996 animated series Sky Surfer Strike Force, the main bad guy is a cyborg name Cybron. Now granted they look different and the Cybron on the Superman show acts less human and has Different powers from the one on Sky Surfer Strike Force and looks different but Perhaps he upgraded himself like he's actually Cybron 3.0 or something. Plus on the Superman show they never say what year Cybron came from. On Skysurfer we never see his final defeat. Plus both shows are Ruby-Spears Productions.


Release Date: March 11, 1992
Series: Tiny Toon Adventures
Other Crosses: Superman
The Story: All the Tiny Toons go on summer vacations.
Notes: When Superman saves Buster and Babs from falling, they tell him to go make his own direct-to-video movie.

Release Date: October 1, 1992 - ongoing at time of writing
Series: Cartoon Network
Animated Series Crosses: The Addams Family (Animated); The Addams Family (1992 Animated Revival); Adventures of Aquaman; Adventures of Gulliver; Adventure Time; Almost Naked Animals; Alvin and the Chipmunks; Amazing Chan and the Chan Clan; Amazing Spiez!; The Amazing World of Gumball; Angelo Rules; Animaniacs; Aqua Teen Hunger Force; Arabian Knights; Astro Boy; Atom Ant; Atomic Betty; Augie Doggie and Doggie Daddy; Baby Looney Tunes; B.A.E.: The Bremen Avenue Experience; Bakugan; Banana Splits; Barney Bear; Batman Beyond; Batman: The Animated Series; Batman: The Brave and the Bold; Battle of the Planets; Beany and Cecil; Beetlejuice (Animated); Ben 10; Beware the Batman; Beyblade; Big Baby; Big Bag; The Big O; Birdman; Blue Dragon; Bob Clampett Show; Bobobo-bo Bo-bobo; Bomberman Jetters; The Brak Show; Breezly and Sneezly; Buford and the Galloping Ghost; Bugs Bunny; Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kids (Animated); Calling Cat-22!; Camp Lazlo; Capitol Critters; The Captain and the Kids; Captain Caveman; Captain Planet; Cardcaptors; Cartoon Cartoon(s)/What a Cartoon!; Cartoon Planet; Casper and the Angels; Casper’s Scare School; Cattanooga Cats; Cave Kids; CB Bears; Centurions; Chaotic; Chop Socky Chooks; Chuck Jones Show; Chuck Norris: Karate Kommandos; Clarence; Clue Club; Code Lyoko; Codename: Kids Next Door; Courage the Cowardly Dog; Cow and Chicken; The Cramp Twins; Cyborg 009; Daffy Duck; Dastardly and Muttley in Their Flying Machines; DC Nation; Dennis the Menace (1986 Animated); Detentionaire; Deviln; Dexter’s Laboratory; D.I.C.E.; Dingbat; Dink, the Little Dinosaur; Dino Boy; Don Coyote; Dragon Ball Z; Dragon Hunters; Droopy; Duck Dodgers; Dudley Do-Right; Duel Masters; Dynomutt; Ed, Edd n Eddy; Ed Grimley; Evil Con Carne; Fangface; Fantastic Four (1992 Cartoon); Fantastic Four: World’s Greatest Heroes (2006 Cartoon); Fantastic Max; Fantastic Voyages of Sinbad the Sailor (1996 Cartoon); Firehouse Tales; Flintstone Kids; Flintstones; Foster’s Home for Imaginary Friends; Frankenstein, Jr. (Hanna-Barbera); Freakazoid!; Funky Phantom; Galaxy Goof-Ups; Galaxy Trio; Galtar and the Golden Lance; Garfield; Gary Coleman Show; Generator Rex; George of the Jungle; George of the Jungle (2007 reboot); Gerald McBoing-Boing; G-Force: Guardians of Space (Reboot of Battle of the Planets); G.I. Joe; GoBots; Godzilla (1990s Cartoon); Goober and the Ghost Chasers; Gordon the Garden Gnome; Gormiti; Grape Ape; Green Lantern: The Animated Series; The Grim Adventures of Billy & Mandy; Grojband; Gumby; Gundam; .hack; Hamtaro; Harlem Globetrotters (Animated); Harry and His Bucket Full of Dinosaurs; Harvey Birdman, Attorney at Law; Heathcliff; Help!... It’s the Hair Bear Bunch; He-Man and the Masters of the Universe; Herculoids; Hero: 108; The High Fructose Adventures of Annoying Orange; Hi Hi Puffy AmiYumi; Hillbilly Bears; Hokey Wolf; Hong Kong Phooey; Hot Dog TV; Hot Wheels; How To Train Your Dragon; Huckleberry Hound; I am Weasel; Idaten Jump; Immortal Grand Prix; Impossibles (Hanna-Barbera); Inch High, Private Eye; Jabberjaw; Jackie Chan Adventures; James Bond Jr.; Jetsons; Johnny Bravo; Johnny Test; Jonny Quest; Josie and the Pussycats; Justice League; Knights of the Zodiac; Krypto the Superdog; Kwicky Koala Show; La’Antz and Derek; Laff-A-Lympics; Land Before Time; Late Night Black & White; League of Super Evil; Legends of Chima; Lego Ninjago; The Life and Times of Juniper Lee; Lippy the Lion & Hardy Har Har; Li’l Abner; Little Robots; Long Live the Royals; Looney Tunes; The Looney Tunes Show; Loopy De Loop; MAD; Magilla Gorilla; MAR; Marmaduke; Martian Successor Nadesico; The Marvelous Misadventures of Flapjack; Max Steel; Mega Man; Megas XLR; MetaJets; Midnight Patrol; Mighty Magiswords; Mighty Man and Yukk; Mighty Mightor; Mike, Lu & Og; Mr. Men Show; Mister T; Mixels; Moby Dick (Cartoon); Motormouse and Autocat; The Moxy Show; !Mucha Lucha!; Mumbly; My Gym Partner’s a Monkey; Nacho Bear; Naruto; Neon Genesis Evangelion; New Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1992 Animated); Ninja Robots; O Canada; One Piece; Outlaw Star; Over the Garden Wall; Ozzy & Drix; Pac-Man; Paw Paws; Pecola; Pepe Le Pew; Peppa Pig; Perils of Penelope Pitstop; Pet Alien; Peter Potamus; Pink Panther; Pirates of Dark Water; Pixie and Dixie and Mr. Jinks; Pokemon; Popeye; Porky Pig; Pound Puppies; Powerpuff Girls; Precious Pupp; Prince of Tennis; Princess Natasha; The Problem Solverz; Punkin’ Puss & Mushmouse; A Pup Named Scooby-Doo; Quick Draw McGraw; Rad Roach; Rave Master; Real Adventures of Jonny Quest; ReBoot; Redakai; Regular Show; Rescue Heroes; Richie Rich; Ricochet Rabbit & Droop-a-Long; Road Rovers; Road Runner; Robotboy; Robotech; Robotomy; Rocket Jo; Rocky and Bullwinkle; Roger Ramjet; Roman Holidays; Ronin Warriors; Ruff and Reddy Show; Run It Back; Rurouni Kenshin; Sailor Moon; Samurai Jack; Scan2Go; Scaredy Squirrel; Scooby-Doo!; Scooby-Doo! Mystery Incorporated; Screwy Squirrel; Sealab 2020; Secret Mountain Fort Awesome; The Secret Saturdays; Secret Squirrel; Shazzan; Sheep in the Big City; Shirt Tales; Shmoo; Sidekick; Silverhawks; Sitting Ducks; 6teen; Skatebirds; Skunk Fu!; Sky Commanders; Small World; Smurfs; Snagglepuss; Snooper and Blabber; Snorks; Sonic the Hedgehog; Space Ace; Space Ghost; Space Ghost Coast to Coast; Space Kidettes; Space Stars; Speed Buggy; Speed Racer; Spliced; Squiddly Diddly; Squirrel Boy; Star Wars: Clone Wars; Static Shock; Steven Universe; Stoked!; Storm Hawks; Sunday Pants; Super Chicken; Super Friends; Super Hero Squad Show; Superman: The Animated Series; Supernoobs; The Swashbuckling Perils of the Adventures of the Men & Jeremy; SWAT Kats; Sym-Bionic Titan; The Talented Mr. Bixby; Taz-Mania; Team Galaxy; Teddy Blue Eyes; Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (2003); Teen Titans; Teen Titans Go!; Tenchi; Tenkai Knights; Tennessee Tuxedo; Tex Avery Show; The Batman; These Are the Days; Thundarr the Barbarian; ThunderCats; ThunderCats (2011); Time Squad; Tiny Toon Adventures; Tom and Jerry; Tom and Jerry Kids; Toonami; ToonHeads; Top Cat; Total Drama; Totally Spies!; Touche Turtle and Dum Dum; Track Rats; Transformers: Armada; Transformers: Beast Wars; Transformers: Cybertron; Transformers: Energon; Transformers: Robots in Disguise; Tweety and Sylvester; 2 Stupid Dogs; Uncle Grandpa; Underdog; Valley of the Dinosaurs; Voltron; Wacky Races; Wait Till Your Father Gets Home; Wally Gator; Waynehead; We Bare Bears; Wedgies; What a Cartoon!; Whatever Happened To… Robot Jones?; Wheelie and the Chopper Bunch; Where’s Huddles?; Wildfire; Winsome Witch; Winx Club; Woody Woodpecker; Wulin Warriors; Xiaolin Showdown; X-Men: Evolution; Yakky Doodle; Yippee, Yappee and Yahooey; Yogi Bear; Yoko! Jakamoko! Toto!; Young Justice; Young Robin Hood; Young Samson; Yu-Gi-Oh!; YuYu Hakusho; Zatch Bell!; Zixx; Zoids
Other Crosses: Bobb’e Says; BrainRush; Destroy Build Destroy; Dude, What Would Happen; Goosebumps; Hole in the Wall; Incredible Crew; Level Up; My Dad’s a Pro; The Othersiders; Out of Jimmy’s Head; Re: Evolution of Sports; Run It Back; Slamball; Survive This; 10 Count; Thumb Wrestling Federation; Tower Prep; Unnatural History
The Story: Several short stories featuring numerous Cartoon Network characters, original and acquired, in various shared reality segments.
Notes: Since its inception, Cartoon Network has run numerous promos that featured it’s original characters and acquired properties in original short segments that demonstrate that everything seen on Cartoon Network, original or reruns from other networks, takes place in the same shared reality. Most of the segments take place at the Cartoon Network studios, or the town the studio is set in, which seems to be Townsville from the Powerpuff Girls. I conjecture that Townsville is nearby Los Angeles and Toontown. However, there is evidence elsewhere, in Phineas and Ferb, that Townsville is part of the same Tri-State Area as Dansville from Phineas and Ferb. There are several areas in the United States that are known as the Tri-State area, and California is not in any known “tri-state area”. Note that some of the series above are not part of the main Cartoon Universe. Also, some of these series exist in the past for future. Clearly Cartoon Network has access to travel between time and alternate realities.

Release Date: 1995 - 2008
Animated Series Crosses: Animaniacs; Baby Looney Tunes; The Batman; Batman: The Animated Series; Batman Beyond; Bugs Bunny; Daffy Duck; Looney Tunes; Tweety & Sylvester; Pinky and the Brain; Tiny Toon Adventures; Coconut Fred’s Fruit Salad Island; Detention; Freakazoid!; Histeria!; Johnny Test; Krypto the Superdog; Legion of Super Heroes; Loonatics Unleashed; Monster Allergy; !Mucha Lucha!; Superman: The Animated Series; Ozzy & Drix; Road Rovers; Scooby-Doo!; Static Shock; Teen Titans; Tom and Jerry; Waynehead; Xiaolin Showdown; The Zeta Project; Codename: Kids Next Door; Foster’s Home For Imaginary Friends; The Powerpuff Girls; Captain Planet; Channel Umptee-3; Generation O!; Jackie Chan Adventures; Men in Black (Animated); Phantom Investigators; Spectacular Spider-Man; Pokemon; Cubix; Yu-Gi-Oh!; Astro Boy; Cardcaptor Sakura; Dragon Ball Z; MegaMan NT Warrior; Sailor Moon; Spider Riders; Transformers: Cybertron; Viewtiful Joe; X-Men: Evolution; World of Quest; Magi-Nation; Will and Dewitt; Brats of the Lost Nebula; Da Boom Crew; Earthworm Jim; Eon Kid; Invasion America; Legend of Calamity Jane; Max Steel; Mummy (Animated); Rescue Heroes; Skunk Fu!
Other Crosses: The Nightmare Room
The Story: Various scenarios. See notes.
Notes: Kids’ WB promos often showed original animation that featured characters from their various programs interacting with each other in a shared universe. Thus, all Kids’ WB programs can be presumed to exist within the Cartoon Universe. One major glitch to this is that some of these shows are clearly not in the same reality. For instance, The Batman is listed above, but the DC Animated Universe that began with Batman: The Animated Series is also there. This can be explained. The Cartoon Multiverse is a series of divergent timelines. In the Justice League Unlimited episode “The Once and Future Thing”, Chronos went back to the dawn of time, the moment from DC continuity where a single universe split into an infinite multiverse. During that episode, Chronos’ constant time travel interference caused the timeline to continuously shift. For example, at one point, John Stewart, the Green Lantern of the DCAU, was replaced by Hal Jordan, who was Green Lantern in the comics and on Super Friends, but never in the DCAU. The Super Friends exists in the main Cartoon Universe timeline (Earth-1A), but whenever we see other versions of DC characters, such as from Batman: the Animated Series or The Batman, we should blame Chronos for a temporary shifting of the timeline. The same premise should be applied to other series like Spectacular Spider-Man (which doesn’t sync with the main Cartoon Universe timeline) or certain reboots like Transformers: Cybertron.

May 1998--SIMPSONS--"Lost Our Lisa"--When Homer believes he is about to be killed, he prays for SUPERMAN to save him. He survives, though there is no intervention from the man of steel.

Release Date: September 30, 1999
Other Crosses: Cool Hand Luke; Wizard of Oz; Brady Bunch
Cutaway Crosses:  Love Boat; Superman; Sanford and Son
Non-Crosses:  Dick Van Dyke Show
The Story: Peter’s father comes to visit and makes everyone miserable with his religious self-righteousness, so Peter kidnaps the pope in hopes that His Eminence can help convince Peter’s dad that Peter is a good father.
Notes: Other Crosses:  While driving the “Popemobile”, Peter passes the chain gang from Cool Hand Luke, implying a version of that film exists within the Cartoon Universe, taking place in the 1990s, and is set in New England. The Scarecrow and Tin Man from the Wizard of Oz appear in Peter’s living room, in a scene that mirrors the ending where Dorothy says goodbye. Only instead of the Cowardly Lion, actress Kristy McNichol is there. The Brady kids run down the stairs at the Griffin home when an orchestra plays their theme.  Cutaway Crosses:  When Brian mentions the scene from the Bible where Abraham almost kills Isaac, a cutaway shows Abraham Lincoln attempting to kill Isaac from the Love Boat. I don’t consider this to be canonical for the Cartoon Universe. Also not canon is the scene in which Peter imagines himself in Hell. Superman is there, having killed a prostitute for making fun of his being faster than a speeding bullet. Fortunately, since this scene was imagined by Peter, it doesn’t count as part of Cartoon Universe canon.  Another cutaway shows Peter and his father replacing Lamont and Fred on Sanford and Son.  Non-Crosses:  An alternate opening to the Dick Van Dyke Show is seen.

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Release Date: October 27, 2004 - November 14, 2007
Series: Drawn Together
Animated Series Crosses: Roger Rabbit
The Story: A reality show, with cartoon characters. This show features cartoon archetypes, who show us how cartoons behave behind the scenes.
Notes: The Drawn Together house is in Toontown, making each episode a crossover with Who Framed Roger Rabbit. As noted above, all the housemates are animation archetypes. Captain Hero is a super-hero drawn in the style of the DC Animated Universe that includes Batman: the Animated Series, Superman: the Animated Series, and Justice League. Wooldoor Sockbat is a character who resembles Spongebob, but also has characteristics of classic characters like Bugs Bunny. Princess Clara is a Disney Princess. Foxy Love is a former mystery solving teen musician, in the tradition of Scooby-Doo and Josie and the Pussycats. Toot Braunstein is a parody of classic black and white animated shorts, particularly Betty Boop. Xandir is a video game character modeled after Link from the Legend of Zelda. Spanky Ham is an internet comic/meme. And finally, Ling-Ling is a Pokemon, inspired by Pikachu. Every episode of Drawn Together was filled with crossovers, albeit with adult themes, that reinforced the Roger Rabbit/Toontown concept that is the foundation of the Cartoon Universe and the Cartoon Crossover Encyclopedia.

Release Date: May 15, 2005
Animated Series Crosses: Keebler Elves; Snap, Crackle and Pop (Rice Krispies)
Other Crosses: Star Wars
The Story: Quagmire attempts to overcome his sex addiction while Peter goes blind from over consumption of nickels trying to break a record.
Notes: The Keebler Elves plot against Snap, Crackle and Pop with the help of actor Judd Hirsch. After an act of heroism, Peter is rewarded in a manner similar to the ending of Star Wars episode IV, including appearances of Chewbacca, C3PO, and R2D2. In a non-canonical flashback, which is likely only part of Peter’s imagination, Peter once lived at Superman’s Fortress of Solitude, and was a distraction during a meeting of the Justice League.

Release Date: October 27 - November 10, 2010
Other Crosses: Lovecraft’s Cthulhu Mythos; Superman
The Story: The super-heroic Coon forms a new team of heroes called Coon and Friends, but soon the Coon finds himself facing dissention in the ranks, a rival called Captain Hindsight, and Cthulhu, who has risen in reaction to the BP oil spill. Additionally, it is revealed that Mysterion (Kenny McCormick) has the ability to return to life each time he’s killed, with nobody remembering his death, because of his parents’ previous involvement in a Cthulhu cult.
Notes: Technically, the revelation explaining the long running gag regarding Kenny’s death in each episode only to return in the next makes the entire series a crossover with Lovecraft’s Cthulhu Mythos. This storyline is referenced in the 2013 film Thou Gild’st the Even when one of the characters declares “I can’t die” as Kenny does. Of course, it’s been established that toons of the Cartoon Universe generally can’t die. But there have been exceptions. As has also been established, the Cartoon Universe is actually more of a “patchwork” of numerous overlapping realities. In each city, different rules seem to apply (the rules set by that show’s creators, of course). So this explanation for Kenny’s death is explained in a manner that fits the South Park rules. But, we might view this explanation in a broader sense and postulate that perhaps the very nature of most toons’ immortality and the Cartoon Universe itself, a reality shaped by the psychic energy of denizens of the Live Action Universe, may somehow be connected to the Old Ones of Lovecraft’s multiversal Cthulhu Mythos. Superman and Lex Luthor are also referenced as being real, and Cartman (as the Coon) claims that Superman isn’t around anymore because he never teamed up with Luthor.

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Release Date: June 21,1986 (Setting is an indeterminate time in the near future)

Series: Project A-ko

Animated Series Crosses: Superman (Fleischer Studios); Super Dimension; Macross

Other Crosses: Wonder Woman (television)

The Story: An alien space craft crashed into Graviton City, wiping out the whole population. A new city is built in its place. A-ko and C-ko are best friends at the new Graviton City high school. A-ko is the daughter of Clark Kent and Diana Prince Kent, and has inherited superhuman strength and speed, but otherwise is an average teenager. Both girls gain the interest of B-ko, a rich girl with who is a genius with technology. B-ko has a crush on C-ko, and expresses her feelings by attacking A-ko each morning using her advanced mecha technology and her team of female followers. Eventually, the aliens return, an all-female race of aliens, who invade in order to abduct their lost princess, who turns out to be C-ko. A-ko and B-ko team-up to save Graviton City.

Notes: Though the time period is indeterminate, due to the aged and married Superman and Wonder Woman with a teen child, and based on the fact that the Cartoon Universe also includes Star Trek, I suspect this takes place in the 22nd century, at a point in the Cartoon Universe’s improbable future where the heroes would age (should they start aging) and when first contact was achieved but Earth was not yet part of the Federation. Project A-ko is followed by several sequels. A-ko’s parents are shown to be Superman and Wonder Woman, and specifically, this film references the Fleischer shorts Superman and the Bulleteers. Wonder Woman is visually based on Lynda Carter, the actress who played Wonder Woman in the 1970s television series. It could be some of the television series had similar events in the Cartoon Universe, but Wonder Woman’s appearances in Super Friends contradict the live action series, which has Wonder Woman inactive from the end of World War II to the late 1970s. This film heavily ties into Super Dimensional Fortress Macross, which itself is a crossover of the Super Dimensional trilogy and the Macross series. Project A-ko is the first Japanese animation to be brought into the Cartoon Universe, research wise, even though chronologically, there are others already presented. I should note that one of my fellow crossoverists, Salvatore Cucinotta, also believes B-ko must be the daughter of Tony Stark, aka Iron Man, based on her wealth, personality, and genius in technology and armor. However, though it makes sense, there is no actual evidence to support the idea.

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Superman (Clark Kent)--This is the Kal-El. He is represented in the DCAU by Superman the Animated Series.


Release Date: September 6, 1996 - February 12, 2000

Series: Superman: The Animated Series

The Story: The DC Animated Universe adaption of the comic book from DC Comics, particularly based on the modern/age post-Crisis version of the character, with a few golden and silver age elements thrown in.

Notes: This series was created by Timm and Dini for their Animated DC Universe following the success of Batman: The Animated Series. In the Cartoon Multiverse, this takes place on “Earth-12”, one of multiple alternate timelines. Within DC’s comic book canon, the DCAU was first shown during Zero Hour in 1994. Later, in 1998, it became part of DC’s Hypertime. Unofficially, many fans have considered the DCAU to be Earth-992 of the pre-Crisis DC Multiverse. Following Infinite Crisis in 2006, the DCAU became Earth-12 of the 52 Multiverse, and recently, writer Grant Morrison confirmed Earth-12 to still be the home of the DCAU in the New 52 multiverse. I guess this would be a good time to mention that Superman was created by Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster and his historical first appearance was Action Comics # 1, June 1938.



Release Dates: October 4, 1997

Animated Series Crosses: Batman: The Animated Series

The Story: The Joker and Lex Luthor join forces, which brings Superman and Batman together for the first time as allies.

Notes: Though Superman: TAS is technically a spin-off of Batman: TAS, as they were meant from the start to share a reality, this was the first episode to actually demonstrate that the two series shared a reality, and this story would be the genesis for the expansion that would lead to Batman Beyond, Justice League, the Zeta Project, and Justice League Unlimited. These three episodes originally aired as one singular movie, and were then split into a three parter for syndication. It can be found on DVD as the Batman/Superman Movie. Historically, Superman debuted in Action Comics # 1, June 1938, and Batman first appeared in Detective Comics # 27, May 1939. The two first shared a cover in New York World’s Fair Comics 1940, but the covers at that time were not considered part of the in-story canon. A year later, they would both regularly be featured in World’s Finest Comics, but during the golden age of the 1940s, they appeared in separate, unrelated stories. In All-Star Comics # 3, they were both mentioned as being honorary members of the Justice Society of America, the first instance in which they were shown to share the same reality. During the 1940s, the two actually appeared three times together as members of the Justice Society. In the Adventures of Superman radio drama, Batman would regularly appear to team-up with Superman. It wasn’t until 1952 that Batman would team-up with Superman in Superman’s book. This was said to be their first meeting, despite the JSA stories, thus being one of the earliest dividing lines between the continuity of the golden age/Earth-2 and silver age/Earth-1 stories. In 1954, World’s Finest Comics began featuring the Superman-Batman team as the featured story, mostly because they had to reduce the page count for economic reasons and so had one story for both rather than two separate tales. The success of the Superman-Batman team in World’s Finest has continued a tradition of teaming up DC’s most popular two characters, and soon (as of this writing), a live action feature film will finally be released putting the two iconic characters together.



Release Date: October 10, 1998

Animated Series Crosses: Batman: The Animated Series

The Story: Robin seeks out Superman’s help when Batman is missing.

Notes: Superman: The Animated Series was an indirect spin-off of Batman: The Animated Series, and in original runs of Superman: TAS, it was packaged with The New Batman Adventures (which was a continuation of Batman: TAS) as the Batman/Superman Adventures on the Kids’ WB. In syndication, it airs as in independent series. Superman and Batman would have several crossovers, and following the end of both series, both would combine for the spin-off called Justice League.



Release Date: September 18, 1999

Animated Series Crosses: Batman: The Animated Series

The Story: Batman must assist Superman when Ra’s Al Ghul comes to Metropolis.

Notes: The third crossover between Superman and Batman in the DCAU. The next meeting of the two will be in the pilot for Justice League.


Release Date: November 17, 2001 - May 29, 2004

Series:  Justice League

Animated Series Crosses:  Superman the Animated Series; Batman the Animated Series

The Story:  After joining forces to save Earth from an alien invasion, seven heroes decide to continue working together.

Notes:  This series is a spin-off of both Batman the Animated Series and Superman the Animated Series.  It takes place in the same shared reality commonly referred to as the DC Animated Universe.  Within the Cartoon Multiverse, it is designated Earth-12 (which is also its designation in the DC Multiverse).  In comics, the Justice League debuted in Brave and the Bold # 28 (1960).  The founding members in the historical first appearance were Superman, Batman, Wonder Woman, the Flash, Green Lantern Hal Jordan, Aquaman, and J’onn J’onzz.  In this animated version, the founders are Superman, Batman, Wonder Woman, the Flash, Green Lantern John Stewart, J’onn J’onzz, and Hawkgirl.  Superman’s first comic book appearance was in Action Comics # 1 (1938).  His DCAU debut was in Superman the Animated Series.  Batman’s first comic book appearance was in Detective Comics # 27 (1939).  His DCAU debut was in Batman the Animated Series.  Wonder Woman’s first comic book appearance was in All-Star Comics # 8 (1941).  This animated series is her DCAU debut.  This Flash, Barry Allen, first appeared historically in Showcase # 4 (1956).  His DCAU debut was in Superman the Animated Series.  Green Lantern John Stewart’s first comic book appearance was in Green Lantern # 87 (1972).  This is his DCAU debut, but previously, Green Lantern Kyle Rayner appeared on Superman the Animated Series.  J’onn J’onzz’s first comic book appearance was in Detective Comics # 225 (1955).  This is his DCAU debut.  This Hawkgirl, Thanagarian Shayera Thal, debuted historically in Brave and the Bold # 34 (1961).  This is also her DCAU debut.  This series would continue as Justice League Unlimited following its cancellation in this form.  In that form, the roster would increase to over 50 members! As this series incorporates many characters from the history of DC Comics, in a new DCAU form, I will not make note of every DC character that appears.  I also will note point out each episode that crosses with Superman and Batman since in a sense every episode does.  

17 Nov. 2001--Justice League--Secret Origins--Batman and Superman team up to deal with an alien invasion, and a telepathic message leads the duo to a military base housing future ally J'onn J'onzz.

17 Nov. 2001--Justice League--Secret Origins: Part II--With the nation's warheads disarmed by Superman after a peace initiative, the heroes rally to stop nocturnal alien invaders from blocking out the sun.

17 Nov. 2001--Justice League--Secret Origins: Part III--The heroes are captured by the aliens just as their leader, the Imperium, arrives. After vanquishing the invasion, they decide to officially join forces as the Justice League.


Release Date: March 1 - 8, 2003
Animated Series Crosses: Justice League; Superman: The Animated Series; Batman: The Animated Series
The Story: The League ask Static’s help in recharging their station after a power failure, but Static unwittingly releases Brainiac who possesses Gear.
Notes: This was a two parter.

Fall 2055 A.D.: Terry McGinnis is recruited by Superman to join the JLU. He discovers Superman is being controlled by Starro and helps prevent it from taking the planet over. Source: On Batman Beyond's "The Call" and "Part Two", this event happens.


I've chosen not to include comic book crossovers that don't involve characters from other mediums. You can find out more about those stories in Worlds and Mythology and in my DC Multiverse blog post found here.


  1. So you know, the official word from DC is that the new Young Justice cartoon takes place on Earth-16; NOT the standard DCAU. I can attest to a small number of differences between YJ and the established continuity of Earth-12 (though I consider them trivial enough to overlook).

    1. Zatarra is a member of the JL on Earth-16.
    2. Wally West is still the Kid Flash on Earth-16
    3. The JLA have a Hall of Justice. They don't use it anymore, but it's there.

  2. My inclusion of Young Justice in Earth-12 was based solely on my seeing it in IMDB and seeing the commercials on Cartoon Network. So I stand corrected.

  3. The Superman in American Splendor is actually a kid in a Halloween costume. It's a great film, based on the excellent biographical comic by the late Harvey Pekar. I highly recommend it.

  4. I see you have gone from a more complex system to a somewhat simplified one. While I applaud your efforts, it still seems to me that some of the "Real World (live action)" Superman projects are more contradictory to each other than you are saying, and they cannot be conflated. BUT I am also 100% for your arrangement of Clark Kent I and II and Mon El I and II, except in my case I make them out as two parallel father-and-son sets. That Kal-El has "Other Kent Parents" is due to an internal family shuffling of responsibilities at one time when the first Clark Kent had disappeared from the continuity (he was actually timetraveling then). That there is a continuity between the 1940s and 1950s Supermen I also agree, but it need not involve any shifting of chronology. Other characters (eg, Lois Lane) had aged somewhat between the two sets, and there is no problem if the Adventures of Superman represent the 1940s superman after some passage of time. Along with Chicago and Manhattan "Metropolises", though, you have some definite clues that some at least of the TV shows are taking place in California.

    I know you are allowing me my own universe so I can have my say there: in this case I am pointing out the particular parallels and contrasts between our arrangements which interest me. And I have it that while Lex Luthor and Eve Tessmacher had a daughter (who is one of my more important and popular characters), the daughter's mother's name was not directly identified as Eve Tessmacher. Instead, the Luthor child to bear the name of "Eve Tessmacher" (as two middle names) is the daughter of Lorelei Ambrosia who was fostered by Miss Tessmacher at an early age.She is very similar to Lex and Eve's actual daughter but is a distinct character: the two of them also team up on some adventures also including the mosy recent "Supergirl"

    I see mention of Laurel Gand taking off along with Mon-El but not a later mention to go with that first one. Perhaps I overlooked it.I have her as being the same as the Supergirl from the movie and the Smallville one as her daughter. This ignores the parallel career of "Clark Kent's Cousin Linda Lee (Danvers)" which must be already in existance before this "Supergirl" shows up on Earth.

    One of your entries has:"1973--SUPERMAN COMICS--Superman meets Popeye. This is not the Looniverse version of Popeye, but his Looniverse counterpart."
    I don't think you meant to write that the way it reads.

    I am in complete agreement with your statement about "Luthor Cousins, descendants of am original Luthor" involved in the later stories.

    You do make the statement that you do not feel the need to make up new names or geneologies for different secondary characters (such as when you have different Lois Lanes). To some extent, both of these things are not only necessary but vital for the reader to keep these things straight.Some form of cataloguing for the different secondary characters will always be needed.

    Good luck with your ongoing project,
    Best Wishes, Dale D.

  5. In reverse order, do you think that people are going to get confused and think that one Lois is sleeping with every version of Superman?

    Yeah, the Popeye entry was meant to say "but his TVCU counterpart."

    Laurel Gand was the Supergirl of the film, because she's Lar Gand's cousin. Kara actually appears (and dies) in Superman/Aliens.

  6. Hi there were you replying to me when you said multiple Supermen were sleeping with one Lois Lane? Because that is not what I said. What I said was that originally there was one Lois, or rather Lola Lane, one of the Lane Sisters, famous in movies, and that the other "Lois Lanes" were independantly using her name as a cover. One of these women was of greater than human nature because she seemed to possess some degree of invulnerability; she was repeatedly caught in cave-ins, collapsing buildings, and explosions and never got a the comics this is the "Super" Lois Lane: I suspect she was well aware of the "Normal" Lois Lane (who was actually being Torchy Blaine, but then Lola Lane had played Torchy Blaine in the movies)-but not vice versa. Incidentally, as I have mentioned before, I have known two different women who were named Lois Lane in real life, as well as a Doris Day and an Elizabeth Taylor.

  7. Hi, Dale. At no point was I referring to your blog at all, or any of your work. And at no point did I say multiple Supermen were sleeping with one Lois Lane. You are, however, the person I was referring to that said that I needed to further elaborate on the multiple Lois Lanes to avoid confusion, which I did, because it was a good suggestion.

  8. This is like a poor man's "Wold Newton Universe", not even done well. I'm sorry, but there's just too much of an effort to make every version and every decade fit when it just doesn't. The Research and footnotes are solid. But What is the point?

  9. The point is that connecting TV crossovers is fun, at least for some of us, and in the Television Crossover Universe, there have been several connections found that connect different versions of Superman to the same shared reality, using a six degrees of Lucy. And so this chronology is an attempt to explain away how various series all tied together via crossover connections could connect to different versions of Superman in different eras.