Tuesday, May 9, 2017

Super Friends: The Legendary Super Powers Blog

Super Friends?  Is it in the TVCU?  The Cartoon Universe?  The Scooby-Doo Team-Up Universe?  Earth-1A?  Earth-1?  Earth-12?

In this post, I'm going to take a look at Super Friends and its crossovers without any presumptions of it fitting into other universes, but rather just presuming that there is a Super Friends Universe.

I know by today's standards, the Super Friends was a sub-standard show.  But when I was a kid, the Super Friends was the greatest show ever.  In many ways, it was my gateway into comics, and it will always hold a special place in my heart.




The “silver age” Justice League of America (1960 - 1978)
  • This is the team that appeared in DC Comics from 1960 to 1978. This version actually appeared up to 1984 in the comics. However, 1978 creates a divergence between the comics and cartoons, and the cartoons take precedence for this timeline. In 1978, in the comics, Firestorm debuts and encounters the League for the first time. He then joins the League in 1980. The Super Friends comic book which directly ties into the continuity of the cartoon shows that Super Friends is incorporated into the “Earth-1” canon of the time, and that roster and history of the Justice League is exactly the same, with the Super Friends being a sub-group of the League. But in Super Friends, Firestorm doesn’t debut until 1985, and meets and joins the Super Powers Team under very different circumstances. Thus, the League comics cannot be canon for the TVCU after Firestorm joins, but everything before that fits just fine.

Super Friends/Super Powers Team (1973 - 1986)
  • This was a cartoon that ran in various incarnations for 13 seasons.
  • There was also a comic book tie-in that was for a time considered to be part of Earth-1 canon.
  • According to the comic, the Super Friends was created as a youth training program. Marvin and Wendy were the first two candidates, later replaced by Zan and Jayna. Superman, Wonder Woman, Batman, Robin and Aquaman were instructors due to their experience as teen heroes. The Super Friends were part of the Justice League of America.

Justice League Detroit (1984 - 1987)

  • In 1984, the Justice League of America was disbanded. The Super Friends training program was transformed into the Super Powers team with a specific mission to protect Earth from Darkseid. Meanwhile, Aquaman formed his own Justice League of America, no longer under government control, now sponsored by Henry Heywood.

Apache Chief (Manitou Raven/Long Shadow)--Apache Chief is a Native American superhero from the various Super Friends cartoons created by Hanna-Barbera. He was one of the new heroes added (along with Black Vulcan, Rima the Jungle Girl, El Dorado and Samurai) to increase the number of non-white characters in the Super Friends ranks. He was voiced by Michael Rye. In the Challenge of the Super Friends Series, Apache Chief was seen in every episode except one, but had spoken lines in nine out of the sixteen episodes of the series. His arch enemy from the Legion of Doom was Giganta, who also happens to be an original arch enemy of Wonder Woman. By speaking the word "Inyuk-chuk" ("Big Man"), Apache Chief could grow to vast sizes. Although it may seem he has limitless height he still has human qualities, but in an episode titled "Colossus", Apache Chief "Inyuk-chuks" himself to cosmic proportions to battle the Colossus, a titanic space creature that plucked Earth from its orbit and placed it in a small (relative to him) glass bottle. He also spoke in stereotypical "Native American English" and recited vaguely Native American philosophy.

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Aquaman (Arthur Curry)--This is the same character seen in golden age and silver age comics, the Adventures of Aquaman animated series, and the Super Friends.

Atom II (Ray Palmer)--This is the same Atom from the silver age comics, Super Friends, and Legends of the Super-Heroes. This is the same character who is concurrently a member of the Justice League of America. Ray Palmer made occasional appearances on The All-New Super Friends Hour and The Super Friends Hour, voiced by Wally Burr. He also appeared in THE ROAST.

Batman (Bruce Wayne)--He began his heroic career in 1937. This incarnation of Batman is represented in the Super Friends Universe by the Batman television series of the 1960s, the New Adventures of Batman animated series, and the Super Friends, as well as some comics from the silver age/Earth-1 era.

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Black Vulcan (Jefferson Pierce)--Originally introduced as a way to add a more culturally diverse roster to the team in the All-New Super Friends Hour series, Black Vulcan (voiced by Buster Jones) was the Super Friends' resident black superhero, although his character mostly refrains from being seen as a harsh stereotype. As originally depicted, Black Vulcan's costume had the super-hero equivalent of pants, but due to mistakes in coloring and animation, in later episodes his legs are bare. His powers include the ability to emit electricity from his hands, as well as fly by charging his lower body with energy. On a few occasions, he exhibited powers he had not had before, such as the ability to assume a form of pure energy and travel at the speed of light (in an attempt to escape a black hole). He was even able to travel back in time by fluctuating his body's energy in such a way that it opened a rift in space.

Captain Marvel II (William Batson Junior)--Son of former member of the Super Friends.

Cyborg (Victor Stone)--Cyborg appeared in The Super Powers Team: Galactic Guardians (the final incarnation of Super Friends) from 1985 to 1986. He was voiced by Ernie Hudson. Cyborg's origin was told via a medical journal read by Dr. Martin Stein saying Cyborg was a promising decathlon athlete until an accident destroyed most of his body and his father replaced part of his body with machine parts. Also, he is not a Titan. He becomes fast friends with teammate Firestorm. He is an affiliate of the Justice League of America under Superman. In the introductory episode to Cyborg, "The Seeds of Doom", Cyborg's abilities save Earth from Darkseid's seeds, but as Superman warns, make Darkseid a dangerous enemy to Cyborg, so Cyborg joins the League.

El Dorado (Eduardo Dorado)--El Dorado was created solely for the Super Friends cartoons to fill the void of an Hispanic superhero. Has never appeared in a DC Comic. He first appeared as a minor character in the Super Friends animated shorts, which aired in the 1981 season and later in Super Friends: The Legendary Super Powers Show as a full-time member. El Dorado from a non specified Latino nation was added as one of several attempts to encourage diversity among the characters. Like other ethnic characters added during this period, he was seen as somewhat stereotypical. El Dorado spoke broken English with an accent, sporadically substituting common Spanish words or phrases, such as adding words like "rapido" and replacing nearly every instance of "yes" with "si". Because he was created primarily to fill the void of a Latin American character on the show, El Dorado's powers were not well-defined and were highly ambiguous. His most frequently used ability was teleportation, which he accomplished by wrapping his cape over his body and vanishing. Anyone or anything he wrapped his cape around could also be teleported with him, and there appeared to be no limit to the distance he could travel. Another of his frequently used powers was the ability to generate illusions from his eyes. He also exhibited some degree of mental powers, including telepathy and possibly extending beyond. In later incarnations, his powers were more well-defined. He had telepathic powers and the ability to create illusions. He was voiced by Fernando Escandon.

Fire (B.B. DaCosta)--Fire had previously worked with the Super Friends as the Green Flame on two occasions.

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Firestorm (Ronald Raymond)--Firestorm appeared in ABC's Super Friends: The Legendary Super Powers Show and The Super Powers Team: Galactic Guardians (the last two Super Friends series). Mark L. Taylor provided Ronnie Raymond's voice while Olan Soule provided Martin Stein's voice. The crew responsible for the first series depicted the flames on Firestorm's head as a static, fire-shaped ornament. The second series' authors made another change, transforming the hair into a wavy haircut.

The Flash II (Barry Allen)--This is the same character seen in silver age comics, the Super Friends, and Legends of the Super-Heroes. This is the same character who is concurrently a member of the Justice League of America. Flash (Barry Allen) appeared off and on in the Super Friends series throughout its run from 1973 to 1985. He initially appeared in Super Friends to help fellow Justice Leaguer, Superman. JLA members Flash, Green Lantern, and Batman eventually joined forces with Superman and the rest of the Super Friends in Challenge of the Super Friends, Super Friends: The Legendary Super Powers Show, The Super Powers Team: Galactic Guardians. He was an important member of the superteam. In the Challenge of the Super Friends series which ran from 1978–1979, he appears in every episode and has spoken lines in only twelve out of the sixteen episodes of the series. He also had two arch enemies from the Legion of Doom, Captain Cold and Gorilla Grodd. Flash was portrayed by Jack Angel. He also appeared in both Legends of the Superheroes specials. Click here to view our previously posted Flash Quickie. Come join the discussion about the Flash or other TVCU related topics here.

Gleek--Gleek is a blue "space monkey" and the pet of Zan and Jayna, the Wonder Twins. Gleek is often used as comic relief for the series, as the character often gets into mischief. A joke involving Gleek often ends episodes of the Super Friends in which he appears. Gleek has a stretchable, prehensile tail which can be quite useful. Gleek is also highly intelligent, as he clearly understands spoken English. He communicates through the use of sign language, acting out scenes, and chattering in an unintelligible alien tongue. Gleek also helps the characters when they need to travel: Jayna becomes an eagle, Zan becomes water, and Gleek produces a bucket to hold Zan while Jayna carries them both. He debuted in The All-New Super Friends Hour, which first aired on September 10, 1977. Gleek's vocalizations were provided by Michael Bell.

Green Arrow (Oliver Queen)--Though Green Arrow followed a Robin Hood theme, in most ways, the character was a carbon copy of Batman. He is the Green Arrow of the silver age. He also appeared in one episode of the Super Friends. This is the same character who is concurrently a member of the Justice League of America. The first television appearance of Green Arrow was a single guest spot in an episode of the original 1973 incarnation of Super Friends. He was voiced by Norman Alden. He was referred to as a "Staunch member of the Justice League of America."

Alex Toth Green Lantern model sheet

Green Lantern Hal Jordan--This is the same character seen in silver age comics, the Super Friends, and Legends of the Super-Heroes.

Hawkgirl II (Shayera Hol)--This is the same character who is concurrently a member of the Justice League of America. Hawkgirl (Shayera Hol) appeared in a few episodes of the Super Friends paired alongside her husband Hawkman.

Hawkman II (Katar Hol)--This is the silver age incarnation of the hero. He also appeared in the Super Friends and Legends of the Super-Heroes. This is the same character who is concurrently a member of the Justice League of America. Hawkman (Katar Hol) has appeared as a Super Friend in The All-New Super Friends Hour, Challenge of the Super Friends, Super Friends: The Legendary Super Powers Show, and The Super Powers Team: Galactic Guardians. His voice was provided by Jack Angel. Hawkman appears in almost every episode of Challenge of the Superfriends, but has spoken lines in only thirteen out of the sixteen episodes of this series. He also appeared in both Legends of the Superheroes specials.

Icemaiden (Sigrid Nansen)--Formerly a member of the Global Guardians, who have worked with the Super Friends and Justice League of America.

Martian Manhunter (J’onn J’onzz)--Formerly a member of the silver age incarnation, the Super Friends, and Justice League Detroit.

Plastic Man (Patrick O’Brien)--Plastic Man made his animated debut in a cameo appearance in the Super Friends episode "Professor Goodfellow’s G.E.E.C." voiced by Norman Alden.

Rima--Rima the Jungle Girl appeared in three episodes of Hanna-Barbera's The All-New Super Friends Hour during the 1977-78 season, alongside such mainstays as Aquaman, Batman, and Wonder Woman. In her run with the Super Friends TV series, she is often known for being one of the new 'affirmative action heroes' during that period. Along with characters Apache Chief, Black Vulcan, El Dorado and Samurai, Rima is considered a minority character. Being both female and ethnic, she was added during the 1977 overhaul of the show's all-white, mostly-male cast of heroes.

Robin Model Sheet

Robin (Dick Grayson)--This Robin began operating as sidekick in 1959 and continued in that role until 1986. He is the silver age Robin and the Robin of the Super Friends. He is also the Robin from Batman’66 and the animated spin-offs from Filmation.

Samurai (Toshio Eto)--Samurai's real name is Toshio Eto, and he is of Japanese descent. He was one of the later additions to the team along with other ethnically diverse heroes in an effort for the show to promote cultural diversity. His voice actor is Jack Angel. In addition to being a prominent figure in several other animated shows, Angel also did the voice for The Flash and Hawkman. Samurai appears in The All-New Super Friends Hour, Challenge of the Super Friends, Super Friends: The Legendary Super Powers Show, and The Super Powers Team: Galactic Guardians. Although not outwardly resembling a traditional samurai, Samurai upholds the code of the Bushido, sometimes relating everything he or someone else does to the ancient tradition. Although he displays a number of powers, the one he relies on most often is the ability to manipulate wind. He can fly by creating a small tornado around his lower body and can conjure powerful gusts from his hands that can knock back even large objects.

SUPERMAN (KAL-L/CLARK KENT)--Kal-L is alternately spelled Kal-El. In the Super Friends Universe, Krypton was a world where its inhabitants were ordinary men on their world, but under a yellow sun, and a planet with lighter gravity such as Earth, they become Supermen. When the world faced destruction, scientist Jor-L sent his son to Earth, where he was was found in Smallville, Kansas by Jonathon and Martha Kent. He was named Clark Kent, and raised by the farmers. As an adult, he moved to Metropolis, where he became a reporter for the Daily Planet, while also using his powers to fight crime as Superman. In the Super Friends Universe, Superman is represented by the golden age/Earth-2 comic book version of Superman and the Fleischer Studios animated shorts. He is also the Superman seen in the New Adventures of Superman animated series, and the Super Friends. He is also for the most part the Superman from silver age/Earth-1 comics, though a lot of the comics canon can’t properly fit in the Super Friends Universe, and must be disregarded in favor of the on-screen appearances. Superman (Kal-El/Clark Kent) is the same character who is concurrently a member of the Justice League of America. Superman was chosen as an instructor for the Super Friends because of his time as the teen hero, Superboy. The various Super Friends series produced by Hanna-Barbera featured Danny Dark as Superman: 1973: Super Friends, 1977: The All-New Super Friends Hour, 1978: Challenge Of The SuperFriends, 1979: The World's Greatest Super Friends, 1980 - 1983: Super Friends, 1984: Super Friends: The Legendary Super Powers Show, 1985: The Super Powers Team: Galactic Guardians. Superboy makes two appearances in the show's run. The first one is when the Hall of Justice computer runs a tape showing Lex Luthor's origin. He was voiced by Danny Dark. The other is in a short episode where Phantom Zone criminals go back in time to fight Superboy. He is saved by the arrival of Superman and Green Lantern. He was voiced by Jerry Dexter. Superman is also represented in the Super Friends Universe by Post-Crisis Superman stories and the 1988 Filmation Superman cartoon. Obviously, though, not all of the comic book stories can count in Super Friends Universe canon.

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Wendy Harris and Marvin White--Wendy Harris and Marvin White are two sidekicks who were created in an era in which many cartoons featured main characters with sidekicks who were supposed to serve two purposes: comic relief and viewer identification. In the cartoon, the reason for Wendy and Marvin hanging around with the Super Friends was never really explained. In the comics, some additional information was given. Wendy is the niece of Harvey Harris, a detective who once trained Batman when he was still a teenager. It was postulated in an editorial column that she may have been the Earth-One version of Wendi Harris Tyler, wife of the first Hourman. (For TVCU purposes, Wendi Harris Tyler is the niece of Harvey Harris, and Wendy Harris is the niece of Wendi Harris Tyler.) Marvin (who was given the last name of White in the comics) was the son of Diana Prince, the nurse whose name Wonder Woman took when she came to Man's World, and her husband Dan White. Thus, Marvin had a sort of familial connection to the Super Friends. The Super Friends were designed to help teach young crimefighters how to be superheroes. While Wendy never wore any special costume, Marvin was always dressed with a cape and a big letter "M" on his chest. Wendy and Marvin would later be revamped and used in the Teen Titans comic book as support characters. Marvin was killed and Wendy (who in this version was revealed to be the daughter of the villain the Calculator) was left with spinal cord injuries, denying her the use of her legs.

Wonderdog--In the Super Friends animated series, Wonder Dog is portrayed as the pet/sidekick of Wendy and Marvin. He appears in all 16 episodes of the original television series. This version of Wonder Dog also appeared in the first six issues of the Super Friends comic book series.

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Wonder Woman (Diana Prince)--Steve Trevor crashed his plane on Paradise Island, a hidden location that is home to immortal amazons. Princess Diana won a contest to accompany Trevor back to Man’s World. There, she realized she was needed to help fight against the forces of evil, particularly the Nazis and the god Ares. She became known to the world as Wonder Woman, and took on a secret identity of Diana Prince. Diana Prince was actually a nurse who took the princess into her home when she first came to Man’s World. She left the country with her fiance, not expecting to return, and allowed the princess to assume her identity. Back in the 1940s, it was a lot easier to get away with this type of thing. At the end of the war, Diana returned to Paradise Island, and was replaced by U.S. government chosen representatives over the years. Diana returned from time to time to aid the JSA whenever they would come together after the war. She was also a member of the short lived “Club of Heroes”. In 1960, she became a founder of the Justice League of America, helping to fight the Appelex invasion. She also participated in the “Super Friends” program. However, though Diana had returned, Diana Prince had not. Then, in the 1970s, Princess Diana found a need to resume a secret identity, and posed as the daughter of her original secret identity. In the 1980s, Diana again abandoned her secret identity. She has since served in later incarnations of the League. Diana was not like other amazons. She was born of clay, and given life by the gods after being molded by her mother, who prayed for a daughter. Because of that, Diana finds herself to be extremely willful, like her mother, but at the same time feeling an obligation of obedience towards her mother and the Gods of Olympus. To reconcile her obligations to her mother and the gods and her need to protect the world, Diana occasionally suffers from partial amnesia. There have been times where her mother has made her forget her time in Man’s World, but despite this, she continuously finds herself drawn back to protect the world time and time again.

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Zan and Jayna--The duo made their debut in The All-New Super Friends Hour and went on to appear in Challenge of the Super Friends, The World's Greatest Super Friends, Super Friends, and SuperFriends: The Legendary Super Powers Show. Zan (voiced by Michael Bell) and Jayna (voiced by Liberty Williams) are siblings from the planet Exxor (also spelled Exor) who were being informally trained by the superheroes. Unlike their predecessors, Wendy Harris and Marvin White, this pair was able to participate in combat with abilities of their own. The characters were later introduced in the Super Friends comic, where they were far more competent and heroic. Their powers were activated when the twins touched each other and spoke the words, "Wonder Twin powers, activate!" (In the comics, it was revealed that this phrase was unnecessary, just a habit of theirs.) As they were about to transform, they would each announce their intended form. For example, Zan would announce, "Form of a glacier!" Jayna would then announce her intended animal form. Zan can transform into water at any state (solid, liquid, gas). In the case of becoming solid ice, he can also become any form he chooses, from a cage for a criminal to complex machinery (such as a rocket engine). He also changed into a gelatinous form at one point. On another occasion, he transformed into liquid nitrogen. By combining with already-existing water, Zan could also increase his mass or volume in the water form chosen. In addition, he could transform himself into weather patterns involving water, such as a blizzard, a monsoon, or a typhoon. Jayna can transform into any animal, whether real, mythological, indigenous to Earth or to some other planet, like Beast Boy, so long as she knows the name. In addition, the two shared a telepathic link, enabling one to alert the other over a distance when in dire circumstances. Their mutual telepathy would also explain how they were able to assume forms that allowed cooperation without any previous discussion of strategy.

Earth 1A Timeline

This is a timeline, or a chronology of events that took place in the Super Friends universe, and related universes.
See the Earth-1A timeline for a more comprehensive Super Friends timeline.

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c. 10,000 B.C.--SCOOBY-DOO TEAM-UP # 7--Mystery Inc. travels back in time from the present to meet the Flintstones, at a time when Pebbles and Bamm-Bamm are still babies. Scooby-Doo Team-Up is a current DC series, that seems to take place in the modern era, following the New Scooby-Doo Movies. See “Scooby-Doo Team-Up” on this same website for more about Scooby-Doo Team-Up.

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Release Date: December 1942
Series: Superman (Golden Age)
Animated Series Crosses: Li’l Abner
The Story: Cartoonist Al Hatt gets the idea for his most famous strip from observing a very real hillbilly couple. When the couple plans on getting married, Hatt fears it would ruin his strip and thus tries to get them to call it off.
Notes: Al Hatt is based on real life cartoonist Al Capp, and the hillbilly couple, called Tiny Rufe and Maisie Day here, are meant to be Li’l Abner and Daisy Mae. Most of Superman’s golden age canon fits just fine with the canon of the Super Friends Universe Superman, along with the silver age stories as well. However, we must reject any individual stories that would contradict the animated stories seen in Super Friends, New Adventures of Superman, and the Fleischer Studios shorts.

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Release Date: June 22, 1988 (Setting is 1947)
Series: Roger Rabbit
Animated Series Crosses: Mickey Mouse; Donald Duck; Alice Comedies; Pluto; Bucky Bug (Silly Symphonies); Goofy; The Merry Dwarfs (Silly Symphonies); Flowers and Trees (Silly Symphonies); Babes in the Woods (Silly Symphonies); Father Noah’s Ark (Silly Symphonies); The Three Little Pigs (Silly Symphonies); Toby Tortoise (Silly Symphonies); Water Babies (Silly Symphonies); Who Killed Cock Robin?; Elmer Elephant (Silly Symphonies); Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs; Ferdinand the Bull (Silly Symphonies); Pinocchio; Dance of the Hours (Fantasia); The Pastoral Symphony (Fantasia); The Nutcracker Suite (Fantasia); The Reluctant Dragon; Dumbo; Bambi; Pedro (Saludos Amigos); Reason and Emotion; Chicken Little (1943 Disney short); The Pelican and the Snipe; Peter and the Wolf (Make Mine Music); Song of the South; Johnny Appleseed (Melody Time); So Dear to My Heart; The Wind in the Willows (The Adventures of Ichabod and Mr. Toad); Alice in Wonderland; The Little House; Peter Pan; Paul Bunyan (1958 Disney short); Sleeping Beauty; Mary Poppins; The Jungle Book; Winnie the Pooh; Looney Tunes; Bugs Bunny; Daffy Duck; Porky Pig; Tweety and Sylvester; Foghorn Leghorn; Goofy Gophers; Road Runner; Speedy Gonzales; Marc Anthony and Pussyfoot; Ralph Wolf and Sam Sheepdog; Of Fox and Hounds; One Froggy Evening; Dodo and the Frog; Droopy; George and Junior; Screwy Squirrel; Tom and Jerry; Betty Boop; Koko the Clown; Noveltoons; Popeye; Casper; Superman (Fleischer/Famous Studios); The Fox and the Crow; Woody Woodpecker; Andy Panda; Chilly Willy; Dinky Doodle; Mother Goose on the Loose; Mighty Mouse; Heckle and Jeckle; The Temperamental Lion; Garfield; Gandy Goose; Felix the Cat; Li’l Abner; Augie Doggie and Doggie Daddy; Scooby-Doo!
The Story: When Marvin Acme, the owner of Toontown and the Acme Corporation is murdered, animation short star Roger Rabbit becomes the prime suspect, and detective Eddie Valiant must get over his prejudice towards toons to help clear Rabbit’s name and find the real killer.
Notes: Superman also appears at the deleted funeral scene, comforting Mighty Mouse. This is the Fleischer Studios version of Superman. For the purposes of this timeline, every different variation of Superman will be considered as a separate series, whether in animation or other mediums. This version of Superman originally could not fly, but by the end of the series could. He operated out of Manhattan rather than Metropolis. Other later entries will reveal other versions of Superman existing in the same Super Friends Universe, while others seem to exist in alternate realities. The Superman of the various series tied to the main Super Friends Universe, whether it be from the Fleischer shorts, the New Adventures of Superman, the Super Friends, the 1988 Superman, or various cameos and guest appearances in other cartoons, are all the same Superman. While in my previous work with the Horror Universe (and before that the Television Crossover Universe), continuity was very important. In the Super Friends Universe, it’s been demonstrated that this is a reality with very flexible rules. Thus, it’s very possible that the characteristics of Superman could change over time, and seem different when viewed from the perspectives of different characters and communities of the Super Friends Universe. So the Superman appearing (almost) in Roger Rabbit could indeed be the same Superman who pops up from time to time in Family Guy! As we get to more Superman cartoon appearances, I will explore this issue some more.



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In 68’, before they were the Super Friends, a few future members joined forces and called themselves the Justice League of America.

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THE ADVENTURES OF BATMAN--The Adventures of Batman is an animated television series produced by Lou Schiemer's Filmation studios. It showcased the 12-minute Batman segments from The Batman/Superman Hour, sometimes broken up by and surrounding another cartoon from Filmation's fast-growing stream of superhero stars. A re-branded 30-minute version premiered on CBS on September 13, 1968 as Batman with Robin the Boy Wonder. This version was repackaged without the Superman and Superboy segments.  Olan Soule was the voice of Batman and is most likely best remembered for his work on that show, and many others in the Filmation stable. Casey Kasem, notable for his voice over and radio work, was the voice of Robin.  Batman and Robin would next appear in a The New Scooby-Doo Movies crossover, various versions of Super Friends (featuring Soule and Kasem reprising their Batman and Robin roles, respectively) and The New Adventures of Batman in 1977.

1969--BATMAN # 217--Dick Grayson (Robin) attends Hudson University, which will appear often on LAW & ORDER. Professor Martin Stein (in via SUPER FRIENDS) also attended. Clark Kent had considered attending Hudson but chose Metropolis University instead. It should be noted that Batman has been referenced once in Criminal Intent and once in SVU, both times as a real person. Additionally, Spider-Man was a temporary suspect on one case in SVU.


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Super Friends Poster

The Teen Titans program was replaced in 1970 by the Super Friends program. Rather than the original concept of having the teen heroes work separately, the idea was that former teen heroes would now serve as mentors to the new teen heroes. However, the original Teen Titans also continued to operate without government sanctions.

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1971--James Craddock comes back to life as a ghost. The Martian Manhunter leaves Earth when Mars became desolate to help his people search for a new world. In late 1971, shortly after the Martian Manhunter had left Earth, a group of the Leaguers gathered together and decide to call themselves Super Friends. This is another significant departure from the parallel universe of Earth-One. The name stuck for years, and over time, the name Superfriends was used to describe all members of the Justice League of America. In the first issue of the Super Friends comic book, E. Nelson Bridwell makes it very clear that the Super Friends are sort of a volunteer organization, under the umbrella of the Justice League of America. The founding members of the Justice League's Super Friends organization consisted of Aquaman,Batman,Robin, Superman, Wonder Woman, Hawkman, the Flash, Green Lantern, Black Vulcan And Samurai. The formation of team and members depicted in the Season 3 episode, History of Doom.

1972--Superman and Wonder Woman return Gentleman Ghost to the grave.  The team moves their headquarters from the secret cave to the Hall of Justice, located in Gotham City. The Hall was equipped with an advanced communications network and "Trouble Alert" system (TroubAlert). They maintained a relationship with important government officials such as Colonel Wilcox, who often alerted the Super Friends to various global threats, including alien invasions.  In the parallel universe of Earth-One the Justice League's headquarters were an orbiting satellite. This was depicted in Justice League of America, Vol. 1 #78 (February, 1970) found at the DC Database.  Early on, the weekly meetings only consisted of Superman, Wonder Woman, Aquaman, Batman and Robin.


Release Date: September 15, 1972 (Contemporary Setting)
Crosses: Batman (The Adventures of Batman)
The Story: Mystery, Inc. teams-up with Batman and Robin to foil the counterfeiting ring run by the Joker and the Penguin.

Notes: The Adventures of Batman is an animated continuation of the 1960s live action Batman series. Later, the Batman: The Brave and the Bold animated series will conflate this Batman with that of Super Friends.

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1972--THE BRADY KIDS--"That Was No Worthy Opponent, That Was My Sister"--Superman and Wonder Woman meet the Brady Kids.  This is a precursor to Superfriends.

Super Friends (1973–1974)

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Early 1973--It was not long before their volunteer organization expanded and they added Marvin White and Wendy Harris, to the Junior SuperFriends.

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Spring to Summer 1973--SUPER FRIENDS--Batman (Bruce Wayne) becomes an instructor along with Robin (Dick Grayson), Superman (Kal-El/Clark Kent), Wonder Woman, and Aquaman to train new heroes Marvin and Wendy (and later Zan and Jayna).  They also work as part of the Justice League of America.  The team is nick-named the Super Friends, and later will be code named the Super Powers Team.  The team works for the U.S. Government and the United Nations.  The team was actually founded in 1967 and disbanded in 1985.  It's entire roster over it's long run included:  Aquaman, Batman, Robin, Superman (Kal-El/Clark Kent), Wonder Woman, Atom II, Cyborg, Firestorm, Flash II, Green Lantern Hal Jordan, Hawkgirl II, Hawkman II, Apache Chief, Black Vulcan, El Dorado, Rima the Jungle Girl, Samurai, Green Arrow, Plastic Man, Wendy Harris, Marvin White, Wonderdog, Zan, Jayna, Gleek, Captain Marvel, Huntress II, Black Canary II.  I want to make clear that the shows for the most part appear just like you see them.  The primary foes of the Super Friends would be the Legion of Doom:  Bizarro, Black Manta, Brainiac, Captain Cold, Cheetah, Giganta, Gorilla Grodd, Solomon Grundy, Lex Luthor, Doctor Natas, the Riddler I, the Scarecrow, Sinestro, the Toyman II, Mordru, and Dr. Sivana.  During their final years, they mostly fought Darkseid and his minions.  Additional bad guys they faced were:  Bizarra, Joe Chill, the Crime Syndicate of America, Felix Faust, Gentleman Ghost, Joker, Mirror Master, Mr. Mxyzptlk, Penguin, Royal Flush Gang, the Shark, Dracula, Frankenstein, Orville Gump, the Phantom Zone villains, and Zy-Kree.

Mid 1970's--Sometime in the mid 70’s, the Super Friends faced their greatest “challenge” when they encountered a collaboration of villains known as the Legion of Doom. Led by criminal mastermind Lex Luthor, these super-villains sought for nothing less than total domination of the planet Earth. To accomplish this objective however, they first had to vanquish the Super Friends. They also brought in another hero unique to this reality, Apache Chief.

December 1975 to August 1981--Comic books--The first use of the Super Friends name on a DC Comics publication was in Limited Collectors' Edition #C-41 (December 1975-January 1976) which reprinted stories from Justice League of America #36 and 61 and featured a new framing sequence by writer E. Nelson Bridwell and artist Alex Toth. DC published a comic book version of the Super Friends from November 1976 to August 1981. The comic book series was launched by E. Nelson Bridwell and artist Ric Estrada. Zan and Jayna were given back stories and secret identities as a pair of blond-haired high school kids; they were more competent heroes than their cartoon counterparts.  While the television cartoons were not part of the same fictional universe as the DC comic books, writer E. Nelson Bridwell made the comic book accord with the other DC titles via footnotes. An example of trying to fit Super Friends into the DC Universe:  Wendy, Marvin and Wonder Dog were the only ones active at the Hall of Justice, because the Justice League are in the 30th Century with the Justice Society (as shown in Justice League of America #147–148). Robin was busy helping the Titans in Teen Titans #50-52. Bridwell also gave them last names and ties to the other characters' histories; Wendy Harris was the niece of detective Harvey Harris (who helped train Batman) and Marvin White was the son of Diana Prince (the woman who helped provide Wonder Woman with a secret identity upon her arrival in America). While the show never explained the departure of Wendy, Marvin and Wonder Dog, the story was found in Super Friends #6–9.  The argument for the comic being part of the Earth-One continuity also included the fact that certain elements of the series impacted other books in the DC line (such as TNT's appearance in Kandor in an issue of Superman Family that references events exclusively from Super Friends, Sinestro's lack of a power ring in an issue of The Brave and The Bold after the ring was destroyed in a Super Friends issue, and Superman already being familiar with Dr. Mist and the international heroes in DC Comics Presents after meeting them in Super Friends). Because the Super Friends stories were referenced in and the events in them remembered by the characters in the core DC superhero titles - for example, in Justice League of America no. 155 (June 1978) - they have to be considered part of the pre-Crisis Earth 1 ensemble of stories.  In 2008, DC began publishing a new Super Friends comic book starring Superman, Batman, Wonder Woman, Aquaman, Flash (Wally West) and Green Lantern (John Stewart). Based on the eponymous Imaginext toyline, it is aimed at children, with an art style reminiscent to that of Marvel's Super Hero Squad.
Collected Editions
  • Super Friends: For Justice! (Collects #1-7)
  • Super Friends: Calling All Super Friends (Collects #8-14)
  • Super Friends: Head of the Class (Collects #15-21)
  • Super Friends: Mystery In Space (Collects #22-28)

The All-New Super Friends Hour (1977–1978)

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1977--SUPER FRIENDS # 5--Superman meets Funnyman (another Siegel and Schuster creation).

1977--Gleek is hatched. Invasion of the Space Dolls established that Gleek was hatched "6 years ago." The episode was aired (although not in the US) in 1983. So three years before that is 1977, which is consistent to the time that The All New Superfriends Hour came out.

1977--Two teenage twin mutants from the planet Exxor arrive on Earth to help the SuperFriends battle the evil Grax. They are eventually adopted by Professor Nichols, and become the trainees of the SuperFriends, replacing Marvin White and Wendy Harris. Marvin went on to study at Ivy University, while Wendy moved to Paradise Island to attend an Amazon university to continue her training.

A jester-like incarnation of the Toyman emerged, replacing Winslow Schott.  This is speculation based on the fact that in the SuperFriends cartoon, the Toyman resembles the Jack Nimball Earth-One version of Toyman.

Challenge of the Super Friends (1978–1979)

Challenge of the Superfriends Poster

Challenge of the Superfriends--The Justice League of America battles the plots of the supervillian team, the Legion of Doom.

The World's Greatest Super Friends (1979–1980)

The All-New Super Friends Hour Poster

The All-New Super Friends Hour--A team of the greatest DC Comics superheroes protects Earth with the help of a pair of alien sibling apprentices.

Super Friends #37--"Bad Weather for Supergirl"--Reprinted In:  Super Friends:Truth, Justice and Peace TPB (2003)

Luthor and his allies, which included such notable villains as Brainiac, Bizarro, Grodd and Sinestro, often used highly advanced weapons and devices to capture the Super Friends, but invariably, the heroes always triumphed. By 1979, after countless battles, the Legion of Doom eventually dissolved.

1979--In 1979, Luthor breaks out of jail. He will plague the SuperFriends for the next 5 years.

January 18 and 25, 1979--Legends of the Superheroes--Hanna-Barbera ran two, one-hour live-action specials under the umbrella title Legends of the Superheroes. The first special, subtitled "The Challenge", was loosely based on the Super Friends and the 1960s Batman series (played for laughs, but this time, including a laugh track) and included several other DC characters who replaced Samurai, Black Vulcan, and Apache Chief: Black Canary, the E-2 Huntress Helena Wayne (a new DC character, gathering her own following in All-Star and Adventure Comics JSA runs as a JSA member), and Captain Marvel (who had previously had his own live action series through Filmation studios). The second special, entitled "The Roast", featured Ed McMahon as emcee of the roast, along the lines of The Dean Martin Celebrity Roast specials. Due to Warner Bros.' contracts on Wonder Woman (already being used in her own live action series; Lynda Carter) and Superman (in his own live-action theatrical movie at the time; Christopher Reeve), they were unable to be featured on the specials.

The Plastic Man Comedy-Adventure Show (1979–1981).jpg

September 27, 1979 – February 28, 1981--The Plastic Man Comedy Adventure Show--Plastic Man first appeared in the first season of Super Friends, in one episode. Later, Ruby-Spears Productions released a series starring the character in his own solo adventures.

September 29, 1979--THE WORLD'S GREATEST SUPERFRIENDS--"Lex Luthor Strikes Back"--I've finally found a way to justify the TVCU crossovers that connect to Superman the Movie and Superman II despite the challenges incorporating those films into the TVCU has had for me. In Super Friends episode, "Lex Luthor Strikes Back", Luthor operates out of the same subway lair as in Superman the Movie, with a henchman Orville Gump who strongly resembles Otis. 

The Planet of Oz Poster

November 1979--THE WORLD'S GREATEST SUPER FRIENDS--"The Planet of Oz"--Mister Mxyzptlk abducts Superman, Wonder Woman and Aquaman to his version of Oz and manipulates them to find the wizard for his own ends.

By the 1980s, the original Justice League of America and the Super Friends training program had merged, and was redesignated by the government as the Super Powers Team, with a more specific goal of protecting Earth (and the galaxy) against Darkseid. It was at this time that Aquaman left the team to form his own Justice League of America, privately funded by Henry Heywood. At the same time, the children of the Justice Society of America also formed their own team called Infinity, Inc., funded by Sylvester Pemberton. Also at this time, while still working with the Super Powers Team and the Justice League of America, Batman (Wayne) was also training his own group of superpowered teens, the OUTSIDERS, a pilot for the later Bat Squad/Batman, Inc.

The Voodoo Vampire/Invasion of the Gleeks/Mxyzptlk Strikes Again Poster

October 1980--SUPER FRIENDS--"Mxyzptlk Strikes Again"--

October 1980--SUPER COMICS PRESENTS # 2--"Super-Bob meets Batman"--Batman is in Orange working on a case that Super-Bob also happens to be working on.  So they team up.  Real Life Notes:  This was the Batman of the 1960s television series, who is Bruce Wayne for the purposes of the Super Friends timeline.  

1981 to 1983--SPIDER-MAN AND HIS AMAZING FRIENDS--The TVCU Crew have postulated that there has been more than one Spider-Man, which explains why there have been in later years crossovers showing an older Peter Parker, and also crossovers with a young Spider-Man. To support that theory, it’s been proposed that this animated series may actually be about the second Spider-Man, who operated a couple of decades after the original Spider-Man would have retired. In this series, Spidey is already an established hero, and in college. Because of the dates, it could be that the live action Spider-Man series from 1978 may be the same Spider-Man seen here. In this series, Spider-Man forms a team called the Spider-Friends (likely a nod to the Super Friends) with Iceman and Firestar, also in college and said to be former members of the X-Men during their high school years attending Xavier’s school.

Mxyzptlk's Flick/Sink Hole/Alien Mummy Poster

October 1981--SUPER FRIENDS--"Mxyzptlk's Flick"--

October 10, 1981--SUPER FRIENDS--"The Evil From Krypton"--Phantom Zone criminal Zy-Kree resembles Zod as portrayed in Superman II. So perhaps I can get away with not including those Superman films, but still include the crossovers with those films, as it seems that Super Friends implies that some alternate version of those films' stories exists which fits better into the world of the Super Friends, which means fits better into the TVCU.

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Release Date: July 1982
Series: Superman (Silver Age); He-Man and the Masters of the Universe
The Story: Superman is drawn from his world to Eternia, a planet in an alternate universe, where he becomes a pawn in Skeletor's quest to take Castle Greyskull.
Notes: This team-up was a pilot for the Masters of the Universe mini-series, a four issue DC Comics mini-series that included a preview story that was inserted into many DC titles. The preview also featured Superman, but that main mini-series did not have Superman. This DC version came before the animated series, and was based on the initial mythos created for the toyline. However, much of the mythos presented here for He-Man and the Master of the Universe still fits into the later animated series canon. Eternia was said to exist in a separate reality within the DC multiverse. He-Man’s mother may have came from Earth of that alternate reality or Eternia may in fact be the alternate Earth, in which case He-Man’s mother may have been meant to come from DC’s Earth-1. For our purposes, since the Super Friends implies most of the silver age Superman mythology is in their continuity, we can assume that the Superman of this story is the Super Friends Universe Superman, that He-Man’s mother comes from the Super Friends Universe, and that Eternia is part of the Super Friends Multiverse.

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**APOCRYPHAL**--SEPTEMBER 1982--POWERKID POLICE # 1--"The Super-Trio"--A magical evil calling himself Doctor Deadly comes to Orange from outer space. He claims to have once ruled this world, and now wants to reclaim it. Arriving on the scene to battle this alien wizard is Powerkid, Zap, and a new speedster hero called Speedy. Together, the three are able to stop him where one would have failed. Doctor Deadly flees into outer space. Powerkid and Zap, who are cousins Bobby Wronski and Philip Sheridan, find that this new hero is also their cousin, Shon Ames. The three realize that only by working together were they able to defeat the villain, and that some threats only can be stopped by a team. And so they put the word out that they wish to form a team, and are calling on any new heroes (since there had been a recent explosion of new heroes) who would like to join. The team ends up consisting of initially: Powerkid, Zap, Speedy, the Unknown, Man-Killer, Space Hero, Waterman, Avenger, The Toy, Bird Boy and Bird Girl, Screamer, Witch Woman, Stretch, Vic-20, Tornado Man, and Fireman. Later members would be Kitten Girl, Powergirl, and mascot Chris Whaland. Real Life Notes: During the Super-Bob era, there had been another Super-Trio consisting of Super-Bob, Super-Len, and Witch Woman. Doctor Deadly will later be revealed to be Morgoth from the Lord of the Rings, who is possessing an alien scientist's body. The Powerkid Police is obviously my version of the Justice League of America. Phil Sheridan came up with the name. Powerkid is the PKP version of the JLA's Superman. Zap is the PKP's version of the JLA's Martian Manhunter. Speedy is the PKP's version of the JLA's Flash. Incidentally, a year later, Speedy, under the new name of the Speedster, gets his own series, where he becomes a janitor at a museum in CENTRAL CITY, because he just feels the city needs a speedster. In this reality, the Flash apparently doesn't exist, at least not in the early 80s. Of course, in the Super Friends Universe, he does exist in the early 1980s in the Super Friends. I guess there's more than one Central City. The Unknown is the PKP's version of Batman. Man-Killer fills in for Wonder Woman. Space Hero fills for Green Lantern. Waterman for Aquaman. The Toy for the Atom. Bird Boy and Bird Girl are the PKP's Hawkman and Hawkwoman. Interestingly, later, Bird Boy was found to be constantly hopping around in time due to the Crisis. He was the Bird Boy/Bird Man of the 1950s/1960s Wonder Woman stories, the Bird Man of the 1960s cartoon, and later, Harvey Birdman, Attorney-At-Law. Screamer is Black Canary, obviously. Witch Woman fills in for Zatanna. Stretch fills in for Elongated Man, but is actually Stretch Armstrong, as in the toy where you could grab his arms and stretch him out. Vic-20 and Tornado Man took the place of Red Tornado. Tornado Man here is an older hero among the group, formerly having been a member of the Mighty Heroes. Fireman is the replacement for Firestorm. Kitten Girl and Powergirl joined two years later, with no JLA counterpart. Chris Whaland was the Snapper Carr of the group. The PKP disbanded in 1985, but in 1987, I wrote a story from 1984 that retroactively added the character.--**APOCRYPHAL**

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1983--The New Teen Titans--A cartoon based upon The New Teen Titans comics began development. It was created as a companion for the Super Friends, to be set in the same continuity. Robin wasn't going to be featured in the cartoon though, at least not as a regular, since in the Super Friends universe, he was a member of the Justice League. Like Super Friends, the show was to be developed by Hanna-Barbera for ABC, but since shows like The Smurfs (airing on NBC) were so popular at the time, this show was never picked up by the network. The show would have featured Wonder Girl as the leader, along with CyborgKid FlashChangelingRaven and Starfire. Although the show failed to get picked up, a television commercial with a substance abuse theme did feature the Titans, as they would have appeared in the animated series, along with a new superhero named "The Protector" who would have been the replacement character for Robin. A Teen Titans animated TV program was eventually produced, adding Robin and removing Wonder Girl, Kid Flash, and The Protector.

Mxyzptlk's Revenge/Roller Coaster/Once Upon a Poltergeist Poster

September 1983--SUPER FRIENDS--"Mxyzptlk's Revenge"--

Super Friends: The Legendary Super Powers Show (1984–1985)

The SuperFriends meet Darkseid.

September to October 1984--SUPER FRIENDS:  THE LEGENDARY SUPER POWERS SHOW--Mxyzptlk appears in five episodes in a two month period.

mid-1980s--Batman--A Batman animated series was also considered in the mid-1980s, presumably with Adam West reprising his role as the voice of Batman. "The Fear" was written as a pilot episode for the series, but it was instead adapted in to an episode of The Super Powers Team: Galactic Guardians.

The Super Powers Team: Galactic Guardians (1985–1986)

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1985--The SuperFriends name seems to no longer be in use for the Justice League, now they are simply referred to as "The Super Powers Team."

July 1985--THE CRISIS WITHIN--This mini-series took place concurrently with Crisis on Infinite Earths. It featured every Super Comics character that ever appeared thus far. The story reveals that the Crisis affected all realities, including those of Powerkid, the Heroes of Earth, and Animal Town. This story also takes place in many time periods, involving the present day characters, Super-Bob from 1982, Middle-Earth, the Space Patrol, etc. This also includes appearances of G-Force from Battle of the Planets, Zorro, the Lone Ranger, Star Trek, Buck Rogers, Star Wars, Mighty Mouse, the Super Friends, He-Man, Batman and Robin, the Greatest American Hero, Dial H for Hero, the Mighty Heroes, G.I. Joe, the Ghostbusters, and Madison Mermaid from Splash. (There may be more that I can't remember.) The story reveals that these realities (which would be the TVCU, Horror Universe, and Looniverse), were affected by the anti-matter wall and the time and space anomalies. The Super Comics heroes and villains were all on the Monitor's satellite, along with heroes from the Marvel Universe as well. (For the sake of the TVCU, these alternate realities were all divergent timelines with the exception of the Looniverse, which is a magical realm in the Void between realities). Powerkid and other Super Comics heroes were part of a second team that invade the anti-matter universe. But after that, the Powerkid Police and Heroes of Earth had to deal with a separate crisis within their own realities. Doctor Deadly has taken advantage of the weakening of time and space to attempt to destroy all reality. He's defeated, but a barrier is created that traps the Heroes of Earth in the TVCU, unable to return to their Horror Universe. Also during these events, the Anti-Monitor kills Powergirl, who Powerkid had a crush on. At the end of these events, the Powerkid Police disband and Powerkid retires. He also decides that he is no longer Bobby, and goes by Bob. Another effect of the Crisis is that Powerkid loses knowledge of the future, including his meetings with the Space Patrol. [Powerkid was a character I created as a child, as a fictional super-hero version of myself.]



11.86--Infinity, Inc. #32--Frustrated by the federal ban on superhero activity, Infinity accepts the same assignment as the Global Guardians (Green Flame, Icemaiden, Rising Sun, Tasmanian Devil): to protect a Canadian trade conference. NOTE: This is the first post-Crisis appearance of the Global Guardians; Dr. Mist is also mentioned. Many of their members debuted pre-Crisis in the Super Friends comic book series. Their first mainstream appearance was DC Comics Presents #46 (June 1982); it is uncertain if that story remains valid in post-Crisis continuity. Icemaiden first appeared in Super Friends #9 (12.77), Green Fury in #25 (10.79). Presumably, Beatriz' name was changed from Green Fury to avoid confusion with the Infinitor, Fury.

1.87--Justice League of America #258--LEGENDS Chapter 5--Following the presidential order, J'onn J'onzz formally disbands the Justice League. Returning home to the south Bronx, Vibe is murdered by one of Professor Ivo's robots.NOTE: The cover logo changes this issue.

Release Date: June 1988 (Contemporary Setting, along with numerous flashbacks from ancient times up to the 1960s)
Series: Zatara; Zatanna
Crosses: Doctor Fate; Faust; Hellblazer; Doctor Occult; Sargon the Sorcerer; Spectre; Deadman; Phantom Stranger; She; Justice League of America; Super Friends; All-Star Squadron; Justice Society of America; Hawkman (silver age); Batman (silver age); Atom (silver age); Green Lantern (silver age); Elongated Man; Hawkman (golden age); Starman (golden age); Flash (golden age); Green Lantern (golden age); Atom (golden age); Sandman (golden age); Johnny Thunder (golden age); Superman (silver age); Flash (silver age); Green Arrow (silver age)
The Story: Felix Faust captures Zatanna, and as they discuss his motivations, we are told not only the origins of Zatara and Zatanna, but also of Doctor Mist and Felix Faust.
Notes: This was meant to be the post crisis revised origins of Zatara and Zatanna. However, from pre-crisis to post-crisis, the canon of those characters didn’t really change, and this story really just expands on the older origin without altering it. This story also features the origins of Doctor Mist and Felix Faust, tying the four’s histories together. In the original version of the story, proposed by Jean Marc Lofficier, Wotan was meant to be the main villain. Wotan is from mythology, but this was the version who was an enemy of Doctor Fate. DC had it changed to Felix Faust, an enemy of the Justice League of America. This story conflates Felix Faust with the original Faust. This story reveals that when Zatanna was young, she had an affair with John Constantine. The flashbacks show Zatara as a member of the All-Star Squadron. Zatanna is shown in flashbacks to have worked with many members of the (DC) supernatural community. Doctor Mist is a member of the Global Guardians, first appearing in the Super Friends comic book, but he is based on a character from H. Rider Haggard’s Wisdom’s Daughter. There is a flashback to Zatanna’s original quest storyline. The Justice Society are shown in flashback to the storyline in which they are brought before congress and forced to retire, leading to the end of the golden age of heroes. Zatanna is also shown in flashback as a member of the Justice League of America.


Cartoon Network produced some bumpers lampooning the Super Friends:
  • One dealt with the idiosyncratic nature of the Legion of Doom and Brainiac's odd manner of dress (Brainiac: "Look, I just want some pants...a decent pair of pants!" Solomon Grundy: "Solomon Grundy want pants, too!").
  • The second dealt with the Wonder Twins' uselessness in battle (Zan: "I could get beaten by a sponge! It doesn't even have to be an evil sponge!")
  • The third, co-starring The Powerpuff Girls, dealt with Aquaman's useless powers (Aquaman: "My ability to talk to fish is of no use to us, Wonder Woman!") and the level of violence compared with recent cartoons. Wonder Woman and Aquaman look away while the Powerpuff Girls beat up the Legion of Doom, setting the Scarecrow on fire. Notable was Bubbles' double-entendre reply to Wonder Woman's compliment on how they were developing as superheroes: "One day we'll be as developed as you are". Lex Luthor (a villain with a salacious mind) began laughing; his underlings understood the joke and laughed as well. When a piece of the Hall of Doom's ceiling fell on Luthor's head, everyone laughed. When the Powerpuff Girls came crashing in, Luthor mispronounced their collective name as "The POWDERpuff Girls", annoying the Powerpuff Girls and causing them to angrily correct him: "It's POWERpuff!" "No D!!"
  • In the fourth, co-starring Ben 10, Superman, Aquaman, Wonder Woman and Batman are drinking coffee and discussing about the 'new kid' Ben Tennyson. Wonder Woman tells Batman he's envious of Ben, and she wonder "Maybe because he has super powers?" Batman just torments, however Superman agrees Wonder Woman's point, then explains that Aquaman can talk to fish, and that he can fly; "But you're just a loaded guy with a rubber mask, an expensive car and a funny belt." Just then, Ben walks into the break room and gets his lunch. Batman greets him not quite friendly at first, however after Ben asks Batman for his autograph, Batman feels pleased. He then asked the other superhero if they want half of his sandwich and Aquaman takes it. Ben then tells Superman that he has Superman pajamas, which makes his day. Ben then leaves the break room, all heroes are happy to Ben's nice side for them. And Aquaman chimes in, saying it was cool that he gave him half of his tuna sandwich. Suddenly their mood turns very awkward.
Adult Swim has also produced bumpers parodying the Super Friends. The first was a clip from the episode "The Time Trap", with bleeping edited in to give the appearance of profanity. They produced similar clips using other Hanna-Barbera cartoons. In another bumper, they lampooned the manner in which the Super Friends described every action before completing it (e.g., "I need to reach my utility belt so that I may free myself!") In this commercial, the heroes went to a movie and struggled to find money for popcorn. Several bumpers consist of little more than Aquaman walking into a realistic photograph and then proceeding to dance to some rump-shaking music.

1995--BLOODWULF # 2--From Matt Hickman: In issue 2 of BloodWulf, a comic book about a pretty blatant Lobo rip off form the 90's. After accidentally exposing Ogo to the vacuum of space and blowing him up in the process in issue one, Bloodwulf has to make a pit stop at the Pleasure Plaza, which is a space brothel or get what is left of Ogo (his head grafted onto a new body) Why does this matter? Well, the Pleasure Plaza is filled with cameos: Mr. Fantastic, Plastic Man, Elongated Man, Adam Strange, Mr. Mxyzptlk, a Wookie, Supergirl in her pre crisis outfit, Gleek the Space Monkey, the Wonder Twins, William Riker, a Ferengi bartender, the Phantom, Space Ghost, Spawn, Violator, Cruella de Vil, Groo, Cerebus, Stimpy, Lobo, Megaton Man, Maxx, Glinda the Good Witch of the South, Martian Manhunter, Impossible Man, Hammer of God, a Hutt, Jambi the Genie, John Carter Style Green Martian, Lex Luthor in his Superfriends outfit, and Humpty Dumpty all show up in the background. At the end, Bloodwulf and friends have to fight off an army of aliens who look just like the the Jabberwocky. One of the rules of Pleasure Plaza is no Tribbles. A few Federation Starships show up docked at the Pleasure Plaza and the ship the Bloodwulf passes at the start of the issue is clearly a Galaxy class Starship named the the U.S. S. Intercourse. This is also the ship the Jabberwockys come from after they burst out of the Captain's belly as his shuttle lands at the Pleasure Plaza. And finally the Pleasure Plaza is the same type of Space Station as DS9. [From Rob:  Though it may seem as though it would make more sense to place this in the 24th century, from what I gathered, the series takes place in a contemporary period in outer space.  Perhaps this station is at some nexus of time and space?]

Image result for Green Lantern of the DCAU, was replaced by Hal Jordan

Release Date: 1995 - 2008
Animated Series Crosses: Animaniacs; Baby Looney Tunes; The Batman; Batman: The Animated Series; Batman Beyond; Bugs Bunny; Daffy Duck; Looney Tunes; Tweety & Sylvester; Pinky and the Brain; Tiny Toon Adventures; Coconut Fred’s Fruit Salad Island; Detention; Freakazoid!; Histeria!; Johnny Test; Krypto the Superdog; Legion of Super Heroes; Loonatics Unleashed; Monster Allergy; !Mucha Lucha!; Superman: The Animated Series; Ozzy & Drix; Road Rovers; Scooby-Doo!; Static Shock; Teen Titans; Tom and Jerry; Waynehead; Xiaolin Showdown; The Zeta Project; Codename: Kids Next Door; Foster’s Home For Imaginary Friends; The Powerpuff Girls; Captain Planet; Channel Umptee-3; Generation O!; Jackie Chan Adventures; Men in Black (Animated); Phantom Investigators; Spectacular Spider-Man; Pokemon; Cubix; Yu-Gi-Oh!; Astro Boy; Cardcaptor Sakura; Dragon Ball Z; MegaMan NT Warrior; Sailor Moon; Spider Riders; Transformers: Cybertron; Viewtiful Joe; X-Men: Evolution; World of Quest; Magi-Nation; Will and Dewitt; Brats of the Lost Nebula; Da Boom Crew; Earthworm Jim; Eon Kid; Invasion America; Legend of Calamity Jane; Max Steel; Mummy (Animated); Rescue Heroes; Skunk Fu!
Other Crosses: The Nightmare Room
The Story: Various scenarios. See notes.
Notes: Kids’ WB promos often showed original animation that featured characters from their various programs interacting with each other in a shared universe. Thus, all Kids’ WB programs can be presumed to exist within the Cartoon Universe. One major glitch to this is that some of these shows are clearly not in the same reality. For instance, The Batman is listed above, but the DC Animated Universe that began with Batman: The Animated Series is also there. This can be explained. The Cartoon Multiverse is a series of divergent timelines. In the Justice League Unlimited episode “The Once and Future Thing”, Chronos went back to the dawn of time, the moment from DC continuity where a single universe split into an infinite multiverse. During that episode, Chronos’ constant time travel interference caused the timeline to continuously shift. For example, at one point, John Stewart, the Green Lantern of the DCAU, was replaced by Hal Jordan, who was Green Lantern in the comics and on Super Friends, but never in the DCAU. The Super Friends exists in the main Cartoon Universe timeline (Earth-1A), but whenever we see other versions of DC characters, such as from Batman: the Animated Series or The Batman, we should blame Chronos for a temporary shifting of the timeline. The same premise should be applied to other series like Spectacular Spider-Man (which doesn’t sync with the main Cartoon Universe timeline) or certain reboots like Transformers: Cybertron.

Image result for JLA Circa 1997--WIZARD # 77--This issue parodied the Super Friends; the JLA was sent through a dimensional rift and met some of the Super Friends. After Martian Manhunter used his Martian vision to melt the villain and his machine (much to Green Lantern's dismay: "You have to trick him into leaving, or shutting off his machine, NOT direct physical violence!"), the Super Friends decided to send the Justice Leaguers back to their own dimension. As a jest, the magazine also ran an April Fool's promotion for a Wonder Twins special by painter Alex Ross. The book, entitled Wonder Twins: Form of Water, was to be one of Alex Ross' oversized books chronicling the Justice League. The plot would see Zan and Jayna using their powers to help the Earth's famine- and drought-stricken nations after their monkey, Gleek, contracted super-rabies from severe dehydration.

May 1998--SIMPSONS--"Lost Our Lisa"--When Homer believes he is about to be killed, he prays for SUPERMAN to save him. He survives, though there is no intervention from the man of steel. Crossovers within the Bongo Anomaly are easy. All characters are the original versions of the characters (that are being parodied). Sometimes, it depends on how they are portrayed. For example, Superman might be the version from the movie version or the Super Friends.

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December 1998--BUFFY THE VAMPIRE SLAYER--"The Wish"--Anyaka, a wish demon, comes to Sunnydale, where she grants Cordelia Chase's wish that Buffy Summers had never come to Sunnydale.  The alternate reality seen is possibly the mirror universe.  Just FYI, the mirror universe is where Buffy never came to Sunnydale and where George Bailey had never been born. I think there are enough others (Trek, Hercules, Charmed, G.I. Joe, Super Friends to name a few) that it might deserve it's own blog post.

Release Date:  May 2, 1999
Animated Series Crosses:  How the Grinch Stole Christmas
Cutaway Crosses:  Super Friends
Non-Crosses: Teletubbies
The Story:  A new neighbor moves in next door.  It’s Joe Swanson, wheelchair bound police officer.  Peter becomes resentful of all the attention Joe is getting.
Notes:  Animated Series Crosses:  In a flashback to how Joe became handicapped, Joe fell off of a roof after trying to apprehend the Grinch.  This would be refered to again in a later episode, when it’s revealed to be a lie.  However, since this was a flashback story told by Joe, rather than the standard cutaway, I consider it to mean that the Grinch indeed exists within the world of Family Guy.  Cutaway Crosses:  Peter plays strip poker with the Super Friends at the Hall of Justice.  Non-Crosses:  Stewie becomes hypnotized when watching an episode of the Teletubbies.  

2000-SUPERMAN AND BATMAN: WORLD'S FUNNEST--In the Elseworlds one-shot Superman and Batman: World's FunnestBat-Mite and Mr. Mxyzptlk travel to different worlds within the DC Universe. On one of them, they encounter the Super Friends.
2000 to Present--WWE WRESTLING--Chris Hero (real name Chris Spradlin) is a professional wrestler from METROPOLIS. From 2002 to 2005 he was in a group of wrestlers called the SUPER FRIENDS.



Release Date: December 30, 2000 - July 22, 2007

Series: Harvey Birdman

Animated Series Crosses: Birdman; Mighty Mightor; Super Friends; Peter Potamus

The Story: A former super-hero now works as a lawyer who defends other famed cartoon characters.

Notes: This is a superb series that is part of Cartoon Network’s Adult Swim. It is chock filled with crossover goodness in every episode, mostly with other Hanna-Barbera characters. Like Drawn Together, this is a parody show that features a more adult view of what toons are like behind the scenes. Harvey Birdman is the former hero from Birdman and the Galaxy Trio. In the original Birdman series, Birdman was Ray Randall. His origin was expanded in the comic book adaption. However, an episode of Harvey Birdman confirms what has been implied since the start of the newer series when there is a flashback to Harvey’s time as the super-hero, portrayed in the style of the original series. Perhaps Harvey changed his name when he changed careers to cash in on his heroic fame. Since the original Birdman series and Harvey Birdman are so very different in style and theme, I am considering them as separate series within this website.  Numerous characters from the original Birdman series return for this series.  The Mighty Mightor, a former prehistoric hero, is a recurring judge in this series.  Apache Chief and Black Vulcan of the Super Friends are also recurring characters on this show.  Peter Potamus is another attorney working with Birdman.  

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September 23, 2001--HARVEY BIRDMAN, ATTORNEY AT LAW--"Very Personal Injury"--Ex-Superfriend Apache Chief spills coffee on his lap and loses his superpower, the ability to "grow large at will". Harvey represents the fallen superhero in his fight against the negligent coffee conglomerate.  Apache Chief appears in several more episodes after this.    Apache Chief (Manitou Raven) is a Native American superhero from the various Super Friends cartoons created by Hanna-Barbera. He was one of the new heroes added (along with Black Vulcan, Rima the Jungle Girl, El Dorado and Samurai) to increase the number of non-white characters in the Super Friends ranks. He was voiced by Michael Rye. In the Challenge of the Super Friends Series, Apache Chief was seen in every episode except one, but had spoken lines in nine out of the sixteen episodes of the series. His arch enemy from the Legion of Doom was Giganta, who also happens to be an original arch enemy of Wonder Woman. By speaking the word "Inyuk-chuk" ("Big Man"), Apache Chief could grow to vast sizes. Although it may seem he has limitless height he still has human qualities, but in an episode titled "Colossus", Apache Chief "Inyuk-chuks" himself to cosmic proportions to battle the Colossus, a titanic space creature that plucked Earth from its orbit and placed it in a small (relative to him) glass bottle. He also spoke in stereotypical "Native American English" and recited vaguely Native American philosophy. Black Vulcan also appears and will become a recurrent cameo guest on several more episodes.  Cameo by Zan.

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Release Date:  September 2004 - August 2005
Series:  Justice League Elite
Animated Series Crosses:  South Park; Super Friends
Other Crosses:  JLA; Green Arrow; The Flash; Green Lantern; Batman (Modern Age/Post Crisis)
The Story:  A Justice League offshoot forms for black ops missions.
Notes:  Bringing in this series to the Super Friends Universe does not bring in all of the JLA series, or the Justice League or DC Universe in general.  But considering how comics are adapted to animation, it’s not unreasonable to include this series as part of the main Super Friends Universe timeline.  In one issue of this series, but I don’t know which issue, as I got his information from my colleague Salvatore Cucinotta, one of the characters states that his wife is a fan of Cop Drama.  Cop Drama is a fictional television series, a parody of NYPD Blue, that first appeared on South Park, in the episode titled “It Hits the Fan”, which is the episode where a certain explitive word was repeatively uttered.  One of the members of Justice League Elite is Manitou Raven, who is meant to be a post-Crisis version of Apache Chief.  This version is from the distant past, before the sinking of Atlantis, and has the magical powers of a sorcerer rather than the ability to grow in size.  Likely for our purposes, Manitau Raven may not be Apache Chief, but perhaps he and his wife, Manitau Dawn, are ancestors of Apache Chief.  Other members of the Elite include Green Arrow, the third Flash (Wally West), Green Lantern’s foe Major Disastor, and Cassandra Cain (aka Batgirl).

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May 2005--FAMILY GUY--"Fast Times at Buddy Cianci Jr. High"--The green slime Peter gets when he says “I don’t know” (followed by the music and the title screen) is from the kids’ sketch comedy show You Can't Do That On Television.  Peter used to be one of the Wonder Twins from the Super Friends. Unlike Zan, he doesn’t transform into a form of water. Rather, he takes the shape of Jayna’s tampon, hops into her purse, and proceeds to play “the waiting game.”  When Seth McFarlane guest-starred on a season 12 episode of MADtv, he used the scene where Peter and Lois suspect Chris of killing his teacher’s husband in a sketch where McFarlane reveals that he had planned two prototypical versions of Family Guy—one done in live action (with Seth as Peter, Arden Myrin as Lois, Bobby Lee as Stewie, Frank Caeti as Chris, and Crista Flanagan as Meg), which was rejected after Crista dies during her window jumping stunt; and another done with Seth as the voice of Peter, Dane Cook (Ike Barinholtz) as Chris, Snoop Dogg (Keegan-Michael Key) as Stewie, Queen Latifah (Nicole Randall Johnson) as Meg, and Kathy Griffin (Nicole Parker) as Lois.

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Release Date:  October 23, 2005

Animated Series Crosses:  Yakky Doodle; Jabberjaw; Speedy Buggy; Scooby-Doo!; Yogi Bear; Hokey Wolf

Other Crosses:  Hawkman

The Story:  Yakky Doodle petitions for a name change.  Clam Head sues Tinker, the

operator of Speed Buggy, for identity theft. A villain goes crazy creating clones to destroy Birdman.

Notes:  Yakky’s claim is that his name is now a sexual reference.  Clam Head was a member of a band of mystery solving teens whose mascot was Jabberjaw.  Tinker was a member of a group of mystery solving teens whose mascot was Speed Buggy.  Of course, the joke here is that following the success of Scooby-Doo, Where are You!, Hanna-Barbera came out with several other animated series featuring mystery solving teens and a humorous mascot.  Shaggy testifies as of course, both Clam Head and Tinker were inspired by Shaggy, as their shows were inspired by Scooby-Doo!  It’s revealed in this episode that every variant animated version of a Ranger Smith, whenever drawn differently, is actually a clone, created by the Deadly Duplicator.  Ding-a-Ling Wolf appears in a flashback to a previous episode.  Hawkman shows up at the end of the episode, not seen but said to be in the waiting room, supposedly to claim that Birdman is a clone of this original golden age DC Comics hero.  Likely, this Hawkman is the same version from the Super Friends, seeing as how Apache Chief, Black Vulcan, and the Hall of Justice have been seen already in this series, and the Super Friends have been referenced.  But since Hawkman isn’t actually shown, I am counting this as a reference to the DC comics character, which could be either the golden or silver age incarnation.  

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November 2005--FAMILY GUY--SEASON 4 EPISODE 14 “PTV”

Release Date: November 6, 2005

Animated Series Crosses: G.I. Joe; Super Friends

The Story: When the FCC goes overboard on censorship, Peter creates his own pirate television station.

Notes: Cobra Commander is the head of the FCC. In the canon of G.I. Joe, Cobra is a terrorist organization that has many fronts, though they are usually corporations and towns, not government agencies. Apache Chief, a super-hero who originated on the Super Friends, helps Peter put a satellite dish on his roof using his power to grow large. Non-canonical: The opening sequence is a direct parody of the opening of The Naked Gun, and also incorporates Star Wars, Pirates of the Caribbean, Wizard of Oz, The Shining, Ben-Hur, Doom, The Sound of Music, The Simpsons and Bobby’s World. Peter has a cutaway flashback in which he is raped by Jake Ryan of Sixteen Candles on his sixteenth birthday. In another cutaway flashback, Peter owned a mail-order business transporting Acme products to Wile E. Coyote. There is also a parody version of the Honeymooners seen on TV.



Release Date: December 7, 2005

Animated Series Crosses: Godzilla (Hanna-Barbera)

Other Crosses: Super Nanny; Batman; Spider-Man; Green Lantern; Hawkman
The Story: Captain Hero sees Supernanny as a rival. Meanwhile, LingLing tries to get his driver’s license.
Notes: Godzilla appears to protest Ling-Ling for turning his back on his Japanese culture. This Godzilla appears exactly like in the 1970s Hanna-Barbera cartoon. Super Nanny is actually a reality show in the real world. Batman, Spider-Man and Green Lantern (Hal Jordan) also appear, along with Ethan Hawkman. Ethan Hawkman is a conflation of actor Ethan Hawke and Thanagarian hero Hawkman. The Super Friends Universe also has a Hawkman, as seen in the Super Friends. It must be assumed that Ethan Hawkman is a separate hero.

2008--MARVEL'S THE AVENGERS--This takes place very shortly after the last three films and the prologue to CAPTAIN AMERICA.  Borrowing from the comics, we can assume that this Nick Fury is actually the son of the other Nick Fury from the comics, who has crossovers with James Bond, Dean Martin, and more.  The Avengers Initiative must be a revival of the 1970s/1980s Super Powers Team (aka the Super Friends or the Justice League of America).  In fact, in one of the previews for Iron Man 3, Stark's assistant refers to the Avengers as the Super Friends, cementing this concept.  It should be noted that I'm placing this in the Super Friends Universe.  And if this bothers you, then simply disregard for your own personal crossover reality.  

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2010--DC Super Friends--Fisher-Price developed a toy line named DC Super Friends featuring DC Comics characters as toys for young children. A comic book series and direct-to-video original animation called The Joker's Playhouse (2010) was developed to tie-in. The video features the World's Greatest Super Friends theme, allusions to the Legion of Doom, and the Super Friends and their Hall of Justice. To watch a full array of clips, visit http://www.batterypop.com/shows/dc-super-friends

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Release Date: March 18, 2010
Series: Drawn Together
Animated Series Crosses: Flintstones; Road Runner; Smurfs; Super Friends; He-Man and the Masters of the Universe; Peter Pan; Robin Hood; Alice in Wonderland; Little Mermaid; South Park; Roger Rabbit
Other Crosses: Aquaman; Plastic Man; Green Lantern; Watchmen; Batman
The Story: The cast learn that their show had been cancelled quite a while ago, and they had been continuing to live there only for the amusement of the Jew Producer. They also learn that they aren’t real, but rather caricatures created specifically for the show, with manufactured back stories. The show is replaced by a new cartoon called Suck My Taint, and the Suck My Taint girl advises the cast that they must travel to Make a Point Land, because their show can only be successful if they balance the crude jokes with some relevant topical observations.

Notes: The cast was supposed to be erased when the show was cancelled but the Jew Producer kept them alive and hidden. Once exposed, the housemates must flee and go into hiding. Toots hides out in Bedrock, said to be in the present day. There, she has an affair with Barney Rubble and becomes the mother of Bamm-Bamm. This is anachronistic, as the Flintstones were originally said to take place circa one million B.C. Bamm-Bamm was adopted by the Rubbles several seasons into the series that ran in the 1960s. It must be that Bedrock actually exists in some pocket reality attached to the Cartoon Universe, where time operates differently. Thus, it exists in both the present and circa 1 Million B.C. Clearly, Toots entered Bedrock at a point prior to Bam-Bam's first appearance. After Bamm-Bamm was born, an orphan as Barney hid evidence of the affair, Barney and Betty later adopted Bamm-Bamm, Barney secretly knowing that Bamm-Bamm was actually his natural son. While on the road, the cast runs over the Road Runner. Seeing his life purpose gone, Wile E. Coyote takes his own life. Of course, both would return to life as per toon nature. Smurf Village is shown to be in Toontown, despite originally depicted in their own series as existing in medieval Belgium. They are at Papa Smurf’s funeral. He too would return to life. Captain Hero is dating Molly, a dead corpse! Molly is shown to have had sexual relations with other heroes in the past, including Aquaman, Plastic Man, Green Lantern Hal Jordan, Doctor Manhattan, the Wonder Twins, Gleek, He-Man, Orko, Battle Cat, Batman and Robin. Clara’s home is revealed to be in a magic kingdom in Anaheim that clearly is Disneyland. This supports the premise that Disney theme parks have portals to other realities, or perhaps co-exist within several realities at once. At Clara’s castle are Tinkerbell, the Rhino guards from Robin Hood, a doorknob as seen in Alice in Wonderland, and the Atlantis and Sebastian from the Little Mermaid. Suck My Taint is a parody of South Park, and the Suck My Taint girl is animated in the style of a South Park character. Furthermore, she has a picture of Cartman’s cat. The Drawn Together house is in Toontown. The whole premise that Drawn Together characters never existed prior to the start of the show, despite the fact that previous episodes have established backstory and introduced characters from their pasts, supports the idea that the whole of the Cartoon Universe only exists as a tulpa like reality, composed of psychic energy from the imaginations of those who reside in the Live Action Universe.

Release Date: October 14, 2011
Animated Series Crosses: Space Ghost
The Story: After teaming up with Space Ghost, Batman must then save other heroes from Mister Freeze.
Notes: According to Bat-Mite, every version of Batman exists in a separate reality, that for our purposes would be the Cartoon Multiverse (or Television Crossover Multiverse). Brave and the Bold has established itself with the designation of Earth-23, whereas the main Cartoon Universe is Earth-1A (based on DC Comics’ designation for the Super Friends). The Space Ghost meeting occurs in the episode teaser, and appears to take place in Space Ghost’s future era, in his region of outer space. It could be that this is the Space Ghost from the main Cartoon Universe, as this Batman has travelled through time and to alternate realities on more than one occasion. But it could just as easily be the Space Ghost of Earth-23. In the main Cartoon Universe, years after Space Ghost’s adventures in the future, he will then travel into the 20th century and become a talk show host.

2012--DC SUPER FRIENDS--Revived with a new cartoon, comic, and toyline that portrays a kid-friendly version of a Justice League that is a mix of the New 52 and DC Animated Universe line-ups.

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SCOOBY-DOO TEAM-UP # 1--Batman and Robin

  • Issue # 1 seems to be a follow-up to the three previous Scooby/Batman team-ups from New Scooby-Doo Movies and Batman:  The Brave and the Bold.  
  • This issue introduces Man-Bat to the Super Friends Universe.
  • The art seems to imply this is the world of the newer version of the DC Super Friends series aimed at kids, but later issues show that this isn’t the case.
  • The Batman from the original Scooby team-ups was the same as the Batman from the Adventures of Batman and New Adventures of Batman animated shows, which was itself a continuation of Batman’66.


SCOOBY-DOO TEAM-UP # 2--Ace the Bat-Hound

  • Ivan informs on the podcast that this version of Ace does indeed act similar to the manner that was first introduced in the Krypto the Super-Dog animated series and later on the DC Nation shorts. The Krypto series does not work for this timeline because in that series Krypto arrives on Earth after Superman is an adult and lives with a boy in the suburbs of Metropolis. Super Friends incorporates the previous Filmation versions of Superman and Superboy, including adventures of Superboy and Krypto. So we must abide by the original silver age origin of Krypto. The DC Nation Shorts featuring the Super-Pets works though.
  • This also brings in Mystery Analysts of Gotham City


    SCOOBY-DOO TEAM-UP # 6--Super Friends

    • This is the original version of the Super Friends.  Not the new DC Super Friends comic version.
    • Nice reference to what became of Marvin and Wendy, but what became of Zan and Jayna?
    • Shaggy and Scooby controlling Sinestro’s ring.  Also, the fear controlling the ring is a post crisis element.
    • Supergirl appearing in the costume from her one-time appearance in the Super Friends comic book.
    • Brainiac’s monkey is shown in flashback to Brainiac’s first silver age appearance.
    • Wonder Woman references the previous issue she was in.


    SCOOBY-DOO TEAM-UP # 9--Superman

    • This is classic Pre-Crisis Superman.  Krypto is not from the cartoon but the silver age version.  References to Elastic Lad, signal watch, that pool at the fortress that gives powers, the Fortress itself, the Jimmy Olsen Fan Club etc.
    • No Z in Brazier reference to Margot Kidder’s Lois from the Christopher Reeve movies.
    • Perry White references  the classic George Reeeves episode where a crook pretends to be ghost of Caeser to drive Perry crazy.
    • Reference to the previous Super Friends issue.
    • Lois’ costume looked a bit like the one seen in Lois and Clark
    • Lots of classic villains, Professor Pottor, Space Canine Patrol Agency


      SCOOBY-DOO TEAM-UP # 15--Flash

      • This is silver age Flash, though he’s reminiscent of Justice League Flash and DC Super Heroes Flash.
      • Grodd’s Super Friends appearance mentioned
      • Flash should be on TV mentioned.
      • Daphne being danger prone damsel in distress mentioned throughout series.  This is something that came from the live action films, but clearly Daphne does not possess the martial arts skills from those movies.

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      Release Date: June 21,1986 (Setting is an indeterminate time in the near future)

      Series: Project A-ko

      Animated Series Crosses: Superman (Fleischer Studios); Super Dimension; Macross

      Other Crosses: Wonder Woman (television)
      The Story: An alien space craft crashed into Graviton City, wiping out the whole population. A new city is built in its place. A-ko and C-ko are best friends at the new Graviton City high school. A-ko is the daughter of Clark Kent and Diana Prince Kent, and has inherited superhuman strength and speed, but otherwise is an average teenager. Both girls gain the interest of B-ko, a rich girl with who is a genius with technology. B-ko has a crush on C-ko, and expresses her feelings by attacking A-ko each morning using her advanced mecha technology and her team of female followers. Eventually, the aliens return, an all-female race of aliens, who invade in order to abduct their lost princess, who turns out to be C-ko. A-ko and B-ko team-up to save Graviton City.
      Notes: Though the time period is indeterminate, due to the aged and married Superman and Wonder Woman with a teen child, and based on the fact that the Super Friends Universe also includes Star Trek, I suspect this takes place in the 22nd century, at a point in the Super Friends Universe’s improbable future where the heroes would age (should they start aging) and when first contact was achieved but Earth was not yet part of the Federation. Project A-ko is followed by several sequels. A-ko’s parents are shown to be Superman and Wonder Woman, and specifically, this film references the Fleischer shorts Superman and the Bulleteers. Wonder Woman is visually based on Lynda Carter, the actress who played Wonder Woman in the 1970s television series. It could be some of the television series had similar events in the Super Friends Universe, but Wonder Woman’s appearances in Super Friends contradict the live action series, which has Wonder Woman inactive from the end of World War II to the late 1970s. This film heavily ties into Super Dimensional Fortress Macross, which itself is a crossover of the Super Dimensional trilogy and the Macross series. Project A-ko is the first Japanese animation to be brought into the Super Friends Universe, research wise, even though chronologically, there are others already presented. I should note that one of my fellow crossoverists, Salvatore Cucinotta, also believes B-ko must be the daughter of Tony Stark, aka Iron Man, based on her wealth, personality, and genius in technology and armor. However, though it makes sense, there is no actual evidence to support the idea.

      Before the Marvel Cinematic Universe...there was the DC Animated Universe. I just saw "the Once and Future Thing", an episode of Justice League Unlimited, which of course is a continuation of Justice League, which was a spin-off of both Batman the Animated Series and Superman the Animated Series, and which crosses over in that episode with Batman Beyond and Static Shock. If only they had found a way to include Zeta Project, they would have tied together every DCAU show in one story. But they did manage to throw in the DC Western heroes for good measure, and due to a shifting timeline due to Chronos, we got to see John Stewart temporarily replaced by Hal Jordan (who never became Green Lantern in that reality.) I personally consider that a crossover with Super Friends, but that's just me.

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      Release Date: Late December 2007 - May 2008 (Setting is Contemporary and 3008)

      Series: Superman (New Earth)

      Animated Series Crosses: Futurama

      Other Crosses: Legion of Super-Heroes
      The Story: The Legion summon Superman to the 31st century in order to gain his assistance. The Earth’s sun has turned red, which makes Superman powerless. A villain called Earth-Man has formed the Justice League of Earth, and has turned Earth xenophobic by convincing them that Superman had really been a human who protected Earth from alien threats. Thus, the Legion have become outlaws.

      Notes: As many aliens are being rounded up for detention centers in major cities throughout Earth, one question must be asked. Why not Zoidberg? That’s right. Doctor Zoidberg, who works at Planet Express in New New York, is among the aliens being rounded up. And it makes sense. Futurama is also set 1000 years in the future, taking place contemporary with the adventures of the Legion of Super-Heroes. The Superman involved here is the version that existed in the DC continuity that followed Infinite Crisis but preceded the next reboot in Flashpoint. This five year period was said to take place in the DC multiverse known as the 52, on Earth-0, aka New Earth. The Legion of Super-Heroes here is more complicated. It’s the same version of the Legion that existed in the silver age, and early post-crisis stories, recently having been revealed as still existing, but with minor continuity changes to reflect Superman’s altered history. Following Flashpoint, in the New 52, this version of the Legion will still exist, but with once more a few alterations to reflect Superman’s ever changing canon. However, a lot of what I just said should be ignored completely when discussing the Super Friends Universe. Since this is a cross with Futurama, even if this story takes place on New Earth or Prime Earth of the DC Multiverse, it likely also happened in the Super Friends Universe. That would mean that this story involved the Super Friends Universe Superman. That can work. The Super Friends Universe Superman was once Superboy, as demonstrated in the Super Friends. The Super Friends comic book brings in most of DC’s silver age continuity up until the debut of Firestorm, so the stories of Superboy and the Legion of Super-Heroes could have also happened in the Super Friends Universe. It does help that many silver age stories were a bit silly, especially for the Superman Family. The New Earth Superman brought back the concept that young Superman had been a member of the Legion, thus tying back into the silver age continuity and canon.

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      40th century

      3977--Superman, Hawkman and Hawkgirl time travel to this year to rescue a time warped scientist and bring him back to the present.  As seen in the Super Friends Season 2 episode Time Rescue.

      3984--The Legion of Doom time travel to this year and conquer the earth of this era, with the help of a subhuman cave dwelling race called the Barlocks, who help them overthrow earth's capitol city. They move on into outer space and conquer the entire Milky Way Galaxy, with plans to overthrow the rest of the universe. But eventually the Super Friends travel to this year and defeat the Legion.  As seen in the Super Friends Season 3 episode Conquerors of the Future.


      Arrowverse--In the Invasion cross-over event, across SupergirlThe FlashArrow and DC's Legends of Tomorrow, the secret STAR Labs base used by the heroes was based on the Hall of Justice.

      DC Nation Shorts--The title of the Super Best Friends Forever DC Nation Shorts is a play on the title Super Friends. Additionally, Black Vulcan's costume can be seen in the background of the first Black Lightning short. The Farm League carries several homages to the Super Friends including its narrator, characters used, and graphics.

      DC Universe (Central Timeline/Post-Zero Hour)--In the comics, the Wonder Twins were members of the short-lived JLI offshoot, Extreme Justice.  Young Justice was a comic series that followed the adventures of a group composed of the latest teen superheroes of the late 1990s and early 2000s, including RobinSuperboyImpulse and Wonder Girl. Towards the end of the run, Young Justice was involved in a mission which required them to invade an island whose population was made up of super-villains. In order to conduct a successful attack, the core team assembled all the then-known teen heroes (including the Wonder Twins). As in Extreme Justice, neither spoke English and both seemed to enjoy eating CDs. Unlike their cartoon counterparts, the Wonder Twins were rude and sarcastic.  The lighthearted nature of the show was spoofed in the 2000s with two DC miniseriesFormerly Known as the Justice League and I Can't Believe It's Not the Justice League! (although these series were more direct take-offs on the 1980s Blue Beetle/Booster Gold-era Justice League). In these miniseries the group is known as the "Super Buddies", and consists of a team of ex-Justice League members. A television advertisement for the team shows them posing in the postures of the original Super Friends title card.

      Image result for Justice Friends.

      Dexter's Laboratory--One of the backup segments in Dexter's Laboratory was called Justice Friends. The title was derived from the Justice League and Super Friends, and the series made references to the superficial plot lines of the Super Friends shows. However, the characters were parodies of Marvel ComicsAvengers team (the Marvel equivalent of the Justice League/Super Friends).

      Earth-0 (aka New Earth)--Post Infinite Crisis--As of issue #34 (2006), Wendy and Marvin were part of the DC continuity. They are now fraternal twins (a nod to their Super Friends successors, the Wonder Twins), engineering geniuses (having graduated from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology at age 16), and are employed at Titans Tower as maintenance crew and mechanical troubleshooters. They were responsible for restoring Titans member Cyborg to full functionality after he sustained damage to his artificial body parts during the events of the Infinite Crisis mini-series. Wonder Dog was also introduced into the series, although (unlike the cartoon) he was not a lovable sidekick but a murderous, shape-shifting demon dog who was sent to Titans Tower to kill the team. Wonder Dog killed Marvin and attacked Wendy, leaving her crippled from the waist down. Wendy is a supporting character in the Batgirl series, where she receives help accepting her disabilities from former Batgirl Barbara Gordon.  During the events of the 2005 company-wide Infinite Crisis crossover the Justice League Watchtower was destroyed by Superboy-Prime, leaving the JLA without a base of operations. To that end, the team established the Hall of Justice in Washington, D.C. to act as an embassy for the team and an emergency base of operations if needed. In the continuity of the comics, the Hall was designed by Green Lantern and Wonder Woman. In Justice League of America #46 (2010) Samurai made his first appearance in the DC Universe, where he was shown as one of the heroes driven temporarily insane by Alan Scott.

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      EARTH-1 (PRE-CRISIS):  I know it's the popular notion that the Inferior Five were on Earth-12 based on a remark in a Captain Carrot issue that they were looking for Earth-12, I go more with the theory from Mike's Amazing World of DC Comics that they (and the Super Friends) were on Earth-1. In fact, in the 1970s, the Super Friends continuity was interwoven with Earth-1. 

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      Earth-One A--Pre-Crisis--Earth-1A is the unofficial name of the universe that the Super Friends live in. We have also learned from the Super Friends Comic Book that the Justice League of America of this earth have made contact with the Justice Society of America of Earth-2A and have even shared some adventures together. When the heroes of the Justice League gained their own cartoon show in the form of the Super Friends it was inevitable that they would in turn spawn a spin off comic called THE SUPER FRIENDS. Written by E. Nelson Bridwell the stories while possibly meant to be in Earth-One were a little too different for inclusion there. This Earth saw the first appearance of the various heroes that would go onto become the Global Guardians (a real Earth-One group). This Earth was set aside from Earth-One by the inclusion of Earth-Two characters such as Plastic Man and T.N.T and Dyne-Mite. First appeared in Batman.

      Earth-12 (DC Animated Universe)--At the end of "Secret Origins," the premiere three-episode arc of Justice League, Superman proposes the formation of a superhero coalition including himself, Batman, Wonder Woman, the Flash (Wally West), the Green Lantern (John Stewart), the Martian Manhunter, and Hawkgirl. In a direct reference (and perhaps a criticism of the somewhat silly name), the Flash jokingly asks if such a team would be called "Super Friends." Superman relabels the guild as the "Justice League."  In the animated series Justice League Unlimited, Gorilla Grodd reforms his Secret Society this time an even larger group of villains. While not called "The Legion of Doom", their headquarters is a craft similar to the Hall of Doom, located in a swamp. Additionally, the Justice League's Metro Tower headquarters in Metropolis strongly resembled the Hall of Justice.  The Ultimen, loosely based on characters created for the Super Friends, were briefly allies and later antagonists to the JLU. The Ultimen consisted of Long Shadow, Juice, Wind Dragon, Downpour and Shifter. The group appeared in the episode "Ultimatum", where it is revealed that they are clones created by Project Cadmus.

      Earth-12 (Pre-Crisis) was populated by parodies from across pop-culture, but many of DC's major characters existed there with the same names as in the DCU (Superman, Batman, etc), leading many to suspect that the SuperFriends cartoon took place in Earth-12 continuity.

      Earth-23--The Hall of Justice appeared in the Batman: The Brave and the Bold episode "Sidekicks Assemble!", with a pastiche of the music played when the Hall appeared in Super Friends.

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      Earth-38--In the pilot episode of Supergirl, Winn thought of calling the group with Kara "The Super Friends".

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      Fairly OddParents--In The Fairly OddParents episode "Power Pals", Timmy wished for better super-friends. As a result, he got a team of superheroes—the Power Pals—as "friends." The four characters parodied famous characters including Superman, Wonder Woman, Batman, and Aquaman, and came with their own narrator. Aspects of Super Friends were parodied such as randomly pressing beeping buttons (that flash in an equally random pattern) on any computer module, invisible vehicles (somehow the Power Pals could see a dent in the invisible rocket and could be seen from the outside, since only the rocket is invisible), the perceived uselessness of Aquaman parody Wet Willy's ability to talk to fish and powerlessness outside of water and near-instantaneous travel to distant galaxies.

      Family Guy--In the Family Guy episode "A Hero Sits Next Door", there was a cutaway joke involving Peter playing a game of strip poker with Wonder Woman. Super Friends-style scene transitions appear twice in the episode. In "Fast Times at Buddy Cianci Jr. High", Peter flashed back to the time he was a Wonder Twin, taking the form of Jayna's tampon. In "Perfect Castaway", when Lois told Peter how well the family had been doing ever since she married Brian she mentioned that Meg went on a date with the Super Friends' announcer. Then a scene shows Meg and the announcer in a car on a hill where the announcer says, "Meanwhile, underneath Meg Griffin's bra...". In "PTV" Apache Chief helps Peter install a satellite dish for his unauthorized TV station. In "No Meals on Wheels", Peter made a reference to the Mexican Super Friends; a non sequitur showed Mexican versions of superheroes, including "Mexican Superman" and "Mexican Batman".  In "It Takes a Village Idiot, and I Married One", when Lois ran for mayor she attempted to gain the "stupid vote" by claiming Adolf Hitler was working with the Legion of Doom to plot the assassination of Jesus. Shortly after this, the Legion of Doom's base rose from the lake and Lex Luthor asked the other Legion members how she knew their plans. Solomon Grundy admitted he "kinda dropped the ball on that one". The opening of "Family Goy" parodied the opening sequence of Super Friends with Peter as Superman, Brian and Stewie as Batman and Robin respectively, Lois as Wonder Woman, Chris as Aquaman and Meg as....Meg. In Something, Something, Something Dark Side, shortly after Chris/Luke and Cleveland/R2-D2 landed on Dagobah, the Legion of Doom fortress rose from the swamp with the same narration and music. Chris/Luke yelled, "Not now!" and the fortress quickly sank.

      Image result for heavy Paris Hilton super-hero

      Heavy.com--An ongoing animated series, featuring controversial celebrities Paris HiltonNicole RichieLindsay Lohan, and the Olsen twins in the roles of tasteless superheroes, was created in 2006 by Heavy.com. Both the setting and some of the girls' superpowers were plays on elements from Super Friends.

      Holy Musical B@man!--Super Friends was mentioned at the end of the StarKid Productions musical Holy Musical B@man!. At the end of the musical, Batman, Robin, Superman, and the Green Lantern combine to form a "league of justice" they call the Super Friends. This group consists of some of the members of the original Super Friends as well as some new additions.

      Injustice: Gods Among Us--The Hall of Justice is a playable stage in Injustice: Gods Among Us.

      Lego Justice League: Cosmic Clash Makes Super Friends Again

      Lego Batman Movie--In The Lego Batman Movie, the cast of the Super Friends are seen celebrating an anniversary party in the Fortress of Solitude, which Batman wasn't invited to.

      Mad--In early episodes of the animated series Mad, a few of the PSAs were remade which it was called "Super Villains". There have currently been two of these, one about health and the other about safety. In one sketch, Superman, Batman, and Wonder Woman are convinced to change the name from the Super Friends to the Justice League after a musical appeal by fellow heroes.

      MTV's The State--During a transition between two other skits on MTV's The State, there was a brief scene with members of the State dressed as Super Friends. The Flash ran in, informing them of an impending disaster. Superman then began assigning serious tasks to all of the members, finishing by saying "and Aquaman... go talk to some fish". The Super Friends then began laughing hysterically, while a visibly embarrassed Aquaman just stood there.


      SCOOBY-DOO!  MASK OF THE BLUE FALCON--In this film, Dynomutt and other Hanna-Barbera series are fictional.  This means that Scooby's team-ups with other HB characters in previous series do not exist in this timeline.  This is probably the most important distinction separating this from other timelines, the other being that Zombie Island negates any previous times Scooby encountered real supernatural beings.  Also, Wulfric and Bram from two previous films appear.  The city's mayor is designed the same as the mayor of Big City in the Dynomutt cartoons.  So even if Dynomutt wasn't real...?  The very first Dynomutt episode was a crossover with Scooby-Doo that featured Mr. Hyde as the villain. Hyde's actions also reflect the original episode plots, which is acknowledged In-Universe.  The title sequence features the Black Knight, the Miner 49er, the Space Kook, Redbeard's Ghost, the Ghost Clown from Scooby-Doo, Where Are You!, and Joker's and Penguin's Troll and Dryad costumed monsters chasing the gang before Scooby and friends are saved by Blue Falcon, Dynomutt, Space Ghost, Zandor, Mighty Mightor and Frankenstein Jr.  Owen Garrison is named after Gary Owens, the original voice of the Blue Falcon.  Owen Garrison is clearly made to be Adam West, complete with Jeff Bennett doing an impersonation of West. Also, Garrison's characterization echoes Simon "The Gray Ghost" Trent from the Batman: The Animated Series episode "Beware the Gray Ghost".  Even the part about him being banned from wearing the Blue Falcon costume by the producers of a new movie about the character is taken from real life, based on an incident where Clayton Moore was sued by the producers of Legend of The Lone Ranger over his continued appearances as the character taking attention away from their movie.  The kid who takes the last video is designed to look like DD from Clue Club.  The producer of the Darker and Edgier Blue Falcon movie, who also created the in-universe Transmollifiers series, who loves putting "Revenge" in the titles of her movies, is a clear shot at Michael Bay.  Note that along with the HB characters, Gleek, Apache Chief and Black Vulcan from the Super Friends are also shown to be fictional characters.  

      Image result for SCOOBY-DOO TEAM-UP


      • JETSONS
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          Smallville--The Wonder Twins appeared in the Smallville episode "Idol", with Zan played by David Gallagher and Jayna played by Allison Scagliotti. Gleek did not appear physically, but a cartoonish image of him was shown on each of the twins' cellphones.

        South Park--The South Park episode "Super Best Friends" was a spoof of the series, depicting religious figures as a team of superheroes. The only member of the "Super Best Friends" who was not a religious figure is "Seaman", a spoof of Aquaman whose power was to talk to fish. In "200" the parody was revisited. The opening sequence for the Super Best Friends took its cues from the Super Friends cartoon; each of the religious figures (except for Muhammad, who was portrayed as a censor bar walking down a street) and Seaman's introductions resembled the Super Friends opening: Jesus was Superman, Buddha was Wonder Woman, Krishna was Batman and Seaman was Aquaman. Joseph Smith and Lao Tzu acted as Wendy and Marvin White.  In "201", Tom Cruise's house was described as "The Legion of Doom Headquarters! (initially it is described as "The Legion of Doom Headquarters [awkward pause] which is Tom Cruise's house"). The episode "Krazy Kripples" features a Legion of Doom with Christopher Reeve as the leader. The episode "Spookyfish" featured a Super Friends-style scene transition, with images of Barbra Streisand's head superimposed over the trademark lens-flares.

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      That '70s Show--Super Friends was spoofed in an episode of That '70s Show with a dream sequence where the "Super Pals" made fun of Eric's Superman because Donna's Wonder Woman had given him a ring as a gift. "I got it at the mall!" she exclaims. The episode featured Eric Forman as Superman, Donna as Wonder Woman, Kelso as Batman, Fez as Aquaman and Hyde and Jackie as the Wonder Twins. Red was also featured as their nemesis "Dr. Bald", wearing Lex Luthor's green-and-purple costume.

      The Batman--The animated series The Batman featured a modified version of the JLA Watchtower which closely resembled the Hall of Justice.

      Beneath Poster

      The Hall of Justice was featured in Young Justice as the Justice League's decoy base of operations. Additionally, Wendy and Marvin appear as classmates of Conner Kent and Megan Morse. The members of the Injustice League operate out of a base resembling the Legion's Hall of Doom.  In the second season, approximations of the minority members created for Super Friends (similar to the Ultimen example above) are introduced as teenagers given powers by the Reach. The group consists of Tye Longshadow (Apache Chief), Asami "Sam" Koizumi (Samurai), and Eduardo "Ed" Dorado Jr. (El Dorado). The exception is Black Vulcan, whose place is taken by Milestone Media hero Static (Black Lightning also appears in the series).


      • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Multiverse_%28Marvel_Comics%29
      • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_DC_Multiverse_worlds
      • http://www.reocities.com/TheTropics/1185/atlas2.html#e1a
      • http://superfriends.wikia.com/wiki/Earth-1A
      • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_television_series_based_on_DC_Comics
      • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_films_based_on_DC_Comics
      • http://blaklion.best.vwh.net/time_links.html
      • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Multiverse_%28DC_Comics%29
      • http://www.dccomics.com/blog/2014/10/20/1020-beyond-the-new-52-group-solicits-january-2015


      You can buy it on Amazon here.  


      The Television Crossover Universe is a shared reality that is created based in interconnected crossovers. The center is I Love Lucy, so to be in the TVCU, you should be able to do a six degrees of Lucy. Television Crossover Universe: Worlds and Mythology is a combination of material originally appearing on the Television Crossover Universe and new material. This volume consists of three in-depth chronologies detailing some of the wilder theories that have been presented within the Television Crossover Universe's history. Flintstones Forever: The Bedrock Anomaly explains how two modern stone age families became the ancestors of comedic fat and thin duos, and eventually modern families of animation. The Doctor Who Universe explores the world created by crossover connections that lead back to the classic long running BBC series. A League of Their Own: Crisis of the Super Friends focuses of DC super-heroes, as depicted on the screen, attempting to explain the links that trace them back to the Television Crossover Universe. This book is for fans of the fictional crossover, those who obsess over the details of their favorite shows and like to image their favorite characters existing out there in the multiverse.

      Image result for DC super-heroes

      Television Crossover Universe: Worlds and Mythology Volume I Kindle Edition

      Exploring the world of television and film crossovers, and the alternate realities of the big and small screen.
      The Television Crossover Universe is a shared reality that is created based in interconnected crossovers. The center is I Love Lucy, so to be in the TVCU, you should be able to do a six degrees of Lucy.
      Television Crossover Universe: Worlds and Mythology is a combination of material originally appearing on the Television Crossover Universe and new material. This volume consists of three in-depth chronologies detailing some of the wilder theories that have been presented within the Television Crossover Universe’s history.
      Flintstones Forever: The Bedrock Anomaly explains how two modern stone age families became the ancestors of comedic fat and thin duos, and eventually modern families of animation.
      The Doctor Who Universe explores the world created by crossover connections that lead back to the classic long running BBC series.
      A League of Their Own: Crisis of the Super Friends focuses of DC super-heroes, as depicted on the screen, attempting to explain the links that trace them back to the Television Crossover Universe.
      This book is for fans of the fictional crossover, those who obsess over the details of their favorite shows and like to image their favorite characters existing out there in the multiverse.


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