Friday, September 25, 2015

Texas Chainsaw Massacre

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ANNO DRACULA (SERIES BY KIM NEWMAN)
Release Date: 1992 - 2013 (so far) [Setting is 1888 -1991 (so far)]
Series: Anno Dracula
Horror Crosses: Dracula (novel); Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde; Invisible Man (novel); The Island of Doctor Moreau; The Vampyre; Varney the Vampire; The Soft Whisper of the Dead; They Thirst; Hotel Transylvania; The Black Castle; The Vampire Tapestry; Stephen King Universe; Carmilla; Good Lady Ducayne; The Tomb of Sarah; Ken’s Mystery; The Mysterious Stranger (story); The True Story of a Vampire; Carnacki Ghost Finder; Black Sabbath; The Picture of Dorian Gray; Interview with a Vampire (Anne Rice Vampire Lestat series); The Werewolves of London (Brian Stableford); Count Yorga; The Fearless Vampire Killers; Brides of Dracula; Vampire Circus; Dracula (Universal); Dark Shadows; El Vampiro; Black Sunday; Martin (George A. Romero film); Kolchak the Night Stalker; Blacula; Nosferatu; Kiss of the Vampire; Mr. Vampire; Blood of the Vampire; Daughters of Darkness; Dracula (Hammer); Lovecraft’s Cthulhu Mythos; Averoigne; Grave of the Vampire/Seed of Terror; Hellraiser; Alraune; The Black Cat (film); Lemora: A Child’s Tale of the Supernatural; The Vampire Thrills; Faustine; Near Dark; Forever Knight; Fright Night; The House of Dracula (novel by R. Chetwynd-Hayes); Anak Pontianak; Necroscope; Revelations in Black; The Dragon Waiting; The Bloody Pit of Horror/The Crimson Executioner; The Playgirls and the Vampire; The Niece of the Vampire/Fangs of the Vampire; The Phantom of the Opera; Incense for the Damned/Bloodsuckers; Addams Family (television); Frankenstein (Universal); The Monkey’s Paw; Three Mothers trilogy; Toby Dammit; The Exorcist; Cave of the Living Dead; The Golem (1920 film); The Old Dark House; Cat People; Black Magic (film); Spirits of the Dead; Les Vampires; The Awful Doctor Orloff; A Bucket of Blood; Those Who Hunt By Night/Immortal Blood/Traveling with the Dead; The Hunger; Fevre Dream; Empire of Fear; Dr. Blood’s Coffin; The Vampire’s Ghost; The Horrible Sexy Vampire; Mark of the Vampire; Vampire (1979); Vampyr - Der Traum des Allan Gray; El Hombre Lobo; Curse of the Undead; Circus of Horrors; The Horror Chamber of Dr. Faustus; Twice Bitten/Vampire Hookers; The Lost Boys; Deathmaster; Velvet Vampire; I, Vampire; Nancy Baker’s Vampire Stories; Sunglasses After Dark; Vamps (Vertigo Comics); Blade; Scooby-Doo; Hellboy; Nocturna; Rosemary’s Baby; American Psycho; Lost Souls; Elvira; Rosemary’s Baby; The Films of Tarantino and Rodriguez; Light at the End; Andy Warhol’s Dracula/Blood for Dracula; Geek Maggot Bingo; Daughter of Darkness; Nightmare in Blood; Madhouse; Vampire Junction/Vanitas; Buffy the Vampire Slayer; Shadowman; Werewolf of London; Little Shop of Horrors; Texas Chainsaw Massacre; The Howling; Gremlins; Suckers: Bleeding London Dry; Desire the Vampire/I Desire; The Creature Commandos; The Vampire (1957); The Vampire (Sydney Horler)
Non-Horror Crosses: Too numerous to list.
The Story: In 1888, during the events of Bram Stoker’s novel, events diverge and Dracula marries Queen Victoria, causing a major alteration in the socio-political world for the next 125 years and beyond.
Notes: This is a divergent timeline, but not a parallel universe. In my theory, a parallel universe is created at the dawn of time at the same time as the main universe and other parallel universes. They may evolve similarly, but they are separate. Meanwhile, each universe has a main timeline, and at each moment, there are an infinite number of divergent timelines created off of the main timeline. When thinking of divergent timelines, try picturing a fork in the road. Both paths lead in different directions, but they both start at the same point, and once were the same road. The Anno Dracula timeline has shown to be an alternate timeline of the main Horror Universe in several other entries in this reference guide. Because it’s a divergent timeline, the above horror crosses, though depicted in an alternate manner, should still count for inclusions in the Horror Universe. Some of the above crossed series are already in, and the others are brought in via this crossover series despite being an alternate timeline series. For the record, the complete Anno Dracula series (thus far) consists of Anno Dracula, the Bloody Red Baron: Anno Dracula 1918, Judgement of Tears: Anno Dracula 1959 (aka Dracula Cha Cha Cha), Coppola’s Dracula (from the Mammoth Book of Dracula), Castle in the Desert: Anno Dracula 1977, Andy Warhol’s Dracula: Anno Dracula 1978 - 1979 (from the Mammoth Book of Vampires), Who Dares Wins: Anno Dracula 1980, The Other Side of Midnight (from Vampire Sextette), You are the Wind Beneath My Wings: Anno Dracula 1984) and Johnny Alucard.

A white film poster of a man holding a large chainsaw, with a screaming woman fastened to a wall behind him. The writing on the poster says, "Who will survive and what will be left of them?"; "America's most bizarre and brutal crimes!"; "The Texas Chainsaw Massacre"; "What happened is true. Now the motion picture that's just as real. "

THE TEXAS CHAINSAW MASSACRE (FILM)
Release Date: October 1, 1974 (Contemporary Setting)
Series: Texas Chainsaw Massacre
The Story: A group of hitchhikers fall victim to a family of cannibals.

Notes: This film is brought into the Horror Universe by a later crossover with Jason Voorhees of the Friday the 13th series. It’s followed by The Texas Chainsaw Massacre Part 2. There was a remake in 2003. The film has been referenced numerous times in other films and television series as being fictional or in homage.

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THE TEXAS CHAINSAW MASSACRE PART 2 (FILM)
Release Date: August 22, 1986 (Contemporary Setting; thirteen years after the first film of the series)
Series: Texas Chainsaw Massacre
The Story: A cop whose nephew and niece were victims of the Sawyers in the first film teams up with a radio DJ to find the chainsaw serial killer, but the Sawyers instead go after the DJ.
Notes: This film series is in due to a cross with the Friday the 13th series later on. This film follows The Texas Chainsaw Massacre. The next in the series is Leatherface: The Texas Chainsaw Massacre III. This film has been referenced as fictional or paid homage to in several films and television series. It has also been spoofed in The Texas Comedy Massacre, Nothing But Trouble, The Angry Video Game Nerd, and Junk Bonds.


CHILD’S PLAY (FILM)
Release Date: November 9, 1988 (Contemporary Setting)
Series: Child’s Play
The Story: Using voodoo, serial killer Charles Lee Ray transfers his body into a “Good Guy” doll before his execution. The toy is bought for a young child, and “Chucky” continues his murder spree as a living doll.
Notes: This is the first of the series, followed by Child’s Play 2. A later sequel, Bride of Chucky, will have minor cameos of the claws of Freddy Krueger, the masks of Michael Myers and Jason Vorhees, and the chainsaw of Leatherface. Those crosses with A Nightmare on Elm Street, Halloween, Friday the 13th, and Texas Chainsaw Massacre bring Child’s Play into the Horror Universe. This film was remade in 1993 as Zapatlela. This film has been referenced as fiction, paid homage to, and spoofed numerous times in other films and on television.


LEATHERFACE: TEXAS CHAINSAW MASSACRE III (FILM)
Release Date: January 12, 1990 (Contemporary Setting)
Series: Texas Chainsaw Massacre
The Story: Another road trip through Texas leads to an encounter with Leatherface and more Sawyers.
Notes: This film is preceded by The Texas Chainsaw Massacre Part 2 and is followed by The Texas Chainsaw Massacre: The Next Generation. This film is referenced as fictional or paid homage to in numerous other films and on television. It is also spoofed in The Critic episode “I Can’t Believe It’s a Clip Show” when Jay shows a clip for “Rocky 6, Texas Chainsaw Massacre 4”.

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NIGHTMARES ON ELM STREET: FREDDY KRUEGER’S SEVEN SWEETEST DREAMS “NOT JUST A JOB” (SHORT STORY BY NANCY A. COLLINS)
Release Date: October 1, 1991 (Contemporary Setting, prior to the events of Freddy’s Dead)
Series: A Nightmare on Elm Street
Horror Crosses: Halloween; Friday the 13th; Texas Chainsaw Massacre
The Story: Freddy mentors a kid who wants to be a serial killer.
Notes: The kid checks out a book from the Springwood Library on serial killers. While it talks about real life killers, it also mentions Michael Myers, Jason Vorhees, and the Sawyer family.

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THE TEXAS CHAINSAW MASSACRE: THE NEXT GENERATION (FILM)
Release Date: October 7, 1994 (Contemporary Setting)
Series: Texas Chainsaw Massacre
The Story: A group of teens are hanging out in the woods following their prom and stumble upon the Sawyer farm house.
Notes: Fourth movie in the series, following Leatherface: the Texas Chainsaw Massacre III. This is the final film of the original series. The film series has since been rebooted, but the reboot series is not part of the Horror Universe. This film has been referenced as fictional and paid homage to numerous times in other films and on television. It has also been spoofed on the Critic.


JASON VS. LEATHERFACE (TOPPS COMICS)
Release Date: October 1995 to January 1996 (Contemporary Setting)
Series: Friday the 13th; Texas Chainsaw Massacre
The Story: Crystal Lake is drained to place an office building there, and Jason is among the contents shipped to Texas. Jason awakens, and ends up meeting the Sawyers, including the one called Leatherface.
Notes: Later stories would show the lake refilled, and no office building there. I suspect that this story takes place in a divergent timeline. First, in this story, Jason’s mother is named Doris rather than Pamela. If that was the only contradiction, I might overlook it, but additionally, by this point in time, as this is a contemporary setting, the Sawyer family of this story have been dead for a long time. This crossover still brings in the Texas Chainsaw Massacre series, based on my rules for inclusion involving divergent timelines. . Though TCM is based on true events, it is so loosely based on true events that it’s pretty much pure fiction, thus able to be incorporated. Many of these slasher films have in recent years had remakes, but only the original film series are in the Horror Universe, up to but not including the reboots.


BRIDE OF CHUCKY (FILM)
Release Date: October 16, 1998 (Contemporary Setting; one month after Child’s Play 3)
Series: Child’s Play
Horror Crosses: Friday the 13th; Halloween; A Nightmare on Elm Street; Texas Chainsaw Massacre
The Story: Tiffany, the girlfriend of serial killer Charles Lee Ray, steals the doll and performs the ritual to place his soul back inside it. The plan is to find a human for Chucky to inhabit, but when the couple have a fight, Tiffany resolves not to help him. As revenge, he performs a ritual to trap her in a doll, knowing this will force her cooperation. And it does, as the two seek out a young couple to possess
Notes: Chucky is brought in by the Katrina Protocol. This film occurs between Child’s Play 3 and Seed of Chucky. At the evidence locker where the Chucky doll is kept, are also the masks of Jason Voorhees and Michael Myers, the glove of Freddy Krueger, and the chainsaw of Leatherface. This brings Halloween into the Horror Universe. The others have already been brought in. Even though it was meant as a quick prop gag, this quick film moment connected five of the most famous modern horror icons. This film has been referenced as fictional and paid homage to numerous times in other films and on television. It was also spoofed on the Roseanne Show.

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CABIN IN THE WOODS (FILM)
Release Date: April 13, 2012 (Contemporary Setting)
Series: Cabin in the Woods
Horror Crosses: Alien; Half-Life; Evil Dead; Poltergeist; Frankenstein (Universal); Child’s Play; Creature from the Black Lagoon; Corpse Bride; Killer Klowns from Outer Space; Stephen King Universe; Killjoy; Devil’s Rejects; Clownhouse; Drive Thru; Funhouse; Amusement; Circus of Fear; Clown Camp; Demonic Toys; Demons; Night of the Demons; Supernatural; Charmed; Gremlins; Ghoulies; Creeps; Troll; Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde; Frankenstein (novel); Dr. Giggles; The Human Centipede; House on Haunted Hill; The Dead Pit; Buffy the Vampire Slayer; The Strangers; Underworld; Attack of the 50 Foot Woman; Troll Hunter; Anaconda; Python; Mega Snake; Snakes on a Plane; Resident Evil; Hellraiser; Cannibal Holocaust; Creepshow; Legend of Sleepy Hollow; Attack of the Jack-O-Lanterns; Pumpkinhead; Frankenfish; The Mummy! Or a Tale of the Twenty-Second Century; The Mummy (Universal); The Hills Have Eyes; Wrong Turn; Chernobyl Diaries; 28 Days Later; Signal; the Works of Quentin Tarantino; Left 4 Dead; Lovecraft’s Cthulhu Mythos; Re-Animator (film); Siren; The Exorcist; The Exorcism of Emily Rose; Reptillicus; Jurassic Park; Abomidible Bigfoot; The Legend of Boggy Creek; Ape Canyon; Curse of Bigfoot; Night of the Bloody Apes; Wendigo; Night Beasts; Night of the Scarecrow; Scarecrows; Husk; Scarecrow Gone Wild; The Scarecrows Walk at Midnight; The Town that Dreaded Sundown; The Craft; Witches of Eastwick; Hocus Pocus; Jack Frost; Hellboy (film); Rumplestilskin; Lephrechaun; Hansel and Gretel Witch Hunters; Gingerbread Man; The Vampyre; Dracula (novel); Nosferatu; The Wolf Man; An American Werewolf in London; The Howling; Wolf; Texas Chainsaw Massacre; Friday the 13th; Night of the Living Dead; Return of the Living Dead; F.E.A.R.; The Blob; Feast; Horrors of the Wendigo; Frostbiter; Ghost; Bram Stoker’s Dracula (film); The Cyclops; Cyclops Giant; Nightbreed; Leeches!; Attack of the Giant Leeches; Rows of Teeth; The Birds; Killing Birds; Birdemic: Shock and Terror; Silent Hill; Attack of the Killer Lane Gnomes; Alligator; Lake Placid; Them!; Legion of Fire: Killer Ants!; Ants; Empire of the Ants; King Kong; Centipede Horror; The Giant Claw; The Ring; Attack of the Giant Gila Monster; The Beast from 20,000 Fathoms; Tarantula; Eight Legged Freaks; Jaws; Frogs; Lord of Darkness; House of the Dead; The Grudge; Chopping Mall; BlinkyTM; The Kraken; Kraken: Tentacles of the Deep; Octopus; The Beast; Deep Rising; It Came From Beneath the Sea; Tentacles; Eye of the Beast; Mega Shark; Giant Octopus; Castle Freak; Tokyo Gore Police; Septic; Mutants; Ogre; Blood Pool; Legend of the Ogre; Killing Floor; Little Shop of Horrors; The Breed; Hatchet; Phantasm; See No Evil; Thinner; Monster House; Attila; Dead Snow; Frankenstein’s Army; Manhunt; The Monster in the Closet; Killer Eyes; Demomata; CSP-682; Parasite Eve 2; Dead Space; Night of the Lepus; Creature from the Haunted Sea; Tremors; Hostel; The Collection; The Butcher; Dead Rising; My Bloody Valentine; The Exterminator; Willard; War of the Worlds; Signs; Lollipop Chainsaw; Ghost Ship; Curse of the Pirates; Jolly Roger; Lead Soldiers; Vampire Vikings; The Witch; Blair Witch Project; The Village; The Thing; Vampire Breath; Goosebumps; Angel; King Cobra
Non-Horror Crosses: Harry Potter; Wizard of Oz; Great Expectations; Batman; Labyrinth; Land of the Giants; The Wrath of Paul Bunyan; Dreamscape; Last of the Mohicans; Blood Meridian; Scalps; Savage Sam; Sin City; Kevin Spencer; We Need to Talk About Kevin; Jacob’s Ladder; Doctor Who; Black Swan; Pan’s Labyrinth; Nutcracker; Blade Hunter; The Chronicles of Narnia; Time Bandits; The Princess and the Frog; Pirates of the Caribbean; Futurama; The Incredible Shrinking Man; Pee-Wee’s Playhouse; Red Planet; Terminator; Zathura; Hardware; Robot Wars; Bacterial Contamination; Firefly; Clash of the Titans; Team Fortress; Man from Planet X; Starship Troopers; Silence of the Lambs/Hannibal; Twisted Metal
The Story: A group of teens head out for a weekend in a cabin in the woods, not knowing that they have been chosen as sacrifices to an ancient deity in order to save the world from his wrath.
Notes: This film exposes the secret truth behind modern horror. Behind it all is a secret organization, chosen to sacrifice youth to ancient gods. All of the above named crossovers have been linked in this film, and revealed to be part of this secret conspiracy. Most of the crossovers above come from the monsters and artifacts contained in the facility. While some of the monsters and artifacts are clearly from certain films above, many are based on certain types of horror films, in which case I included the more well-known of these film types. I recommend the well-researched Cabin in the Woods Wiki for a more detailed listing of the monsters and their inspirations. Note that I included in the above crossovers some monsters that only appeared in the official novelization and the official Universal Theme Park attraction tie-in. With this film, I break one of my major rules of crossover connecting. Though some of the crosses are direct crosses, like Evil Dead and Left 4 Dead, most of them are only connected because the films represent the more well-known films of the trope from which a certain monster comes. Normally, I would not count something that is “like something from”, but there is dialogue within the film that makes me break my rule. In one scene, referring to the monsters, security officer Daniel Truman says “They’re like something from a nightmare.” Lin, a head scientist, responds, “No, they’re something nightmares are from.” She goes on to explain that these monsters are the creations of the Ancient Ones, having been around since the beginning, and different cultures have told stories that interpret them in different ways. Thus, in the instance of this film, “like” is enough because of the author’s intent. And thus my love/hate relationship with Joss Whedon, for expanding the Horror Universe dramatically but making me do a lot of work to write this entry. Note that this film ends with the start of an apocalypse, so the end must veer into a divergent timeline. We must presume in the main Horror Universe, the virgin shot the fool. And if you haven’t seen the movie, that last sentence probably seems very bizarre. This film has been referenced as fictional in South Park, The Cinema Snob, Scary Movie 5, and Doc of the Dead. It is also paid homage to in Red Dawn when Chris Hemsworth and his friends once more wind up in a cabin in the woods. The film has also been spoofed in Robot Chicken and Scary Movie 5.

Thursday, September 17, 2015

LEGEND OF THE 7 GOLDEN VAMPIRES


THE MANY FACES OF VAN HELSING “SO FAR FROM US IN ALL WAYS” (SHORT STORY BY CHRIS ROBERSON)
Release Date: April 2004 (Setting is 1860)
Series: Dracula (Bram Stoker)
Horror Crosses: Legend of the 7 Golden Vampires
Non-Horror Crosses: Fu Manchu
The Story: After the death of his child and commitment of his wife, Van Helsing decides to run away from his problems by taking a job in China. He escorts a body to China, and is accompanied by a priest named Master Xi and a young man named Fu Zheng Lei who may be a young Fu Manchu. They find themselves pursued by the last of 7 vampire warrior brothers.
Notes: Chris Roberson is one of my favorite authors of crossover fiction, and should I get around to writing the Sci-Fi Crossover Encyclopedia, I will be able to present my greatest case for my opinion. This story brings in Hammer Film’s Legend of the 7 Golden Vampires, which is a piece that supports Chuck Loridans’ soul-clone theory. This story also brings in Fu Manchu, though only his original stories by Sax Rohmer and any crossovers in this book.


DRACULA (NOVEL BY BRAM STOKER)
Release Date: May 27, 1897 (Contemporary Setting)
Series: Dracula (Bram Stoker)
The Story: The undead Count Dracula, known in life as the 15th century Prince Vlad, the Impaler, lives in Transylvania, but comes to London with grand plans never truly stated, but with a side goal of taking young Jonathan Harker’s fiance Mina Murray as his bride since she seems to be the reincarnation of his former bride from his living years. Professor Abraham Van Helsing comes to the aid of the young couple and helps to slay the vampire and his minions.

Notes: In the Horror Universe, it seems that there is more than one Dracula. Indeed, Dracula means “son of the dragon”, and dragon is another name for Satan. I believe that in fact, Dracula was the name given to the Vampire Lords of this cult, and these Lords were allowed the title Dracula. This accounts for many different variations of Dracula that all seem to be in the same reality. To take things a step further, it seems that this Dracula, who is based on the real historical figure of Vlad the Impaler, is the head of the Draculas, and has been gifted with a method of creating soul clones. This is a theory created by MONSTAAH researcher Chuck Loridans, and which has been incorporated into published works that are part of the Horror Universe, making it official. The full details of this theory can be found at http://monstaah.angelfire.com/the-monstaah-case-files.html, and this site includes a timeline and many essays. Though I love the timeline and essays, I am not considering any of it as canon unless it works its way into published works that get “crossed in”. But to sum up the theory itself, which is in, there are times when Dracula needs to rest, and he “turns” a human into a vampire, but also, embeds that new vampire with a type of mind control where the vampire to some degree believes himself to be THE count, with some of his memories merged with the original person’s personality thrown in. Dracula then sends the person off to carry out his plans while he slumbers and recharges. Sometimes he has more than one clone. His ability to control the clones, versus them taking charge for themselves, depends on various factors, such as how weak Dracula had been, how many clones are active, how far away the clones are from their master, and how strong the will of the clone is. Chuck Loridans says: “The soul-clone theory is based upon events recorded in the Hammer film, The Legend of the 7 Golden Vampires. In this film’s 1804 opening, Kah, a Chinese wizard, travels to Transylvania to seek Dracula’s aid in reviving seven evil vampires. Kah’s wish is to be the master of these vampires himself, so that he may hold a reign of terror over China. What he soon learns is that you can’t cut deals with the Prince of Darkness. Dracula is intrigued with the idea of ruling an army of vampires, even if it is not in his native country. Dracula proclaims the wizard a fool, and grabs him by his throat. A swirling mist envelopes them both, and when we next see Kah’s body, he has the mind and voice of Dracula. When Kah departs, Dracula is nowhere to be seen. We next see Kah in 1904 China. He is destroyed by Lawrence Van Helsing, but before he turns to ashes, he reveals what Van Helsing already knew, that Kah was indeed Count Dracula. From this information, one might assume that Dracula used his shapeshifting abilities to transform himself into the wizard, travel to China, and rule the seven vampires. But if Dracula, in Kah form, was in China from 1804 to 1904, Dracula’s confrontations with Abraham Van Helsing, and later his son Lawrence Van Helsing, are impossible. Abraham fought Dracula in the year 1897 (Bram Stoker’s novel Dracula, though some would argue that perhaps the actual events of the story took place ten years earlier, in 1887), and Lawrence, from 1895 to 1910 (see Hammer Films Dracula series). In Legend of the 7 Golden Vampires, Van Helsing and Dracula acknowledge that they have met before. So the ‘soul-clone’ theory was born. Why does Dracula make soul-clones? It is shown time and time again that Dracula is strongest when surrounded by the soil of his native Transylvania, and is in peril if he does not have a supply of it nearby. From this one can assume that this soil is one of his sources of strength, fuel, if you will. Nowhere can a greater supply of this soil be found than in Transylvania itself. My theory is that the longer the Prince of Darkness rests in this soil, the stronger he becomes. Lying in the dirt for extended periods of time, however, is not helpful when one plans to rule the world. He needs field agents with great power to traverse the globe, setting his plans into motion. So he makes soul-clones, beings with powers almost equal to his. Living (or undead) puppets, which Dracula exists through, hears through, sees through, and drinks through, all while his original body lies sleeping, gathering power.”


THE LEGEND OF THE 7 GOLDEN VAMPIRES (FILM)
Release Date: 1974 (Setting is 1904)
Series: Legend of the 7 Golden Vampires
Horror Crosses: Dracula (Bram Stoker)
The Story: Kah is a Chinese monk who also happens to be the vampire leader of the 7 Golden Vampires. He comes to Dracula’s castle to seek the aid of the count, but instead the count possesses the monk. Years later, Professor Lawrence Van Helsing is lecturing in China when he gets involved in fighting six of the seven remaining golden vampires along with seven martial artist brothers.
Notes: This film was the inspiration for Chuck Loridans’ soul clone theory. The story of what became of the seventh golden vampire is later told by Chris Roberson in the Many Faces of Van Helsing. This film follows the Satanic Rites of Dracula. It was remade in 2003 in the Era of Vampires. The film has been referenced in Dust Devil, Don’t Wake the Dead, and From Dusk Till Dawn 3.